Matthew 15:2
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
“Why do your disciples break the tradition of the elders? For they do not wash their hands when they eat.”

King James Bible
Why do thy disciples transgress the tradition of the elders? for they wash not their hands when they eat bread.

American Standard Version
Why do thy disciples transgress the tradition of the elders? for they wash not their hands when they eat bread.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Why do thy disciples trangress the tradition of the ancients? For they wash not their hands when they eat bread.

English Revised Version
Why do thy disciples transgress the tradition of the elders? for they wash not their hands when they eat bread.

Webster's Bible Translation
Why do thy disciples transgress the tradition of the elders? for they wash not their hands when they eat bread.

Weymouth New Testament
"Why do your disciples transgress the tradition of the Elders by not washing their hands before meals?"

Matthew 15:2 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Wash not their hands

Washing before meals was alone regarded as a commandment; washing after meals only as a duty. By and by the more rigorous actually washed between the courses, although this was declared to be purely voluntary. The distinctive designation for washing after meals was the lifting of the hands; while for washing before meat a term was used which meant, literally, to rub. If "holy," i.e., sacrificial food was to be partaken of, a complete immersion of the hands, and not a mere "uplifting" was prescribed. As the purifications were so frequent, and care had to be taken that the water had not been used for other purposes, or something fallen into it that might discolor or defile it, large vessels or jars were generally kept for the purpose (see John 2:6). It was the practice to draw water out of these with a kind of ladle or bucket - very often of glass - which must hold at least one and a half egg-shells (compare draw out now, John 2:8). The water was poured on both hands, which must be free of anything covering them, such as gravel, mortar, etc. The hands were lifted up so as to make the water run to the wrist, in order to insure that the whole hand was washed, and that the water polluted by the hand did not again run down the fingers. Similarly, each hand was rubbed with the other (the fist), provided the hand that rubbed had been affused; otherwise, the rubbing might be done against the head, or even against a wall. But there was one point on which special stress was laid. In the "first affusion," which was all that originally was required when the hands were not levitically "defiled," the water had to run down to the wrist. If the water remained short of the wrist, the hands were not clean. See Mark 7:3 (Edersheim, "Life and Times of Jesus").

Matthew 15:2 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

transgress.

Mark 7:2,5 And when they saw some of his disciples eat bread with defiled, that is to say, with unwashed, hands, they found fault...

Genesis 1:14 And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs...

Colossians 2:8,20-23 Beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit, after the tradition of men, after the rudiments of the world...

1 Peter 1:18 For as much as you know that you were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold...

tradition. Tradition, in Latin traditio, from trado, I deliver, hand down, exactly agreeing with the original [paradosis,] from [paradidomi,] I deliver, transmit. Among the Jews it signifies what is called oral law, which they say has been successively handed down from Moses, through every generation, to Judah the Holy, who compiled and digested it into the Mishneh, to explain which the two Gemaras, or Talmuds, called the Jerusalem and Babylonish, were composed. Of the estimation in which these were held by the Jews, the following may serve as an example: 'The words of the Scribes are lovely beyond the words of the law, for the words of the law are weighty and light, but the words of the Scribes are all weighty.'

Cross References
Matthew 15:3
He answered them, "And why do you break the commandment of God for the sake of your tradition?

Mark 7:2
they saw that some of his disciples ate with hands that were defiled, that is, unwashed.

Mark 7:5
And the Pharisees and the scribes asked him, "Why do your disciples not walk according to the tradition of the elders, but eat with defiled hands?"

Luke 11:38
The Pharisee was astonished to see that he did not first wash before dinner.

Galatians 1:14
And I was advancing in Judaism beyond many of my own age among my people, so extremely zealous was I for the traditions of my fathers.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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