Proverbs 11:9
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
With his mouth the godless man would destroy his neighbor, but by knowledge the righteous are delivered.

King James Bible
An hypocrite with his mouth destroyeth his neighbour: but through knowledge shall the just be delivered.

American Standard Version
With his mouth the godless man destroyeth his neighbor; But through knowledge shall the righteous be delivered.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The dissembler with his mouth deceiveth his friend: but the just shall be delivered by knowledge.

English Revised Version
With his mouth the godless man destroyeth his neighbour: but through knowledge shall the righteous be delivered.

Webster's Bible Translation
A hypocrite with his mouth destroyeth his neighbor: but through knowledge shall the just be delivered.

Proverbs 11:9 Parallel
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

3 The integrity of the upright guideth them;

   But the perverseness of the ungodly destroyeth them.

To the upright, ישׁרים, who keep the line of rectitude without turning aside therefrom into devious paths (Psalm 125:4.), stand opposed (as at Proverbs 2:21.) the ungodly (faithless), בּגדים, who conceal (from בּגד, to cover, whence בּגד equals כּסוּת) malicious thoughts and plans. And the contrast of תּמּה, integrity equals unreserved loving submission, is סלף, a word peculiar to the Solomonic Mashal, with its verb סלּף (vid., p. 32). Hitzig explains it by the Arab. saraf, to step out, to tread over; and Ewald by lafat, to turn, to turn about ("treacherous, false step"), both of which are improbable. Schultens compares salaf in the meaning to smear (R. לף, לב, ἀλείφειν; cf. regarding such secondary formations with ש preceding, Hupfeld on Psalm 5:7), and translates here, lubricitas. But this rendering is scarcely admissible. It has against it lexical tradition (Menahem: מוטה, wavering; Perchon: זיוף, falsifying; Kimchi: עוות, misrepresentation, according to which the Graec. Venet. σκολιότης), as well as the methodical comparison of the words. The Syriac has not this verbal stem, but the Targum has סלף in the meaning to distort, to turn the wrong way (σκολιοῦν, στρεβλοῦν), Proverbs 10:10, and Esther 6:10, where, in the second Targum, פּוּמהּ אסתּלף means "his mouth was crooked." With justice, therefore, Gesenius in his Thesaurus has decided in favour of the fundamental idea pervertere, from which also the Peshito and Saadia proceed; for in Exodus 23:8 they translate (Syr.) mhapêk (it, the gift of bribery, perverts) and (Arab.) tazyf ( equals תּזיּף, it falsifies). Fl. also, who at Proverbs 15:4 remarks, "סלף, from סלף, to stir up, to turn over, so that the lowermost becomes the uppermost," gives the preference to this primary idea, in view of the Arab. salaf, invertere terram conserendi causa. It is moreover confirmed by salaf, praecedere, which is pervertere modified to praevertere. But how does סלף mean perversio (Theod. ὑποσκελισμός), in the sense of the overthrow prepared for thy neighbour? The parallels demand the sense of a condition peculiar to the word and conduct of the godless (treacherous), Proverbs 22:12 (cf. Exodus 23:8), Proverbs 19:3, thus perversitas, perversity; but this as contrary to truth and rectitude (opp. תּמּה), "perverseness," as we have translated it, for we understand by it want of rectitude (dishonesty) and untruthfulness. While the sincerity of the upright conducts them, and, so to say, forms their salvus conductus, which guards them against the danger of erring and of hostile assault, the perverseness of the treacherous destroys them; for the disfiguring of truth avenges itself against them, and they experience the reverse of the proverb, "das Ehrlich whrt am lngsten" (honesty endures the longest). The Chethı̂b ושׁדם (ושׁדּם) is an error of transcription; the Kerı̂ has the proper correction, ישׁדּם equals ישׁדדם, Jeremiah 5:6. Regarding שׁדד (whence שׁדּי), which, from its root-signification of making close and fast, denotes violence and destruction, vid., under Genesis 17.

Proverbs 11:9 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

an hypocrite or a wicked, profligate person, an infidel

1 Kings 13:18-22 He said to him, I am a prophet also as you are; and an angel spoke to me by the word of the LORD, saying...

1 Kings 22:6,22-23 Then the king of Israel gathered the prophets together, about four hundred men, and said to them...

Job 8:13 So are the paths of all that forget God; and the hypocrite's hope shall perish:

Job 34:30 That the hypocrite reign not, lest the people be ensnared.

Psalm 55:12,20,21 For it was not an enemy that reproached me; then I could have borne it...

Matthew 7:15 Beware of false prophets, which come to you in sheep's clothing, but inwardly they are ravening wolves.

Matthew 15:5-14 But you say, Whoever shall say to his father or his mother, It is a gift, by whatever you might be profited by me...

Acts 20:30 Also of your own selves shall men arise, speaking perverse things, to draw away disciples after them.

2 Corinthians 11:13-15 For such are false apostles, deceitful workers, transforming themselves into the apostles of Christ...

2 Thessalonians 2:8-10 And then shall that Wicked be revealed, whom the Lord shall consume with the spirit of his mouth...

1 Timothy 4:1-3 Now the Spirit speaks expressly, that in the latter times some shall depart from the faith, giving heed to seducing spirits...

2 Peter 2:1-3 But there were false prophets also among the people, even as there shall be false teachers among you...


Proverbs 2:10-16 When wisdom enters into your heart, and knowledge is pleasant to your soul...

Proverbs 4:5,6 Get wisdom, get understanding: forget it not; neither decline from the words of my mouth...

Proverbs 6:23,24 For the commandment is a lamp; and the law is light; and reproofs of instruction are the way of life...

Matthew 13:14,22,23 And in them is fulfilled the prophecy of Esaias, which said, By hearing you shall hear, and shall not understand...

Ephesians 4:13,14 Till we all come in the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, to a perfect man...

2 Peter 3:16-18 As also in all his letters, speaking in them of these things; in which are some things hard to be understood...

1 John 2:21,27 I have not written to you because you know not the truth, but because you know it, and that no lie is of the truth...

Cross References
Proverbs 11:6
The righteousness of the upright delivers them, but the treacherous are taken captive by their lust.

Proverbs 11:8
The righteous is delivered from trouble, and the wicked walks into it instead.

Proverbs 16:29
A man of violence entices his neighbor and leads him in a way that is not good.

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