Numbers 12:1
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Miriam and Aaron spoke against Moses because of the Cushite woman whom he had married, for he had married a Cushite woman.

King James Bible
And Miriam and Aaron spake against Moses because of the Ethiopian woman whom he had married: for he had married an Ethiopian woman.

American Standard Version
And Miriam and Aaron spake against Moses because of the Cushite woman whom he had married; for he had married a Cushite woman.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Mary and Aaron spoke against Moses, because of his wife the Ethiopian,

English Revised Version
And Miriam and Aaron spake against Moses because of the Cushite woman whom he had married: for he had married a Cushite woman.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Miriam and Aaron spoke against Moses because of the Cushite woman whom he had married: for he had married a Cushite woman.

Numbers 12:1 Parallel
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Moses returned with the elders into the camp, sc., from the tabernacle, which stood upon an open space in the midst of the camp, at some distance from the tents of the Levites and the rest of the tribes of Israel, which were pitched around it, so that whoever wished to go to it, had first of all to go out of his tent.

(Note: For the purpose of overthrowing the historical character of this marvellous event, the critics, from Vater to Knobel, have identified the appointment of the seventy elders to support Moses with the judicial institute established at Sinai by the advice of Jethro (Exodus 18), and adduce the obvious differences between these two entirely different institutions as arguments for the supposed diversity of documents and legends. But what ground is there for identifying things so totally different from one another? The assertion of Knobel, that in Deuteronomy 1:9-18, Moses "evidently" refers to both events (Exodus 18 and Numbers 11), is unfounded and untrue. Or are the same official duties and rank assigned to the elders who were chosen as judges in Exodus 18, as to the seventy elders who were called by God, and endowed with His Spirit, that they might help Moses to govern the people who had rebelled against him and against Jehovah on account of the want of flesh, and to restore and uphold the authority of Moses as the divinely chosen leader of Israel, which had been shaken thereby? Can the judges of a land be identified without reserve with the executive of the land? The mere fact, that this executive court was chosen, like the judges, from the whole body of elders, does not warrant us in identifying the two institutions. Nor does it follow from the fact, that at Sinai seventy of the elders of Israel ascended the mountain with Moses, Aaron, and his sons, and there saw God (Exodus 24:9.), that the seventy persons chosen here were the same as the seventy mentioned there. The sameness of the numbers does not prove that the persons were the same, but simply that the number seventy was the most suitable, on account of its historical and symbolical significance, to form a representation of the whole body of the people. For a further refutation of this futile objection, see Ranke, Unterss. b. d. Pent. II. pp. 183ff.)

No account has been handed down of the further action of this committee of elders. It is impossible to determine, therefore, in what way they assisted Moses in bearing the burden of governing the people. All that can be regarded as following unquestionably from the purpose given here is, that they did not form a permanent body, which continued from the time of Moses to the Captivity, and after the Captivity was revived again in the Sanhedrim, as Talmudists, Rabbins, and many of the earlier theologians suppose (see Selden de Synedriis, l. i. c. 14, ii. c. 4; Jo. Marckii sylloge dissertatt. phil. theol. ad V. T. exercit. 12, pp. 343ff.). On the opposite side vid., Relandi Antiquitates, ss. ii. 7, 3; Carpz. apparat. pp. 573f., etc.

Numbers 12:1 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge


Matthew 10:36 And a man's foes shall be they of his own household.

Matthew 12:48 But he answered and said to him that told him, Who is my mother? and who are my brothers?

John 7:5 For neither did his brothers believe in him.

John 15:20 Remember the word that I said to you, The servant is not greater than his lord. If they have persecuted me...

Galatians 4:16 Am I therefore become your enemy, because I tell you the truth?

Ethiopian or Cushite

Exodus 2:16,21 Now the priest of Midian had seven daughters: and they came and drew water, and filled the troughs to water their father's flock...

married. Heb. taken

Genesis 24:3,37 And I will make you swear by the LORD, the God of heaven, and the God of the earth...

Genesis 26:34,35 And Esau was forty years old when he took to wife Judith the daughter of Beeri the Hittite...

Genesis 27:46 And Rebekah said to Isaac, I am weary of my life because of the daughters of Heth: if Jacob take a wife of the daughters of Heth...

Genesis 28:6-9 When Esau saw that Isaac had blessed Jacob, and sent him away to Padanaram, to take him a wife from there...

Genesis 34:14,15 And they said to them, We cannot do this thing, to give our sister to one that is uncircumcised; for that were a reproach to us...

Genesis 41:45 And Pharaoh called Joseph's name Zaphnathpaaneah; and he gave him to wife Asenath the daughter of Potipherah priest of On...

Exodus 34:16 And you take of their daughters to your sons, and their daughters go a whoring after their gods...

Leviticus 21:14 A widow, or a divorced woman, or profane, or an harlot, these shall he not take: but he shall take a virgin of his own people to wife.

Cross References
Exodus 2:21
And Moses was content to dwell with the man, and he gave Moses his daughter Zipporah.

Numbers 14:22
none of the men who have seen my glory and my signs that I did in Egypt and in the wilderness, and yet have put me to the test these ten times and have not obeyed my voice,

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