Numbers 8:12
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Then the Levites shall lay their hands on the heads of the bulls, and you shall offer the one for a sin offering and the other for a burnt offering to the LORD to make atonement for the Levites.

King James Bible
And the Levites shall lay their hands upon the heads of the bullocks: and thou shalt offer the one for a sin offering, and the other for a burnt offering, unto the LORD, to make an atonement for the Levites.

American Standard Version
And the Levites shall lay their hands upon the heads of the bullocks: and offer thou the one for a sin-offering, and the other for a burnt-offering, unto Jehovah, to make atonement for the Levites.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The Levites also shall put their hands upon the heads of the oxen, of which thou shalt sacrifice one for sin, and the other for a holocaust to the Lord, to pray for them.

English Revised Version
And the Levites shall lay their hands upon the heads of the bullocks: and offer thou the one for a sin offering, and the other for a burnt offering, unto the LORD, to make atonement for the Levites.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the Levites shall lay their hands upon the heads of the bullocks: and thou shalt offer the one for a sin-offering, and the other for a burnt-offering, to the LORD, to make an atonement for the Levites.

Numbers 8:12 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Consecration of the Levites for their service in the sanctuary. - The choice of the Levites for service in the sanctuary, in the place of the first-born of the people generally, has been already noticed in Numbers 3:5., and the duties binding upon them in Numbers 4:4. But before entering upon their duties they were to be consecrated to the work, and then formally handed over to the priests. This consecration is commanded in Numbers 8:7., and is not called קדּשׁ, like the consecration of the priests (Exodus 29:1; Leviticus 8:11), but טהר to cleanse. It consisted in sprinkling them with sin-water, shaving off the whole of the hair from their bodies, and washing their clothes, accompanied by a sacrificial ceremony, by which they were presented symbolically to the Lord as a sacrifice for His service. The first part of this ceremony had reference to outward purification, and represented cleansing from the defilement of sin; hence the performance of it is called התחטּא (to cleanse from sin) in Numbers 8:21. "Sprinkle sin-water upon them." The words are addressed to Moses, who had to officiate at the inauguration of the Levites, as he had already done at that of the priests. "Water of sin" is water having reference to sin, designed to remove it, just as the sacrifice offered for the expiation of sin is called חטּאת (sin) in Leviticus 4:14, etc.; whilst the "water of uncleanness" in Numbers 19:9, Numbers 19:13, signifies water by which uncleanness was removed or wiped away. The nature of this purifying water is not explained, and cannot be determined with any certainty. We find directions for preparing sprinkling water in a peculiar manner, for the purpose of cleansing persons who were cured of leprosy, in Leviticus 14:5., 50ff.; and also for cleansing both persons and houses that had been defiled by a corpse, in Numbers 19:9. Neither of these, however, was applicable to the cleansing of the Levites, as they were both of them composed of significant ingredients, which stood in the closest relation to the special cleansing to be effected by them, and had evidently no adaptation to the purification of the Levites. At the same time, the expression "sin-water" precludes our understanding it to mean simply clean water. So that nothing remains but to regard it as referring to the water in the laver of the sanctuary, which was provided for the purpose of cleansing the priests for the performance of their duties (Exodus 30:18.), and might therefore be regarded by virtue of this as cleansing from sin, and be called "sin-water" in consequence. "And they shall cause the razor to pass over their whole body," i.e., shave off all the hair upon their body, "and wash their clothes, and so cleanse themselves." תּער העביר is to be distinguished from גּלּח. The latter signifies to make balk or shave the hair entirely off, which was required of the leper when he was cleansed (Leviticus 14:8-9); the former signifies merely cutting the hair, which was part of the regular mode of adorning the body. The Levites also were not required to bathe their bodies, as lepers were (Leviticus 13:8-9), and also the priests at their consecration (Leviticus 8:6), because they were not affected with any special uncleanness, and their duties did not require them to touch the most holy instruments of worship. The washing of the clothes, on the other hand, was a thing generally required as a preparation for acts of worship (Genesis 35:2; Exodus 19:10), and was omitted in the case of the consecration of the priests, simply because they received a holy official dress. הטּהרוּ for הטּהרוּ, as in 2 Chronicles 30:18.

Numbers 8:12 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

levites

Exodus 29:10 And you shall cause a bullock to be brought before the tabernacle of the congregation...

Leviticus 1:4 And he shall put his hand on the head of the burnt offering; and it shall be accepted for him to make atonement for him.

Leviticus 8:14 And he brought the bullock for the sin offering: and Aaron and his sons laid their hands on the head of the bullock for the sin offering...

Leviticus 16:21 And Aaron shall lay both his hands on the head of the live goat, and confess over him all the iniquities of the children of Israel...

the one

Numbers 8:8 Then let them take a young bullock with his meat offering, even fine flour mingled with oil...

Numbers 6:14,16 And he shall offer his offering to the LORD, one he lamb of the first year without blemish for a burnt offering...

Leviticus 5:7,9,10 And if he be not able to bring a lamb, then he shall bring for his trespass, which he has committed, two turtledoves...

Leviticus 8:14,18 And he brought the bullock for the sin offering: and Aaron and his sons laid their hands on the head of the bullock for the sin offering...

Leviticus 9:7 And Moses said to Aaron, Go to the altar, and offer your sin offering, and your burnt offering, and make an atonement for yourself...

Leviticus 14:19,20,22 And the priest shall offer the sin offering, and make an atonement for him that is to be cleansed from his uncleanness...

Hebrews 10:4-10 For it is not possible that the blood of bulls and of goats should take away sins...

atonement

Leviticus 1:4 And he shall put his hand on the head of the burnt offering; and it shall be accepted for him to make atonement for him.

Leviticus 4:20,35 And he shall do with the bullock as he did with the bullock for a sin offering, so shall he do with this...

Leviticus 8:34 As he has done this day, so the LORD has commanded to do, to make an atonement for you.

Leviticus 16:6,11,16-19 And Aaron shall offer his bullock of the sin offering, which is for himself, and make an atonement for himself, and for his house...

Hebrews 9:22 And almost all things are by the law purged with blood; and without shedding of blood is no remission.

Cross References
Exodus 29:10
"Then you shall bring the bull before the tent of meeting. Aaron and his sons shall lay their hands on the head of the bull.

Leviticus 4:4
He shall bring the bull to the entrance of the tent of meeting before the LORD and lay his hand on the head of the bull and kill the bull before the LORD.

Leviticus 4:15
And the elders of the congregation shall lay their hands on the head of the bull before the LORD, and the bull shall be killed before the LORD.

Numbers 8:13
And you shall set the Levites before Aaron and his sons, and shall offer them as a wave offering to the LORD.

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