Numbers 5:28
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
But if the woman has not defiled herself and is clean, then she shall be free and shall conceive children.

King James Bible
And if the woman be not defiled, but be clean; then she shall be free, and shall conceive seed.

American Standard Version
And if the woman be not defiled, but be clean; then she shall be free, and shall conceive seed.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But if she be not defiled, she shall not be hurt, and shall bear children.

English Revised Version
And if the woman be not defiled, but be clean; then she shall be free, and shall conceive seed.

Webster's Bible Translation
And if the woman is not defiled, but is clean; then she shall be free, and shall conceive seed.

Numbers 5:28 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The oath which the priest required her to take is called, in Numbers 5:21, האלה שׁבעת, "oath of cursing" (see Genesis 26:28); but it first of all presupposes the possibility of the woman being innocent, and contains the assurance, that in that case the curse-water would do her no harm. "If no (other) man has lain with thee, and thou hast not gone aside to union (טמאה, accus. of more precise definition, as in Leviticus 15:2, Leviticus 15:18), under thy husband," i.e., as a wife subject to thy husband (Ezekiel 23:5; Hosea 4:12), "then remain free from the water of bitterness, this curse-bringing," i.e., from the effects of this curse-water. The imperative is a sign of certain assurance (see Genesis 12:2; Genesis 20:7; cf. Ges. 130, 1). "But if thou hast gone aside under thy husband, if thou hast defiled thyself, and a man has given thee his seed beside thy husband,"...(the priest shall proceed to say; this is the meaning of the repetition of לאשּׁה...והשׁבּיע, Numbers 5:21), "Jehovah shall make thee a curse and an oath among thy people, by making thy hip to fall and thy belly to swell; and this curse-bringing water shall come into thy bowels, to make the belly to vanish and the hip to fall." To this oath that was spoken before her the woman was to reply, "true, true," or "truly, truly," and thus confirm it as taken by herself (cf. Deuteronomy 27:15.; Nehemiah 5:13). It cannot be determined with any certainty what was the nature of the disease threatened in this curse. Michaelis supposes it to be dropsy of the ovary (hydrops ovarii), in which a tumour is formed in the place of the ovarium, which may even swell so as to contain 100 lbs. of fluid, and with which the patient becomes dreadfully emaciated. Josephus says it is ordinary dropsy (hydrops ascites: Ant. iii. 11, 6). At any rate, the idea of the curse is this: Δι ̓ ὧν γὰρ ἡ ἁμαρτία, διὰ τούτων ἡ τιμωρία ("the punishment shall come from the same source as the sin," Theodoret). The punishment was to answer exactly to the crime, and to fall upon those bodily organs which had been the instruments of the woman's sin, viz., the organs of child-bearing.

Numbers 5:28 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

and if

Numbers 5:19 And the priest shall charge her by an oath, and say to the woman, If no man have lain with you...

Micah 7:7-10 Therefore I will look to the LORD; I will wait for the God of my salvation: my God will hear me...

2 Corinthians 4:17 For our light affliction, which is but for a moment, works for us a far more exceeding and eternal weight of glory;

1 Peter 1:7 That the trial of your faith, being much more precious than of gold that perishes, though it be tried with fire...

and shall

Psalm 113:9 He makes the barren woman to keep house, and to be a joyful mother of children. Praise you the LORD.

Cross References
Numbers 5:27
And when he has made her drink the water, then, if she has defiled herself and has broken faith with her husband, the water that brings the curse shall enter into her and cause bitter pain, and her womb shall swell, and her thigh shall fall away, and the woman shall become a curse among her people.

Numbers 5:29
"This is the law in cases of jealousy, when a wife, though under her husband's authority, goes astray and defiles herself,

Deuteronomy 24:1
"When a man takes a wife and marries her, if then she finds no favor in his eyes because he has found some indecency in her, and he writes her a certificate of divorce and puts it in her hand and sends her out of his house, and she departs out of his house,

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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