Luke 3:7
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
He said therefore to the crowds that came out to be baptized by him, “You brood of vipers! Who warned you to flee from the wrath to come?

King James Bible
Then said he to the multitude that came forth to be baptized of him, O generation of vipers, who hath warned you to flee from the wrath to come?

American Standard Version
He said therefore to the multitudes that went out to be baptized of him, Ye offspring of vipers, who warned you to flee from the wrath to come?

Douay-Rheims Bible
He said therefore to the multitudes that went forth to be baptized by him: Ye offspring of vipers, who hath shewed you to flee from the wrath to come?

English Revised Version
He said therefore to the multitudes that went out to be baptized of him, Ye offspring of vipers, who warned you to flee from the wrath to come?

Webster's Bible Translation
Then said he to the multitude that came forth to be baptized by him, O generation of vipers, who hath warned you to flee from the wrath to come?

Weymouth New Testament
Accordingly John used to say to the crowds who came out to be baptized by him, "O vipers' brood, who has warned you to flee from the coming wrath?

Luke 3:7 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

He said (ἔλεγεν) to the multitudes that came forth (ἐκπορευομένοις)

The use of the tenses is graphic. He said, the imperfect, and came forth, the present participle; both denoting action in progress, or customary action; so that the sense is, he kept saying, or he used to say to those who were coming out, to the crowds of people which kept pouring out successively. Compare ἐξεπορεύετο, went out, also imperfect, Matthew 3:5. Luke gives the substance of the Baptist's preaching summarily.

Generation (γεννήμεατα)

Lit., births. Rev., better, offspring. It has been observed that John's figurative language is altogether the language of the desert. Notice the succession of images: Brood of vipers; fruits (of repentance); the axe at the root of the tree; the slave-boy loosing or bearing the sandals; the baptism of fire; the winnowing-fan, the threshing-floor, the garner, and the burning of the chaff.

Warned (ὑπέδειξεν)

From ὕπο, under, and δείκνυμι, to shew. Hence, literally, to shew secretly. The word implies a private or confidential hint or reminder. Compare Luke 12:5; Acts 9:16; Acts 20:35.

Luke 3:7 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

O generation.

Genesis 3:15 And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your seed and her seed; it shall bruise your head...

Psalm 58:4,5 Their poison is like the poison of a serpent: they are like the deaf adder that stops her ear...

Isaiah 59:5 They hatch cockatrice' eggs, and weave the spider's web: he that eats of their eggs dies...

Matthew 3:7-10 But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees come to his baptism, he said to them, O generation of vipers...

Matthew 23:33 You serpents, you generation of vipers, how can you escape the damnation of hell?

John 8:44 You are of your father the devil, and the lusts of your father you will do. He was a murderer from the beginning...

Acts 13:10 And said, O full of all subtlety and all mischief, you child of the devil, you enemy of all righteousness...

1 John 3:8 He that commits sin is of the devil; for the devil sins from the beginning. For this purpose the Son of God was manifested...

to flee.

1 Thessalonians 1:10 And to wait for his Son from heaven, whom he raised from the dead, even Jesus, which delivered us from the wrath to come.

Hebrews 6:18 That by two immutable things, in which it was impossible for God to lie, we might have a strong consolation...

Cross References
Matthew 3:6
and they were baptized by him in the river Jordan, confessing their sins.

Matthew 3:7
But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees coming to his baptism, he said to them, "You brood of vipers! Who warned you to flee from the wrath to come?

Matthew 12:34
You brood of vipers! How can you speak good, when you are evil? For out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaks.

Matthew 23:33
You serpents, you brood of vipers, how are you to escape being sentenced to hell?

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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