Proverbs 16:10
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
An oracle is on the lips of a king; his mouth does not sin in judgment.

King James Bible
A divine sentence is in the lips of the king: his mouth transgresseth not in judgment.

American Standard Version
A divine sentence is in the lips of the king; His mouth shall not transgress in judgment.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Divination is in the lips of the king, his mouth shall not err in judgment.

English Revised Version
A divine sentence is in the lips of the king: his mouth shall not transgress in judgment.

Webster's Bible Translation
A divine sentence is in the lips of the king: his mouth transgresseth not in judgment.

Proverbs 16:10 Parallel
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

4 Jahve hath made everything for its contemplated end;

   And also the wicked for the day of evil.

Everywhere else מענה means answer (Venet. πρὸς ἀπόκρισιν αὐτοῦ), which is not suitable here, especially with the absoluteness of the כּל; the Syr. and Targ. translate, obedientibus ei, which the words do not warrant; but also propter semet ipsum (Jerome, Theodotion, Luther) give to 4b no right parallelism, and, besides, would demand למענו or למענהוּ. The punctuation למּענהוּ, which is an anomaly (cf. כּגּברתּהּ, Isaiah 24:2, and בּערינוּ, Ezra 10:14), shows (Ewald) that here we have, not the prepositional למען, but ל with the subst. מענה, which in derivation and meaning is one with the form מעז abbreviated from it (cf. מעל, מער), similar in meaning to the Arab. ma'anyn, aim, intention, object, and end, and mind, from 'atay, to place opposite to oneself a matter, to make it the object of effort. Hitzig prefers למענה, but why not rather למענהוּ, for the proverb is not intended to express that all that God has made serve a purpose (by which one is reminded of the arguments for the existence of God from final causes, which are often prosecuted too far), but that all is made by God for its purpose, i.e., a purpose premeditated by Him, that the world of things and of events stands under the law of a plan, which has in God its ground and its end, and that also the wickedness of free agents is comprehended in this plan, and made subordinate to it. God has not indeed made the wicked as such, but He has made the being which is capable of wickedness, and which has decided for it, viz., in view of the "day of adversity" (Ecclesiastes 7:14), which God will cause to come upon him, thus making His holiness manifest in the merited punishment, and thus also making wickedness the means of manifesting His glory. It is the same thought which is expressed in Exodus 9:16 with reference to Pharaoh. A praedestinatio ad malum, and that in the supralapsarian sense, cannot be here taught, for this horrible dogma (horribile quidem decretrum, fateor, says Calvin himself) makes God the author of evil, and a ruler according to His sovereign caprice, and thus destroys all pure conceptions of God. What Paul, Romans 9, with reference to Exodus 9:16, wishes to say is this, that it was not Pharaoh's conduct that determined the will of God, but that the will of God is always the antecedens: nothing happens to God through the obstinacy and rebellion of man which determines Him to an action not already embraced in the eternal plan, but also such an one must against his will be subservient to the display of God's glory. The apostle adds Romans 9:22, and shows that he recognised the factor of human self-determination, but also as one comprehended in God's plan. The free actions of men create no situation by which God would be surprised and compelled to something which was not originally intended by Himself. That is what the above proverb says: the wicked also has his place in God's order of the world. Whoever frustrates the designs of grace must serve God in this, ἐνδείζασθαι τὴν ὀργὴν καὶ γνωρίσαι τὸ δυνατὸν αὐτοῦ (Romans 9:22).

Proverbs 16:10 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

a divine sentence

Proverbs 16:12,13 It is an abomination to kings to commit wickedness: for the throne is established by righteousness...

Genesis 44:5,15 Is not this it in which my lord drinks, and whereby indeed he divines? you have done evil in so doing...

Deuteronomy 17:18-20 And it shall be, when he sits on the throne of his kingdom...

2 Samuel 23:3,4 The God of Israel said, the Rock of Israel spoke to me, He that rules over men must be just, ruling in the fear of God...

Psalm 45:6,7 Your throne, O God, is for ever and ever: the scepter of your kingdom is a right scepter...

Psalm 72:1-4 Give the king your judgments, O God, and your righteousness to the king's son...

Psalm 99:4 The king's strength also loves judgment; you do establish equity, you execute judgment and righteousness in Jacob.

Isaiah 32:1,2 Behold, a king shall reign in righteousness, and princes shall rule in judgment...

Jeremiah 23:5,6 Behold, the days come, said the LORD, that I will raise to David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper...


Hosea 10:4 They have spoken words, swearing falsely in making a covenant: thus judgment springs up as hemlock in the furrows of the field.

Amos 5:7 You who turn judgment to wormwood, and leave off righteousness in the earth,

Amos 6:12 Shall horses run on the rock? will one plow there with oxen? for you have turned judgment into gall...

Cross References
1 Kings 3:28
And all Israel heard of the judgment that the king had rendered, and they stood in awe of the king, because they perceived that the wisdom of God was in him to do justice.

2 Chronicles 26:16
But when he was strong, he grew proud, to his destruction. For he was unfaithful to the LORD his God and entered the temple of the LORD to burn incense on the altar of incense.

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