Numbers 31:32
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Now the plunder remaining of the spoil that the army took was 675,000 sheep,

King James Bible
And the booty, being the rest of the prey which the men of war had caught, was six hundred thousand and seventy thousand and five thousand sheep,

American Standard Version
Now the prey, over and above the booty which the men of war took, was six hundred thousand and seventy thousand and five thousand sheep,

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the spoil which the army had taken, was six hundred seventy-five thousand sheep,

English Revised Version
Now the prey, over and above the booty which the men of war took, was six hundred thousand and seventy thousand and five thousand sheep,

Webster's Bible Translation
And the booty, being the rest of the prey which the men of war had taken, was six hundred thousand and seventy thousand and five thousand sheep,

Numbers 31:32 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Distribution of the Booty. - God directed Moses, with Eleazar and the heads of the fathers' houses ("fathers" for "fathers' houses:" see at Exodus 6:14) of the congregation, to take the whole of the booty in men and cattle, and divide it into two halves: one for the men of war (המּלחמה תּפשׂי, those who grasped at war, who engaged in war), the other for the congregation, and to levy a tribute upon it (מכס equals מכסה, computatio, a certain amount: see Exodus 12:4) for Jehovah. Of the half that came to the warriors, one person and one head of cattle were to be handed over to Eleazar the priest out of every 500 (i.e., one-fifth per cent.), as a heave-offering for Jehovah; and of the other half that was set apart for the children of Israel, i.e., for the congregation, one out of every fifty (i.e., 2 per cent.) was to be taken for the Levites. אחז, laid hold of, i.e., snatched out of the whole number during the process of counting; not seized or touched by the lot, as in 1 Chronicles 24:6, as there was no reason for resorting to the lot in this instance. The division of the booty into two equal halves, one of which was given to the warriors, and the other to the congregation that had taken no part in the war, was perfectly reasonable and just. As the 12,000 warriors had been chosen out of the whole congregation to carry on the war on their behalf, the congregation itself could properly lay claim to its share of the booty. But as the 12,000 had had all the trouble, hardships, and dangers of the war, they could very properly reckon upon some reward for their service; and this was granted them by their receiving quite as much as the whole of the congregation which had taken no part in the war-in fact, more, because the warriors only gave one-fifth per cent. of their share as a thank-offering for the victory that had been granted them, whilst those who remained at home had to give 2 per cent. of their share to Jehovah for the benefit of the priests and Levites. The arrangement, however, was only made for this particular case, and not as a law for all times, although it was a general rule that those who remained at home received a share of the booty brought back by the warriors (cf. Joshua 22:8; 1 Samuel 30:24-25; 2 Macc. 8:28, 30).

Numbers 31:32 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the booty. It appears from the enumeration here, that the Israelites, in this war with the Midianites, took

32,000 female prisoners,

61,000 asses,

72,000 beeves, and

675,000 sheep and small cattle; besides the immense number of males who fell in battle, and the women and children who were slain by the divine command. This booty was divided into equal parts, by which partition a far larger share was justly given to the warriors employed on the expedition, who were only

12,000, than to those, who being equally willing to go, were ordered to stay in the camp. Each party was to give a certain proportion to Jehovah, as their sovereign, in grateful acknowledgement that to him they owed their success. The soldiers to give to the Lord one out of every five hundred persons, beeves, asses, and sheep. and the people, who by staying at home risked nothing, and had no fatigue, were to give one out of fifty of each of the above to the Levites, who were far more numerous than the priests. The booty, its division among the soldiers and people, and the proportion given by each to the Lord and to the Levites, will be seen at one view by the following table:

Sheep .....

675,000
To soldiers ....337,500
To God .........

675
To people ......337,500
To God .........

72
To people.......

36,000
To Levites......

720

Asses........61,000
To soldiers.....

30,500
To God..........

61
To people.......

30,500
To Levites......

610

Persons......

32,000
To soldiers.....

16,000
To God..........

32
To people.......

16,000
To Levites......

320

It does not appear that a single ox, sheep, or ass, was required by Moses as his portion; or that there was any given to him by the people; and though he had a family as well as others, yet no provision was made for them above the common lot of Levites!

Numbers 31:31
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