Numbers 30:13
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Any vow and any binding oath to afflict herself, her husband may establish, or her husband may make void.

King James Bible
Every vow, and every binding oath to afflict the soul, her husband may establish it, or her husband may make it void.

American Standard Version
Every vow, and every binding oath to afflict the soul, her husband may establish it, or her husband may make it void.

Douay-Rheims Bible
If she vow and bind herself by oath, to afflict her soul by fasting, or abstinence from other things, it shall depend on the will of her husband, whether she shall do it, or not do it.

English Revised Version
Every vow, and every binding oath to afflict the soul, her husband may establish it, or her husband may make it void.

Webster's Bible Translation
Every vow, and every binding oath to afflict the soul, her husband may establish it, or her husband may make it void.

Numbers 30:13 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Numbers 30:3-15 contain the rules relating to positive and negative vows made by a woman, and four different examples are given. The first case (Numbers 30:3-5) is that of a woman in her youth, while still unmarried, and living in her father's house. If she made a vow of performance or abstinence, and her father heard of it and remained silent, it was to stand, i.e., to remain in force. But if her father held her back when he heard of it, i.e., forbade her fulfilling it, it was not to stand or remain in force, and Jehovah would forgive her because of her father's refusal. Obedience to a father stood higher than a self-imposed religious service. - The second case (Numbers 30:6-8) was that of a vow of performance or abstinence, made by a woman before her marriage, and brought along with her (עליה, "upon herself") into her marriage. In such a case the husband had to decide as to its validity, in the same way as the father before her marriage. In the day when he heard of it he could hold back his wife, i.e., dissolve her vow; but if he did not do this at once, he could not hinder its fulfilment afterwards. שׂפתיה מבטא, gossip of her lips, that which is uttered thoughtlessly or without reflection (cf. Leviticus 5:4). This expression implies that vows of abstinence were often made by unmarried women without thought or reflection. - The third case (Numbers 30:9) was that of a vow made by a widow or divorced woman. Such a vow had full force, because the woman was not dependent upon a husband. - The fourth case (Numbers 30:10-12) was that of a vow made by a wife in her married state. Such a vow was to remain in force if her husband remained silent when he heard of it, and did not restrain her. On the other hand, it was to have no force if her husband dissolved it at once. After this there follows the general statement (Numbers 30:13-16), that a husband could establish or dissolve every vow of performance or abstinence made by his wife. If, however, he remained silent "from day to day," he confirmed it by his silence; and if afterwards he should declare it void, he was to bear his wife's iniquity. עונה, the sin which the wife would have had to bear if she had broken the vow of her own accord. This consisted either in a sin-offering to expiate her sin (Leviticus 5:4.); or if this was omitted, in the punishment which God suspended over the sin (Leviticus 5:1).

Numbers 30:13 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

and every

1 Corinthians 11:3,9 But I would have you know, that the head of every man is Christ; and the head of the woman is the man; and the head of Christ is God...

1 Peter 3:1-6 Likewise, you wives, be in subjection to your own husbands; that, if any obey not the word...

to afflict

Numbers 29:7 And you shall have on the tenth day of this seventh month an holy convocation; and you shall afflict your souls...

Leviticus 16:29 And this shall be a statute for ever to you: that in the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, you shall afflict your souls...

Leviticus 23:27,32 Also on the tenth day of this seventh month there shall be a day of atonement: it shall be an holy convocation to you...

Ezra 8:21 Then I proclaimed a fast there, at the river of Ahava, that we might afflict ourselves before our God...

Psalm 35:13 But as for me, when they were sick, my clothing was sackcloth: I humbled my soul with fasting...

Isaiah 58:5 Is it such a fast that I have chosen? a day for a man to afflict his soul? is it to bow down his head as a bulrush...

1 Corinthians 7:5 Defraud you not one the other, except it be with consent for a time, that you may give yourselves to fasting and prayer...

Cross References
Numbers 30:12
But if her husband makes them null and void on the day that he hears them, then whatever proceeds out of her lips concerning her vows or concerning her pledge of herself shall not stand. Her husband has made them void, and the LORD will forgive her.

Numbers 30:14
But if her husband says nothing to her from day to day, then he establishes all her vows or all her pledges that are upon her. He has established them, because he said nothing to her on the day that he heard of them.

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