Numbers 22:12
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
God said to Balaam, “You shall not go with them. You shall not curse the people, for they are blessed.”

King James Bible
And God said unto Balaam, Thou shalt not go with them; thou shalt not curse the people: for they are blessed.

American Standard Version
And God said unto Balaam, Thou shalt not go with them; thou shalt not curse the people; for they are blessed.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And God said to Balaam : Thou shalt not go with them, nor shalt thou curse the people: because it is blessed.

English Revised Version
And God said unto Balaam, Thou shalt not go with them; thou shalt not curse the people: for they are blessed.

Webster's Bible Translation
And God said to Balaam, Thou shalt not go with them; thou shalt not curse the people: for they are blessed.

Numbers 22:12 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Balak sent messengers to Balaam to Pethor in Mesopotamia. The town of Pethor, or Pethora (Φαθοῦρα, lxx), is unknown. There is something very uncertain in Knobel's supposition, that it is connected with Φαθοῦσαι, a place to the south of Circessium (Zozim. iii. 14), and with the Βέθαννα mentioned by Ptolemy, v. 18, 6, and that these are the same as Anah, Ἀναθώ, "Anatha (Ammian. Marcell. xxiv. 1, 6). And the conjecture that the name is derived from פּתר, to interpret dreams (Genesis 41:8), and marks the place as a seat of the possessors of secret arts, is also more than doubtful, since פּשׁר corresponds to פּתר in Aramaean; although there can be no doubt that Pethor may have been a noted seat of Babylonian magi, since these wise men were accustomed to congregate in particular localities (cf. Strabo, xvi. 1, 6, and Mnter Relig. der Babyl. p. 86). Balak desired Balaam to come and curse the people of Israel, who had come out of Egypt, and were so numerous that they covered the eye of the earth (see Exodus 10:5), i.e., the whole face of the land, and sat down (were encamped) opposite to him; that he might then perhaps be able to smite them and drive them out of the land. On ארה for אר, the imperative of ארר, see Ewald, 228, b. - "For I know that he whom thou blessest is blessed, and he whom thou cursest is cursed." Balak believed, in common with the whole of the ancient world, in the real power and operation of the curses, anathemas, and incantations pronounced by priests, soothsayers, and goetae. And there was a truth at the foundation of this belief, however it may have been perverted by heathenism into phantasy and superstition. When God endows a man with supernatural powers of His word and Spirit, he also confers upon him the power of working upon others in a supernatural way. Man, in fact, by virtue of the real connection between his spirit and the higher spiritual world, is able to appropriate to himself supernatural powers, and make them subservient to the purpose of sin and wickedness, so as to practise magic and witchcraft with them, arts which we cannot pronounce either mere delusion or pure superstition, since the scriptures of both the Old and New Testaments speak of witchcraft, and condemn it as a real power of evil and of the kingdom of darkness. Even in the narrative itself, the power of Balaam to bless and to curse is admitted; and, in addition to this, it is frequently celebrated as a great favour displayed towards Israel, that the Lord did not hearken to Balaam, but turned the curse into a blessing (Deuteronomy 23:5; Joshua 24:10; Micah 6:3; Nehemiah 13:2). This power of Balaam is not therefore traced, it is true, to the might of heathen deities, but to the might of Jehovah, whose name Balaam confessed; but yet the possibility is assumed of his curse doing actual, and not merely imaginary, harm to the Israelites. Moreover, the course of the history shows that in his heart Balaam was very much inclined to fulfil the desire of the king of the Moabites, and that this subjective inclination of his was overpowered by the objective might of the Spirit of Jehovah.

Numbers 22:12 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Balaam, Thou shalt

Numbers 22:20 And God came to Balaam at night, and said to him, If the men come to call you, rise up, and go with them...

Job 33:15-17 In a dream, in a vision of the night, when deep sleep falls on men, in slumberings on the bed...

Matthew 27:19 When he was set down on the judgment seat, his wife sent to him, saying, Have you nothing to do with that just man...

thou shalt not curse

Numbers 22:19 Now therefore, I pray you, tarry you also here this night, that I may know what the LORD will say to me more.

Numbers 23:3,13-15,19,23 And Balaam said to Balak, Stand by your burnt offering, and I will go: peradventure the LORD will come to meet me...

Micah 6:5 O my people, remember now what Balak king of Moab consulted, and what Balaam the son of Beor answered him from Shittim to Gilgal...

for they

Numbers 23:20 Behold, I have received commandment to bless: and he has blessed; and I cannot reverse it.

Genesis 12:2 And I will make of you a great nation, and I will bless you, and make your name great; and you shall be a blessing:

Genesis 22:16-18 And said, By myself have I sworn, said the LORD, for because you have done this thing, and have not withheld your son, your only son...

Deuteronomy 23:5 Nevertheless the LORD your God would not listen to Balaam; but the LORD your God turned the curse into a blessing to you...

Deuteronomy 33:29 Happy are you, O Israel: who is like to you, O people saved by the LORD, the shield of your help...

Psalm 144:15 Happy is that people, that is in such a case: yes, happy is that people, whose God is the LORD.

Psalm 146:5 Happy is he that has the God of Jacob for his help, whose hope is in the LORD his God:

Romans 4:6,7 Even as David also describes the blessedness of the man, to whom God imputes righteousness without works...

Romans 11:29 For the gifts and calling of God are without repentance.

Ephesians 1:3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us with all spiritual blessings in heavenly places in Christ:

Cross References
Genesis 12:2
And I will make of you a great nation, and I will bless you and make your name great, so that you will be a blessing.

Genesis 22:17
I will surely bless you, and I will surely multiply your offspring as the stars of heaven and as the sand that is on the seashore. And your offspring shall possess the gate of his enemies,

Numbers 22:6
Come now, curse this people for me, since they are too mighty for me. Perhaps I shall be able to defeat them and drive them from the land, for I know that he whom you bless is blessed, and he whom you curse is cursed."

Numbers 22:11
Behold, a people has come out of Egypt, and it covers the face of the earth. Now come, curse them for me. Perhaps I shall be able to fight against them and drive them out.'"

Numbers 22:13
So Balaam rose in the morning and said to the princes of Balak, "Go to your own land, for the LORD has refused to let me go with you."

Numbers 23:8
How can I curse whom God has not cursed? How can I denounce whom the LORD has not denounced?

Numbers 23:20
Behold, I received a command to bless: he has blessed, and I cannot revoke it.

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