Proverbs 17:13
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
If anyone returns evil for good, evil will not depart from his house.

King James Bible
Whoso rewardeth evil for good, evil shall not depart from his house.

American Standard Version
Whoso rewardeth evil for good, Evil shall not depart from his house.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He that rendereth evil for good, evil shall not depart from his house.

English Revised Version
Whoso rewardeth evil for good, evil shall not depart from his house.

Webster's Bible Translation
Whoever rewardeth evil for good, evil shall not depart from his house.

Proverbs 17:13 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The proverbs following, Proverbs 17:7-10, appear to be united acrostically by the succession of the letters ש (שׂ, שׁ) and ת.

Proverbs 17:7

7 It does not become a fool to speak loftily,

   How much less do lying lips a noble!

As at Isaiah 32:5., נבל and נדיב are placed opposite to one another; the latter is the nobly magnanimous man, the former the man who thinks foolishly and acts profligately, whom it does not become to use lofty words, who thereby makes the impression of his vulgarity so much the more repulsive (cf. Job 2:10). שּׂפת יתר (not יתר, for the word belongs to those which retain their Pathach or Segol, in pausa) is neither elevated (soaring) (Ewald) nor diffuse (Jo. Ernst Jungius in Oetinger: lingua dicax ac sermonem ultra quam decorum verbis extendere solita), rather imperative (Bertheau), better presumptuous (Hitzig) words, properly words of superfluity, i.e., of superabundant self-consciousness and high pretension (cf. the transitive bearing of the Arab. watr with ὑβρίζειν, from ὑπέρ, Aryan upar, Job, p. 363). Rightly Meri, שׂפת נאוה ושׂררה. It produces a disagreeable impression, when a man of vulgar mind and of rude conduct, instead of keeping himself in retirement, makes himself of importance, and weighty in a shameless, impudent manner (cf. Psalm 12:9, where זלּוּת, vilitas, in a moral sense); but yet more repulsive is the contrast, when a man in whom one is justified in expecting nobility of mind, in accordance with his life-position and calling, degrades himself by uttering deceitful words. Regarding the אף כּי, concluding a minori ad majus, we have already spoken at Proverbs 11:31; Proverbs 15:11. R. Ismael, in Bereschith Rabba, at 44:8, reckons ten such conclusions a minori ad majus in the Scriptures, but there are just as many quanto magis. The right accentuation (e.g., in Cod. 1294) is here אף כי־לנדיב, transformed from אף כי־לנדיב, according to Accentuationssystem, xviii. 2.

Proverbs 17:13 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

1 Samuel 24:17 And he said to David, You are more righteous than I: for you have rewarded me good, whereas I have rewarded you evil.

1 Samuel 31:2,3 And the Philistines followed hard on Saul and on his sons; and the Philistines slew Jonathan, and Abinadab, and Melchishua...

2 Samuel 21:1 Then there was a famine in the days of David three years, year after year; and David inquired of the LORD. And the LORD answered...

Psalm 35:12 They rewarded me evil for good to the spoiling of my soul.

Psalm 38:20 They also that render evil for good are my adversaries; because I follow the thing that good is.

Psalm 55:12-15 For it was not an enemy that reproached me; then I could have borne it...

Psalm 109:4-13 For my love they are my adversaries: but I give myself to prayer...

Jeremiah 18:20,21 Shall evil be recompensed for good? for they have dig a pit for my soul. Remember that I stood before you to speak good for them...

Matthew 27:5,25 And he cast down the pieces of silver in the temple, and departed, and went and hanged himself...

Romans 12:17 Recompense to no man evil for evil. Provide things honest in the sight of all men.

1 Thessalonians 5:15 See that none render evil for evil to any man; but ever follow that which is good, both among yourselves, and to all men.

1 Peter 3:9 Not rendering evil for evil, or railing for railing: but contrariwise blessing; knowing that you are thereunto called...

Cross References
1 Samuel 19:4
And Jonathan spoke well of David to Saul his father and said to him, "Let not the king sin against his servant David, because he has not sinned against you, and because his deeds have brought good to you.

1 Samuel 25:21
Now David had said, "Surely in vain have I guarded all that this fellow has in the wilderness, so that nothing was missed of all that belonged to him, and he has returned me evil for good.

2 Samuel 12:10
Now therefore the sword shall never depart from your house, because you have despised me and have taken the wife of Uriah the Hittite to be your wife.'

1 Kings 21:22
And I will make your house like the house of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, and like the house of Baasha the son of Ahijah, for the anger to which you have provoked me, and because you have made Israel to sin.

Psalm 35:12
They repay me evil for good; my soul is bereft.

Psalm 109:5
So they reward me evil for good, and hatred for my love.

Proverbs 13:21
Disaster pursues sinners, but the righteous are rewarded with good.

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