Micah 6:1
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Hear what the LORD says: Arise, plead your case before the mountains, and let the hills hear your voice.

King James Bible
Hear ye now what the LORD saith; Arise, contend thou before the mountains, and let the hills hear thy voice.

American Standard Version
Hear ye now what Jehovah saith: Arise, contend thou before the mountains, and let the hills hear thy voice.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Hear ye what the Lord saith: Arise, contend thou in judgment against the mountains, and let the hills hear thy voice.

English Revised Version
Hear ye now what the LORD saith: Arise, contend thou before the mountains, and let the hills hear thy voice.

Webster's Bible Translation
Hear ye now what the LORD saith; Arise, contend thou before the mountains, and let the hills hear thy voice.

Micah 6:1 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

To strengthen this threat, Amos proceeds, in Amos 9:5, Amos 9:6, to describe Jehovah as the Lord of heaven and earth, who sends judgments upon the earth with omnipotent power. Amos 9:5. "And the Lord Jehovah of hosts, who toucheth the earth, and it melteth, and all the inhabitants of thereupon mourn; and the whole of it riseth like the Nile, and sinketh like the Nile of Egypt. Amos 9:6. Who buildeth His stories in heaven, and His vault, over the earth hath He founded it; who calleth to the waters of the sea, and poureth them out over the earth: Jehovah is His name." This description of God, who rules with omnipotence, is appended, as in Amos 4:13 and Amos 5:8, without any link of connection whatever. We must not render it, "The Lord Jehovah of hosts is He who toucheth the earth;" but we must supply the connecting thought, "And He who thus directeth His eye upon you is the Lord Jehovah of hosts, who toucheth the earth, and it melteth." The melting or dissolving of the earth is, according to Psalm 46:7, an effect produced by the Lord, who makes His voice heard in judgments, or "the destructive effect of the judgments of God, whose instruments the conquerors are" (Hengstenberg), when nations reel and kingdoms totter. The Lord therefore touches the earth, so that it melts, when He dissolves the stability of the earth by great judgments (cf. Psalm 75:4). "Israel could not fail to test the truth of these words by painful experience, when the wild hordes of Assyria poured themselves over the western parts of Asia" (Hengstenberg). The following words, depicting the dissolution of the earth, are repeated, with very inconsiderable alterations, from Amos 8:8; we have merely the omission of ונגרשׁה, and the kal שׁקעה substituted for the niphal נשׁקה. In Amos 9:6 there is evidently an allusion to the flood. God, who is enthroned in heaven, in the cloud-towers built above the circle of the earth, possesses the power to pour the waves of the sea over the earth by His simple word. Ma‛ălōth is synonymous with עליּות in Psalm 104:3 : upper rooms, lit., places to which one has to ascend. 'Aguddâh, an arch or vault: that which is called râqı̄ă‛, the firmament, in other places. The heaven, in which God builds His stories, is the heaven of clouds; and the vault, according to Genesis 1:7, is the firmament of heaven, which divided the water above the firmament from the water beneath it. Consequently the upper rooms of God are the waters above the firmament, in or out of which God builds His stories (Psalm 104:3), i.e., the cloud-tower above the horizon of the earth, which is raised above it like a vault. Out of this cloud-castle the rain pours down (Psalm 104:13); and out of its open windows the waters of the flood poured down, and overflowed the earth (Genesis 7:11). When God calls to the waters of the sea, they pour themselves over the surface of the earth. The waves of the sea are a figurative representation of the agitated multitude of nations, or of the powers of the world, which pour their waves over the kingdom of God (see at Amos 7:4).

Micah 6:1 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

ye.

Micah 1:2 Hear, all you people; listen, O earth, and all that therein is: and let the Lord GOD be witness against you...

1 Samuel 15:16 Then Samuel said to Saul, Stay, and I will tell you what the LORD has said to me this night. And he said to him, Say on.

Jeremiah 13:15 Hear you, and give ear; be not proud: for the LORD has spoken.

Amos 3:1 Hear this word that the LORD has spoken against you, O children of Israel...

Hebrews 3:7,8 Why (as the Holy Ghost said, To day if you will hear his voice...

Arise. The manner of raising attention, says Abp. Newcome, in ver.

Micah 6:1 Hear you now what the LORD said; Arise, contend you before the mountains, and let the hills hear your voice.

,

Micah 6:2 Hear you, O mountains, the LORD's controversy, and you strong foundations of the earth: for the LORD has a controversy with his people...

, by calling a man to urge his plea in the face of all nature, and on the inanimate creation to hear the expostulation of Jehovah with his people, is truly awakening and magnificent. The words of Jehovah follow in ver.

Micah 6:3-5 O my people, what have I done to you? and wherein have I wearied you? testify against me...

; and God's mercies having been set before the people, one of them is introduced in a beautiful manner, asking what his duty is towards so gracious a God, ver.

Micah 6:6 With which shall I come before the LORD, and bow myself before the high God? shall I come before him with burnt offerings...

,

Micah 6:7 Will the LORD be pleased with thousands of rams, or with ten thousands of rivers of oil? shall I give my firstborn for my transgression...

. The answer follows in the words of the prophet, ver.

Micah 6:8 He has showed you, O man, what is good; and what does the LORD require of you, but to do justly, and to love mercy...

.

contend.

Deuteronomy 4:26 I call heaven and earth to witness against you this day...

Deuteronomy 32:1 Give ear, O you heavens, and I will speak; and hear, O earth, the words of my mouth.

Psalm 50:1,4 The mighty God, even the LORD, has spoken, and called the earth from the rising of the sun to the going down thereof...

Isaiah 1:2 Hear, O heavens, and give ear, O earth: for the LORD has spoken, I have nourished and brought up children...

Jeremiah 22:29 O earth, earth, earth, hear the word of the LORD.

Ezekiel 36:1,8 Also, you son of man, prophesy to the mountains of Israel, and say, You mountains of Israel, hear the word of the LORD...

Luke 19:40 And he answered and said to them, I tell you that, if these should hold their peace, the stones would immediately cry out.

before. or, with.

Micah 1:4 And the mountains shall be molten under him, and the valleys shall be cleft, as wax before the fire...

Isaiah 2:12-14 For the day of the LORD of hosts shall be on every one that is proud and lofty, and on every one that is lifted up...

let.

Ezekiel 37:4 Again he said to me, Prophesy on these bones, and say to them, O you dry bones, hear the word of the LORD.

Cross References
1 Samuel 12:7
Now therefore stand still that I may plead with you before the LORD concerning all the righteous deeds of the LORD that he performed for you and for your fathers.

Micah 5:15
And in anger and wrath I will execute vengeance on the nations that did not obey.

Micah 6:2
Hear, you mountains, the indictment of the LORD, and you enduring foundations of the earth, for the LORD has an indictment against his people, and he will contend with Israel.

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