Proverbs 12:4
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
An excellent wife is the crown of her husband, but she who brings shame is like rottenness in his bones.

King James Bible
A virtuous woman is a crown to her husband: but she that maketh ashamed is as rottenness in his bones.

American Standard Version
A worthy woman is the crown of her husband; But she that maketh ashamed is as rottenness in his bones.

Douay-Rheims Bible
A diligent woman is a crown to her husband: and she that doth things worthy of confusion, is a rottenness in his bones.

English Revised Version
A virtuous woman is a crown to her husband: but she that maketh ashamed is as rottenness in his bones.

Webster's Bible Translation
A virtuous woman is a crown to her husband: but she that maketh ashamed is as rottenness in his bones.

Proverbs 12:4 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

29 He that troubleth his own household shall inherit the wind,

     And a fool becomes servant to the wise in heart.

Jerome well translates: qui conturbat domum suam, for עכר closely corresponds to the Lat. turbare; but with what reference is the troubling or disturbing here meant? The Syr. translates 29a doubly, and refers it once to deceit, and the second time to the contrary of avarice; the lxx, by ὁ μὴ συμπεριφερόμενος τῷ ἑαυτοῦ οἴκῳ, understands one who acts towards his own not unsociably, or without affability, and thus not tyrannically. But עכר שׁארו Proverbs 11:17, is he who does not grudge to his own body that which is necessary; עכר ישׂראל is applied to Elijah, 1 Kings 18:17, on account of whose prayer there was a want of rain; and at Proverbs 15:27 it is the covetous who is spoken of as עכר בּיתו. The proverb has, accordingly, in the man who "troubles his own house" (Luth.), a niggard and sordid person (Hitzig) in view, one who does not give to his own, particularly to his own servants, a sufficiency of food and of necessary recreation. Far from raising himself by his household arrangements, he shall only inherit wind (ינחל, not as the Syr. translates, ינחיל, in the general signification to inherit, to obtain, as Proverbs 3:35; Proverbs 28:10, etc.), i.e., he goes always farther and farther back (for he deprives his servants of all pleasure and love for their work in seeking the prosperity of his house), till in the end the reality of his possession dissolves into nothing. Such conduct is not only loveless, but also foolish; and a foolish person (vid., regarding אויל at Proverbs 1:7) has no influence as the master of a house, and generally is unable to maintain his independence: "and the servant is a fool to him who is wise of heart." Thus the lxx (cf. also the lxx of Proverbs 10:5), Syr., Targ., Jerome, Graec. Venet., Luth. construe the sentence. The explanation, et servus stulti cordato (sc. addicitur), i.e., even the domestics of the covetous fool are at last partakers in the wise beneficence (Fl.), places 29b in an unnecessary connection with 29a, omits the verb, which is here scarcely superfluous, and is not demanded by the accentuation (cf. e.g., Proverbs 19:22).

Proverbs 12:4 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

virtuous

Proverbs 14:1 Every wise woman builds her house: but the foolish plucks it down with her hands.

Proverbs 19:13,14 A foolish son is the calamity of his father: and the contentions of a wife are a continual dropping...

Proverbs 31:10-25 Who can find a virtuous woman? for her price is far above rubies...

1 Corinthians 11:7,11 For a man indeed ought not to cover his head, for as much as he is the image and glory of God: but the woman is the glory of the man...

she

Proverbs 21:9,19 It is better to dwell in a corner of the housetop, than with a brawling woman in a wide house...

Proverbs 27:15,16 A continual dropping in a very rainy day and a contentious woman are alike...

as

Proverbs 14:30 A sound heart is the life of the flesh: but envy the rottenness of the bones.

Habakkuk 3:16 When I heard, my belly trembled; my lips quivered at the voice: rottenness entered into my bones, and I trembled in myself...

Cross References
1 Corinthians 11:7
For a man ought not to cover his head, since he is the image and glory of God, but woman is the glory of man.

Ruth 3:11
And now, my daughter, do not fear. I will do for you all that you ask, for all my fellow townsmen know that you are a worthy woman.

Proverbs 12:5
The thoughts of the righteous are just; the counsels of the wicked are deceitful.

Proverbs 14:30
A tranquil heart gives life to the flesh, but envy makes the bones rot.

Proverbs 18:22
He who finds a wife finds a good thing and obtains favor from the LORD.

Proverbs 31:10
An excellent wife who can find? She is far more precious than jewels.

Proverbs 31:11
The heart of her husband trusts in her, and he will have no lack of gain.

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