Mark 7:2
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
they saw that some of his disciples ate with hands that were defiled, that is, unwashed.

King James Bible
And when they saw some of his disciples eat bread with defiled, that is to say, with unwashen, hands, they found fault.

American Standard Version
and had seen that some of his disciples ate their bread with defiled, that is, unwashen, hands.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And when they had seen some of his disciples eat bread with common, that is, with unwashed hands, they found fault.

English Revised Version
and had seen that some of his disciples ate their bread with defiled, that is, unwashen, hands.

Webster's Bible Translation
And when they saw some of his disciples eating bread with defiled (that is to say with unwashed) hands, they found fault.

Weymouth New Testament
They had noticed that some of His disciples were eating their food with 'unclean' (that is to say, unwashed)

Mark 7:2 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Defiled (κοιναῖς)

Lit., common; and so Rev. in margin, Wyc., and Tynd.

That is

Added by way of explanation to Gentile readers.

Oft (πυγμῇ)

Rev., diligently. A word which has given critics much difficulty, and on which it is impossible to speak decisively. The Rev. gives in the margin the simplest meaning, the literal one, with the fist; that is, rubbing the uncleansed hand with the other doubled. This would be satisfactory if there were any evidence that such was the custom in washing; but there is none. Edersheim ("Life and Times of Jesus," ii., 11, note) says "the custom is not in accordance with Jewish law." But he elsewhere says ("The Temple," 206, note), "For when water was poured upon the hands they had to be lifted, yet so that the water should neither run up above the wrist, nor back again upon the hand; best, therefore, by doubling the fingers into a fist. Hence (as Lightfoot rightly remarks) Mark 7:3, should be translated except they wash their hands with the fist." Tischendorf, in his eighth edition, retains an ancient reading, πυκνά, frequently or diligently, which may go to explain this translation in so many of the versions (Gothic, Vulgate, Syriac). Meyer, with his usual literalism gives with the fist, which I am inclined to adopt.

Holding (κρατοῦντες)

Strictly, holding firmly or fast. So Hebrews 4:14; Revelation 2:25; denoting obstinate adherence to tradition.

Mark 7:2 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

defiled. or, common.

Acts 10:14,15,28 But Peter said, Not so, Lord; for I have never eaten any thing that is common or unclean...

they found.

Daniel 6:4,5 Then the presidents and princes sought to find occasion against Daniel concerning the kingdom...

Matthew 7:3-5 And why behold you the mote that is in your brother's eye, but consider not the beam that is in your own eye...

Matthew 23:23-25 Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for you pay tithe of mint and anise and cummin...

Cross References
Matthew 15:2
"Why do your disciples break the tradition of the elders? For they do not wash their hands when they eat."

Mark 7:5
And the Pharisees and the scribes asked him, "Why do your disciples not walk according to the tradition of the elders, but eat with defiled hands?"

Luke 11:38
The Pharisee was astonished to see that he did not first wash before dinner.

Acts 10:14
But Peter said, "By no means, Lord; for I have never eaten anything that is common or unclean."

Acts 10:28
And he said to them, "You yourselves know how unlawful it is for a Jew to associate with or to visit anyone of another nation, but God has shown me that I should not call any person common or unclean.

Acts 11:8
But I said, 'By no means, Lord; for nothing common or unclean has ever entered my mouth.'

Romans 14:14
I know and am persuaded in the Lord Jesus that nothing is unclean in itself, but it is unclean for anyone who thinks it unclean.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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