Proverbs 10:14
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
The wise lay up knowledge, but the mouth of a fool brings ruin near.

King James Bible
Wise men lay up knowledge: but the mouth of the foolish is near destruction.

American Standard Version
Wise men lay up knowledge; But the mouth of the foolish is a present destruction.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Wise men lay up knowledge: but the mouth of the fool is next to confusion.

English Revised Version
Wise men lay up knowledge: but the mouth of the foolish is a present destruction.

Webster's Bible Translation
Wise men lay up knowledge: but the mouth of the foolish is near destruction.

Proverbs 10:14 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

There follows now a series of proverbs in which reference to sins of the mouth and their contrary prevails:

He that is wise in heart receives precepts;

But he that is of a foolish mouth comes to ruin.

A חכם־לב, wise-hearted, as one whose heart is חכם, Proverbs 23:15; in a word, a נבון, a person of understanding or judgment, Proverbs 16:21. Such an one does not make his own knowledge the ne plus ultra, nor does he make his own will the noli me tangere; but he takes commands, i.e., instructions directing or prohibiting, to which he willingly subordinates himself as the outflow of a higher knowledge and will, and by which he sets bounds and limits to himself. But a fool of the lips, i.e., a braggart blunderer, one pleasing himself with vain talk (Proverbs 14:23), falls prostrate, for he thinks that he knows all things better, and will take no pattern; but while he boasts himself from on high, suddenly all at once - for he offends against the fundamental principle of common life and of morality - he comes to lie low down on the ground. The Syr. and Targ. translate ילּבט by, he is caught (Bertheau, ensnared); Aquila, Vulgate, Luther, δαρήσεται, he is slain; Symmachus, βασανισθήσεται; but all without any support in the usage of the language known to us. Theodotion, φυρήσεται, he is confounded, is not tenable; Joseph Kimchi, who after David Kimchi, under Hosea 4:14, appeals in support of this meaning (ישׁתבשׁ, similarly Parchon: יתבלבל) to the Arabic, seems to think on iltibâs, confusion. The demonstrable meanings of the verb לבט are the following: 1. To occasion trouble. Thus Mechilta, under Exodus 17:14, לבטוהו, one has imposed upon him trouble; Sifri, under Numbers 11:1, נתלבטנו, we are tired, according to which Rashi: he fatigues himself, but which fits neither to the subj. nor to the contrast, which is to be supposed. The same may be said of the meaning of the Syr. lbt, to drive on, to press, which without doubt accords with the former meaning of the word in the language of the Midrash. 2. In Arab. labaṭ (R. lab, vid., Wnsche's Hos. p. 172), to throw any one down to the earth, so that he falls with his whole body his whole length; the passive נלבט, to be thus thrown down by another, or to throw oneself thus down, figuratively of one who falls hopelessly into evil and destruction (Fl.). The Arabic verb is also used of the springing run of the animal ridden on (to gallop), and of the being lame (to hop), according to which in the Lex. the explanations, he hurries, or he wavers hither and thither, are offered by Kimchi (Graec. Venet. πλανηθήσεται). But the former of these explanations, corruit ( equals in calamitatem ruit), placed much nearer by the Arabic, is confirmed by the lxx ὑποσκελισθήσεται, and by the Bershith rabba, c. 52, where לבט is used in the sense to be ruined ( equals נכשׁל). Hitzig changes the passive into the active: "he throws the offered לקח scornfully to the ground," but the contrast does not require this. The wanton, arrogant boasting lies already in the designation of the subj. אויל שׂפתים; and the sequel involves, as a consequence, the contrasted consequence of ready reception of the limitations and guidance of his own will by a higher.

Proverbs 10:14 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

lay

Proverbs 1:5 A wise man will hear, and will increase learning; and a man of understanding shall attain to wise counsels:

Proverbs 9:9 Give instruction to a wise man, and he will be yet wiser: teach a just man, and he will increase in learning.

Proverbs 18:1,15 Through desire a man, having separated himself, seeks and intermeddles with all wisdom...

Proverbs 19:8 He that gets wisdom loves his own soul: he that keeps understanding shall find good.

Matthew 12:35 A good man out of the good treasure of the heart brings forth good things...

Matthew 13:44,52 Again, the kingdom of heaven is like to treasure hid in a field; the which when a man has found, he hides...

2 Corinthians 4:6,7 For God, who commanded the light to shine out of darkness, has shined in our hearts...

the mouth

Proverbs 10:8,10 The wise in heart will receive commandments: but a prating fool shall fall...

Proverbs 13:3 He that keeps his mouth keeps his life: but he that opens wide his lips shall have destruction.

Proverbs 18:7 A fool's mouth is his destruction, and his lips are the snare of his soul.

Proverbs 21:23 Whoever keeps his mouth and his tongue keeps his soul from troubles.

Cross References
Proverbs 9:9
Give instruction to a wise man, and he will be still wiser; teach a righteous man, and he will increase in learning.

Proverbs 10:8
The wise of heart will receive commandments, but a babbling fool will come to ruin.

Proverbs 10:10
Whoever winks the eye causes trouble, and a babbling fool will come to ruin.

Proverbs 12:23
A prudent man conceals knowledge, but the heart of fools proclaims folly.

Proverbs 13:3
Whoever guards his mouth preserves his life; he who opens wide his lips comes to ruin.

Proverbs 18:7
A fool's mouth is his ruin, and his lips are a snare to his soul.

Ecclesiastes 10:12
The words of a wise man's mouth win him favor, but the lips of a fool consume him.

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