Proverbs 11:23
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
The desire of the righteous ends only in good, the expectation of the wicked in wrath.

King James Bible
The desire of the righteous is only good: but the expectation of the wicked is wrath.

American Standard Version
The desire of the righteous is only good; But the expectation of the wicked is wrath.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The desire of the just is all good: the expectation of the wicked is indignation.

English Revised Version
The desire of the righteous is only good: but the expectation of the wicked is wrath.

Webster's Bible Translation
The desire of the righteous is only good: but the expectation of the wicked is wrath.

Proverbs 11:23 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Three proverbs regarding benevolence:

17 The benevolent man doeth good to his own soul,

     And the violent man brings trouble on his own flesh.

Many interpreters reverse the relation of subject and predicate (Targ. only in 17b, after the phrase ודמוביד, for which the Syr. has only ומובד): qui sibi ipsi benefacit, is quidem erga alios quoque benignus praesumitur, quum caritas ordinata a se ipsa incipiat; qui vero carnem suam male habet, est crudelis erga alios (Michaelis). But this cannot be established; for certainly it occurs that whoever does good to himself does good also to others, and that whoever is hard against himself also judges and treats others harshly; but in by far the greatest number of cases the fact is this, that he who does not deny anything to himself is in relation to others an egoist, and this is not a "benevolent man;" and, on the contrary, that he who denies to himself lawful enjoyments is in relation to others capable of self-denial and self-sacrifice, and thus is the contrast of a "violent man." The word of Sirach, 14:5, ὁ πονηρὸς ἑαυτῷ τίνα ἀγαθὸς ἔσται, to which Bertheau appeals, alludes to the niggard, and it is true indeed that this עכר שׁארו, but not every עכר שׁארו, is a niggard. Thus the "benevolent man" and the "violent man" will be the two subject conceptions, and as it is said of the benevolent (חסר as e.g., Hosea 6:6, of a more restricted sense, as Isaiah 57:1) that he does good (גּמל, viz., טוב, Proverbs 31:12), so of the violent (unmerciful) (אכזרי as Proverbs 12:20; Jeremiah 6:23; Jeremiah 50:42) that he brings evil on his own flesh (lxx αὐτοῦ σῶμα); for שׁארו as a parallel word to נפשׁו (cf. p. 141) signifies not blood-relations (Symm., Jerome, Luther, and Grotius), but it has here, as at Micah 3:2, its nearest signification, from which it then comes to signify those who are of our flesh and blood. But for that reason the meaning of the poet cannot be that given by Elster: "he who exercises benevolence toward others creates within himself a determination which penetrates his whole being with generous and fruitful warmth, as on the other hand the feeling of hatred deprives the heart of him who cherishes it of the true fountain of life." If this were meant, then soul and spirit, not soul and flesh, would stand in parallelism. The weal and woe refers thus to the divine retribution which requites the conduct of a man toward his neighbours, according to its character, with reward or punishment (Hitzig, Zckler).

Proverbs 11:23 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

desire

Psalm 10:17 LORD, you have heard the desire of the humble: you will prepare their heart, you will cause your ear to hear:

Psalm 27:4 One thing have I desired of the LORD, that will I seek after; that I may dwell in the house of the LORD all the days of my life...

Psalm 37:4 Delight yourself also in the LORD: and he shall give you the desires of your heart.

Psalm 39:7,8 And now, Lord, what wait I for? my hope is in you...

Psalm 119:5,10 O that my ways were directed to keep your statutes!...

Isaiah 26:9 With my soul have I desired you in the night; yes, with my spirit within me will I seek you early...

Jeremiah 17:16 As for me, I have not hastened from being a pastor to follow you: neither have I desired the woeful day; you know...

Matthew 5:6 Blessed are they which do hunger and thirst after righteousness: for they shall be filled.

expectation

Proverbs 11:7 When a wicked man dies, his expectation shall perish: and the hope of unjust men perishes.

Proverbs 10:28 The hope of the righteous shall be gladness: but the expectation of the wicked shall perish.

Romans 2:8,9 But to them that are contentious, and do not obey the truth, but obey unrighteousness, indignation and wrath...

Hebrews 10:27 But a certain fearful looking for of judgment and fiery indignation, which shall devour the adversaries.

Cross References
Romans 2:8
but for those who are self-seeking and do not obey the truth, but obey unrighteousness, there will be wrath and fury.

Romans 2:9
There will be tribulation and distress for every human being who does evil, the Jew first and also the Greek,

Proverbs 10:28
The hope of the righteous brings joy, but the expectation of the wicked will perish.

Proverbs 11:24
One gives freely, yet grows all the richer; another withholds what he should give, and only suffers want.

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