Nahum 3:11
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
You also will be drunken; you will go into hiding; you will seek a refuge from the enemy.

King James Bible
Thou also shalt be drunken: thou shalt be hid, thou also shalt seek strength because of the enemy.

American Standard Version
Thou also shalt be drunken; thou shalt be hid; thou also shalt seek a stronghold because of the enemy.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Therefore thou also shalt be made drunk, and shalt be despised: and thou shalt seek help from the enemy.

English Revised Version
Thou also shalt be drunken, thou shalt be hid; thou also shalt seek a strong hold because of the enemy.

Webster's Bible Translation
Thou also shalt be drunken: thou shalt be hid, thou also shalt seek strength because of the enemy.

Nahum 3:11 Parallel
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Jehovah-God appointed a Qiqayon, which grew up over Jonah, to give him shade over his head, "to deliver him from his evil." The Qiqayon, which Luther renders gourd (Krbiss) after the lxx, but describes in his commentary on the book of Jonah as the vitis alba, is, according to Jerome, the shrub called Elkeroa in Syriac, a very common shrub in Palestine, which grows in sandy places, having broad leaves that throw a pleasant shadow, and which shoots up to a considerable height in a very few days.

(Note: Jerome describes it thus: "A kind of bush or shrub, having broad leaves like vine leaves, casting a very dense shadow, and sustaining itself by its trunk, which grows very abundantly in Palestine, and chiefly in sandy places. If placed in sowing land, being quickly nourished, it grows up into a tree, and in a very few days what you saw as nothing but a herb you now look upon as a small tree.")

The Elkeroa, however, which Niebuhr also saw at Basra (Beschrieb. v. Arab. p. 148) and describes in a similar manner, is the ricinus or palma Christi, the miraculous tree; and, according to Kimchi and the Talmudists, it was the Kik or Kiki of the Egyptians, from which an oil was obtained according to Herodotus (ii. 94) and Pliny (Hits. n. xv. 7), as was the case according to Niebuhr with the Elkeroa. Its rapid growth is also mentioned by Pliny, who calls it ricinus (see Ges. thes. p. 1214). God caused this shrub to grow up with miraculous rapidity, to such a height that it cast a shade upon Jonah's head, to procure him deliverance (להצּיל לו) "from his evil," i.e., not from the burning heat of the sun (ab aestu solis), from which he suffered in the hut which he had run up so hastily with twigs, but from his displeasure or vexation, the evil from which he suffered according to Jonah 4:3 (Rosenmller, Hitzig). The variation in the names of the Deity in Jonah 4:6-9 is worthy of notice. The creation of the miraculous tree to give shade to Jonah is ascribed to Jehovah-Elohim in Jonah 4:6. This composite name, which occurs very rarely except in Genesis 2 and 3((see comm. on Genesis 2:4), is chosen here to help the transition from Jehovah in Jonah 4:4 to Elohim in Jonah 4:7, Jonah 4:8. Jehovah, who replies to the prophet concerning his discontented complaint (Jonah 4:4) as Elohim, i.e., as the divine creative power, causes the miraculous tree to spring up, to heal Jonah of his chagrin. And to the same end h-Elohim, i.e., the personal God, prepares the worm which punctures the miraculous tree and causes it to wither away (Jonah 4:7); and this is also helped by the east wind appointed by Elohim, i.e., the Deity ruling over nature (Jonah 4:8), to bring about the correction of the prophet, who was murmuring against God. Hence the different names of God are employed with thoughtful deliberation. Jonah rejoiced exceedingly at the miraculous growth of the shrub which provided for him, because he probably saw therein a sign of the goodness of God and of the divine approval of his intention to wait for the destruction of Nineveh. But this joy was not to last long.

Nahum 3:11 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Thou also. Diodorus relates, that while the Assyrian army were feasting for their former victories, those about Arbaces being informed of their negligence and drunkenness, fell upon them unexpectedly, slew many, and drove the rest into the city.

shalt be drunken.

Nahum 1:10 For while they be entwined together as thorns, and while they are drunken as drunkards, they shall be devoured as stubble fully dry.

Psalm 75:8 For in the hand of the LORD there is a cup, and the wine is red; it is full of mixture; and he pours out of the same...

Isaiah 29:9 Stay yourselves, and wonder; cry you out, and cry: they are drunken, but not with wine; they stagger, but not with strong drink.

Isaiah 49:26 And I will feed them that oppress you with their own flesh; and they shall be drunken with their own blood, as with sweet wine...

Isaiah 63:6 And I will tread down the people in my anger, and make them drunk in my fury, and I will bring down their strength to the earth.

Jeremiah 25:15-27 For thus said the LORD God of Israel to me; Take the wine cup of this fury at my hand, and cause all the nations, to whom I send you...

Jeremiah 51:57 And I will make drunk her princes, and her wise men, her captains, and her rulers, and her mighty men...

thou shalt be hid.

1 Samuel 13:6 When the men of Israel saw that they were in a strait, (for the people were distressed,) then the people did hide themselves in caves...

1 Samuel 14:11 And both of them discovered themselves to the garrison of the Philistines: and the Philistines said, Behold...

Isaiah 2:10,19 Enter into the rock, and hide you in the dust, for fear of the LORD, and for the glory of his majesty...

Hosea 10:8 The high places also of Aven, the sin of Israel, shall be destroyed: the thorn and the thistle shall come up on their altars...

Amos 9:3 And though they hide themselves in the top of Carmel, I will search and take them out there...

Micah 7:17 They shall lick the dust like a serpent, they shall move out of their holes like worms of the earth...

Luke 23:30 Then shall they begin to say to the mountains, Fall on us; and to the hills, Cover us.

Revelation 6:15-17 And the kings of the earth, and the great men, and the rich men, and the chief captains, and the mighty men, and every slave...

thou also.

Nahum 2:1 He that dashes in pieces is come up before your face: keep the fortification, watch the way, make your loins strong...

Jeremiah 4:5 Declare you in Judah, and publish in Jerusalem; and say, Blow you the trumpet in the land: cry, gather together, and say...

Jeremiah 8:14 Why do we sit still? assemble yourselves, and let us enter into the defended cities, and let us be silent there...

Cross References
Isaiah 2:10
Enter into the rock and hide in the dust from before the terror of the LORD, and from the splendor of his majesty.

Isaiah 2:19
And people shall enter the caves of the rocks and the holes of the ground, from before the terror of the LORD, and from the splendor of his majesty, when he rises to terrify the earth.

Isaiah 49:26
I will make your oppressors eat their own flesh, and they shall be drunk with their own blood as with wine. Then all flesh shall know that I am the LORD your Savior, and your Redeemer, the Mighty One of Jacob."

Jeremiah 25:16
They shall drink and stagger and be crazed because of the sword that I am sending among them."

Jeremiah 25:27
"Then you shall say to them, 'Thus says the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel: Drink, be drunk and vomit, fall and rise no more, because of the sword that I am sending among you.'

Hosea 10:8
The high places of Aven, the sin of Israel, shall be destroyed. Thorn and thistle shall grow up on their altars, and they shall say to the mountains, "Cover us," and to the hills, "Fall on us."

Nahum 1:10
For they are like entangled thorns, like drunkards as they drink; they are consumed like stubble fully dried.

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