Proverbs 10:11
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
The mouth of the righteous is a fountain of life, but the mouth of the wicked conceals violence.

King James Bible
The mouth of a righteous man is a well of life: but violence covereth the mouth of the wicked.

American Standard Version
The mouth of the righteous is a fountain of life; But violence covereth the mouth of the wicked.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The mouth of the just is a vein of life: and the mouth of the wicked covereth iniquity.

English Revised Version
The mouth of the righteous is a fountain of life: but violence covereth the mouth of the wicked.

Webster's Bible Translation
The mouth of a righteous man is a well of life: but violence covereth the mouth of the wicked.

Proverbs 10:11 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

There is now added a proverb which, thus standing at the beginning of the collection, and connecting itself with Proverbs 10:1, stamps on it the character of a book for youth:

He that gathereth in summer is a wise son;

But he that is sunk in sleep in the time of harvest is a son that causeth shame.

Von Hofmann (Schriftb. ii. 2. 403) rightly interprets בּן משׂכּיל and בּן מבישׁ, with Cocceius and others, as the subject, and not with Hitzig as predicate, for in nominal clauses the rule is to place the predicate before the subject; and since an accurate expression of the inverted relation would both times require הוא referring to the subject, so we here abide by the usual syntax: he that gathers in summer time is... Also the relation of the members of the sentence, Proverbs 19:26, is a parallel from which it is evident that the misguided son is called מבישׁ as causing shame, although in הבישׁ the idea to put to shame ( equals to act so that others are ashamed) and to act shamefully (disgracefully), as in השׂכיל the ideas to have insight and to act intelligently, lie into one another (cf. Proverbs 14:35); the root-meaning of השׂכיל is determined after שׂכל, which from שׂכל, complicare, designates the intellect as the faculty of intellectual configuration. בּושׁ, properly disturbari, proceeds from a similar conception as the Lat. confundi (pudore). קיץ and קציר fall together, for קיץ (from קוץ equals qât, to be glowing hot) is just the time of the קציר; vid., under Genesis 8:22. To the activity of a thoughtful ingathering, אגר, for a future store (vid., Proverbs 6:7), stands opposed deep sleep, i.e., the state of one sunk in idleness. נרדּם means, as Schultens has already shown, somno penitus obrui, omni sensu obstructo et oppilato quasi, from רדם, to fill, to shut up, to conclude; the derivation (which has been adopted since Gesenius) from the Arab. word having the same sound, rdm, stridere, to shrill, to rattle (but not stertere, to snore), lies remote in the Niph., and also contradicts the usage of the word, according to which it designates a state in which all free activity is bound, and all reference to the external world is interrupted; cf. תּרדּמה, Proverbs 19:15, of dulness, apathy, somnolency in the train of slothfulness. The lxx has here one distich more than the Hebr. text.

Proverbs 10:11 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

mouth

Proverbs 10:20,21,32 The tongue of the just is as choice silver: the heart of the wicked is little worth...

Proverbs 13:14 The law of the wise is a fountain of life, to depart from the snares of death.

Proverbs 15:7 The lips of the wise disperse knowledge: but the heart of the foolish does not so.

Proverbs 16:22-24 Understanding is a wellspring of life to him that has it: but the instruction of fools is folly...

Proverbs 18:4 The words of a man's mouth are as deep waters, and the wellspring of wisdom as a flowing brook.

Proverbs 20:15 There is gold, and a multitude of rubies: but the lips of knowledge are a precious jewel.

Psalm 37:30,31 The mouth of the righteous speaks wisdom, and his tongue talks of judgment...

Ephesians 4:29 Let no corrupt communication proceed out of your mouth, but that which is good to the use of edifying...

but

Psalm 107:42 The righteous shall see it, and rejoice: and all iniquity shall stop her mouth.

Ecclesiastes 10:12-14 The words of a wise man's mouth are gracious; but the lips of a fool will swallow up himself...

Matthew 12:34-37 O generation of vipers, how can you, being evil, speak good things? for out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaks...

James 3:5-8 Even so the tongue is a little member, and boasts great things. Behold, how great a matter a little fire kindles!...

Cross References
Psalm 37:30
The mouth of the righteous utters wisdom, and his tongue speaks justice.

Proverbs 10:6
Blessings are on the head of the righteous, but the mouth of the wicked conceals violence.

Proverbs 10:21
The lips of the righteous feed many, but fools die for lack of sense.

Proverbs 13:14
The teaching of the wise is a fountain of life, that one may turn away from the snares of death.

Proverbs 18:4
The words of a man's mouth are deep waters; the fountain of wisdom is a bubbling brook.

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