Nahum 1:2
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
The LORD is a jealous and avenging God; the LORD is avenging and wrathful; the LORD takes vengeance on his adversaries and keeps wrath for his enemies.

King James Bible
God is jealous, and the LORD revengeth; the LORD revengeth, and is furious; the LORD will take vengeance on his adversaries, and he reserveth wrath for his enemies.

American Standard Version
Jehovah is a jealous God and avengeth; Jehovah avengeth and is full of wrath; Jehovah taketh vengeance on his adversaries, and he reserveth wrath for his enemies.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The Lord is a jealous God, and a revenger: the Lord is a revenger, and hath wrath: the Lord taketh vengeance on his adversaries, and he is angry with his enemies.

English Revised Version
The LORD is a jealous God and avengeth; the LORD avengeth and is full of wrath; the LORD taketh vengeance on his adversaries, and he reserveth wrath for his enemies.

Webster's Bible Translation
God is jealous, and the LORD avengeth; the LORD avengeth, and is furious; the LORD will take vengeance on his adversaries, and he reserveth wrath for his enemies.

Nahum 1:2 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

When the danger was at its height, the upper-steersman, or ship's captain (rabh hachōbhēl, the chief of the ship's governors; chōbhēl with the article is a collective noun, and a denom. from chebhel, a ship's cable, hence the one who manages, steers, or guides the ship), wakes him with the words, "How canst thou sleep soundly? Arise, and call upon thy God; perhaps God (hâ'ĕlōhı̄m with the article, 'the true God') will think of us, that we may not perish." The meaning of יתעשּׁת is disputed. As עשׁת is used in Jeremiah 5:28 in the sense of shining (viz., of fat), Calvin and others (last of all, Hitzig) have maintained that the hithpael has the meaning, shown himself shining, i.e., bright (propitious); whilst others, including Jerome, prefer the meaning think again, which is apparently better supported than the former, not only by the Chaldee, but also by the nouns עשׁתּוּת (Job 12:5) and עשׁתּון (Psalm 146:4). God's thinking of a person involves the idea of active assistance. For the thought itself, compare Psalm 40:18. The fact that Jonah obeyed this awakening call is passed over as self-evident; and in Jonah 1:7 the narrative proceeds to relate, that as the storm had not abated in the meantime, the sailors, firmly believing that some one in the ship had committed a crime which had excited the anger of God that was manifesting itself in the storm, had recourse to the lot to find out the culprit. בּשׁלּמי equals בּאשׁר למי (Jonah 1:8), as שׁ is the vulgar, and in conversation the usual contraction for אשׁר: "on account of whom" (בּאשׁר, in this that equals because, or followed by ל, on account of). הרעה, the misfortune (as in Amos 3:6), - namely, the storm which is threatening destruction. The lot fell upon Jonah. "The fugitive is taken by lot, not from any virtue in lots themselves, least of all the lots of heathen, but by the will of Him who governs uncertain lots" (Jerome).

When Jonah had been singled out by the lot as the culprit, the sailors called upon him to confess his guilt, asking him at the same time about his country, his occupation, and his parentage. The repetition of the question, on whose account this calamity had befallen them, which is omitted in the lxx (Vatic.), the Socin. prophets, and Cod. 195 of Kennicott, is found in the margin in Cod. 384, and is regarded by Grimm and Hitzig as a marginal gloss that has crept into the text. It is not superfluous, however; still less does it occasion any confusion; on the contrary, it is quite in order. The sailors wanted thereby to induce Jonah to confess with his own mouth that he was guilty, now that the lot had fallen upon him, and to disclose his crime (Ros. and others). As an indirect appeal to confess his crime, it prepares the way for the further inquiries as to his occupation, etc. They inquired about this occupation, because it might be a disreputable one, and one which excited the wrath of the gods; also about his parentage, and especially about the land and people from which he sprang, that they might be able to pronounce a safe sentence upon his crime.

Nahum 1:2 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

God is jealous, and the Lord revengeth. or, The Lord is a jealous God, and a revenger.

Exodus 20:5 You shall not bow down yourself to them, nor serve them: for I the LORD your God am a jealous God...

Exodus 34:14 For you shall worship no other god: for the LORD, whose name is Jealous, is a jealous God:

Deuteronomy 4:24 For the LORD your God is a consuming fire, even a jealous God.

Joshua 24:19 And Joshua said to the people, You cannot serve the LORD: for he is an holy God; he is a jealous God...

Isaiah 42:13 The LORD shall go forth as a mighty man, he shall stir up jealousy like a man of war: he shall cry, yes, roar...

Ezekiel 38:18 And it shall come to pass at the same time when Gog shall come against the land of Israel, said the Lord GOD...

Ezekiel 39:25 Therefore thus said the Lord GOD; Now will I bring again the captivity of Jacob, and have mercy on the whole house of Israel...

Joel 2:18 Then will the LORD be jealous for his land, and pity his people.

Zechariah 1:14 So the angel that communed with me said to me, Cry you, saying, Thus said the LORD of hosts...

Zechariah 8:2 Thus said the LORD of hosts; I was jealous for Zion with great jealousy, and I was jealous for her with great fury.

revengeth.

Deuteronomy 32:35,42 To me belongs vengeance and recompense; their foot shall slide in due time: for the day of their calamity is at hand...

Psalm 94:1 O Lord God, to whom vengeance belongs; O God, to whom vengeance belongs, show yourself.

Isaiah 59:17,18 For he put on righteousness as a breastplate, and an helmet of salvation on his head...

Romans 12:19 Dearly beloved, avenge not yourselves, but rather give place to wrath: for it is written, Vengeance is mine; I will repay...

Romans 13:4 For he is the minister of God to you for good. But if you do that which is evil, be afraid; for he bears not the sword in vain...

Hebrews 10:30 For we know him that has said, Vengeance belongs to me, I will recompense, said the Lord. And again, The Lord shall judge his people.

is furious. Heb. that hath fury.

Leviticus 26:28 Then I will walk contrary to you also in fury; and I, even I, will chastise you seven times for your sins.

Job 20:23 When he is about to fill his belly, God shall cast the fury of his wrath on him, and shall rain it on him while he is eating.

Isaiah 51:17,20 Awake, awake, stand up, O Jerusalem, which have drunk at the hand of the LORD the cup of his fury...

Isaiah 59:18 According to their deeds, accordingly he will repay, fury to his adversaries, recompense to his enemies...

Isaiah 63:3-6 I have trodden the wine press alone; and of the people there was none with me: for I will tread them in my anger...

Isaiah 66:15 For, behold, the LORD will come with fire, and with his chariots like a whirlwind, to render his anger with fury...

Jeremiah 4:4 Circumcise yourselves to the LORD, and take away the foreskins of your heart, you men of Judah and inhabitants of Jerusalem...

Jeremiah 25:15 For thus said the LORD God of Israel to me; Take the wine cup of this fury at my hand, and cause all the nations, to whom I send you...

Jeremiah 36:7 It may be they will present their supplication before the LORD, and will return every one from his evil way...

Lamentations 4:11 The LORD has accomplished his fury; he has poured out his fierce anger, and has kindled a fire in Zion...

Ezekiel 5:13 Thus shall my anger be accomplished, and I will cause my fury to rest on them, and I will be comforted...

Ezekiel 6:12 He that is far off shall die of the pestilence; and he that is near shall fall by the sword...

Ezekiel 8:18 Therefore will I also deal in fury: my eye shall not spare, neither will I have pity: and though they cry in my ears with a loud voice...

Ezekiel 36:6 Prophesy therefore concerning the land of Israel, and say to the mountains, and to the hills, to the rivers, and to the valleys...

Micah 5:15 And I will execute vengeance in anger and fury on the heathen, such as they have not heard.

Zechariah 8:2 Thus said the LORD of hosts; I was jealous for Zion with great jealousy, and I was jealous for her with great fury.

reserveth.

Deuteronomy 32:34,35,41-43 Is not this laid up in store with me, and sealed up among my treasures...

Jeremiah 3:5 Will he reserve his anger for ever? will he keep it to the end? Behold, you have spoken and done evil things as you could.

Micah 7:18 Who is a God like to you, that pardons iniquity, and passes by the transgression of the remnant of his heritage?...

Romans 2:5,6 But after your hardness and impenitent heart treasure up to yourself wrath against the day of wrath and revelation...

2 Peter 2:9 The Lord knows how to deliver the godly out of temptations, and to reserve the unjust to the day of judgment to be punished:

Cross References
Exodus 20:5
You shall not bow down to them or serve them, for I the LORD your God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children to the third and the fourth generation of those who hate me,

Deuteronomy 7:10
and repays to their face those who hate him, by destroying them. He will not be slack with one who hates him. He will repay him to his face.

Deuteronomy 32:35
Vengeance is mine, and recompense, for the time when their foot shall slip; for the day of their calamity is at hand, and their doom comes swiftly.'

Deuteronomy 32:41
if I sharpen my flashing sword and my hand takes hold on judgment, I will take vengeance on my adversaries and will repay those who hate me.

Joshua 24:19
But Joshua said to the people, "You are not able to serve the LORD, for he is a holy God. He is a jealous God; he will not forgive your transgressions or your sins.

Psalm 94:1
O LORD, God of vengeance, O God of vengeance, shine forth!

Jeremiah 28:8
The prophets who preceded you and me from ancient times prophesied war, famine, and pestilence against many countries and great kingdoms.

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