Proverbs 20:22
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Do not say, “I will repay evil”; wait for the LORD, and he will deliver you.

King James Bible
Say not thou, I will recompense evil; but wait on the LORD, and he shall save thee.

American Standard Version
Say not thou, I will recompense evil: Wait for Jehovah, and he will save thee.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Say not: I will return evil: wait for the Lord and he will deliver thee.

English Revised Version
Say not thou, I will recompense evil: wait on the LORD, and he shall save thee.

Webster's Bible Translation
Say not thou, I will recompense evil; but wait on the LORD, and he shall save thee.

Proverbs 20:22 Parallel
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

16 Take from him the garment, for he hath become surety for another;

     And for strangers take him as a pledge.

The same proverb PRomans 27:13, where קח, with the usual aphaeresis, here interchanges with it the fuller form לקח, which is also found at Ezekiel 37:16. To this imperative חבלהוּ is parallel: take him as a pledge (Theodotion, Jerome, the Venet. and Luther); it is not a substantive: his pledge (Targ.), which would require the word חבלתו (חבלו); nor is it to be read with the Syr. חבלהוּ, one pledges him; but it is imperative, not however of the Piel, which would be חבלהוּ, and would mean "destroy him;" but, as Aben Ezra rightly, the imperative of Kal of חבל, to take as a pledge, Exodus 22:25, for חבלהוּ without any example indeed except חננני, Psalm 9:14; cf. Psalm 80:16. The first line is clear: take his garment, for he has become good for another (cf. Proverbs 11:15), who has left him in the lurch, so that he must now become wise by experience. The second line also is intelligible if we read, according to the Chethı̂b, נכרים (Jerome, the Venet.), not נכריּם, as Schultens incorrectly points it, and if we interpret this plur. like בנים, Genesis 21:7, with Hitzig following Luther, as plur. of the category: take him as a pledge, hold fast by his person, so as not to suffer injury from strange people for whom he has become surety. But the Kerı̂ requires נכריּה (according to which Theodotion and the Syr., and, more distinctly still than these, the Targ. translates), and thus, indeed, it stands written, Proverbs 27:13, without the Kerı̂, thus Bathra 173b reads and writes also here. Either נכריּה is a strange woman, a prostitute, a maitresse for whom the unwise has made himself surety, or it is neut. for aliena res (lxx Proverbs 27:13, τὰ ἀλλότρια), a matter not properly belonging to this unwise person. We regard נכרים in this passage as original. בעד coincides with Proverbs 6:26 : it does not mean ἀντὶ, but ὑπέρ; "for strange people" is here equivalent to for the sake of, on account of strange people" is here equivalent to for the sake of, on account of strange people (χάριν τῶν ἀλλοτρίων, as the Venet. translates it).

Proverbs 20:22 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge


Proverbs 17:13 Whoever rewards evil for good, evil shall not depart from his house.

Proverbs 24:29 Say not, I will do so to him as he has done to me: I will render to the man according to his work.

Deuteronomy 32:35 To me belongs vengeance and recompense; their foot shall slide in due time: for the day of their calamity is at hand...

Romans 12:17-19 Recompense to no man evil for evil. Provide things honest in the sight of all men...

1 Thessalonians 5:15 See that none render evil for evil to any man; but ever follow that which is good, both among yourselves, and to all men.

1 Peter 3:9 Not rendering evil for evil, or railing for railing: but contrariwise blessing; knowing that you are thereunto called...


2 Samuel 6:12 And it was told king David, saying, The LORD has blessed the house of Obededom, and all that pertains to him, because of the ark of God...

Psalm 27:14 Wait on the LORD: be of good courage, and he shall strengthen your heart: wait, I say, on the LORD.

Psalm 37:34 Wait on the LORD, and keep his way, and he shall exalt you to inherit the land: when the wicked are cut off, you shall see it.

Isaiah 40:31 But they that wait on the LORD shall renew their strength; they shall mount up with wings as eagles; they shall run, and not be weary...

Lamentations 3:25,26 The LORD is good to them that wait for him, to the soul that seeks him...

1 Peter 2:23 Who, when he was reviled, reviled not again; when he suffered, he threatened not; but committed himself to him that judges righteously:

1 Peter 4:19 Why let them that suffer according to the will of God commit the keeping of their souls to him in well doing, as to a faithful Creator.

Cross References
Matthew 5:39
But I say to you, Do not resist the one who is evil. But if anyone slaps you on the right cheek, turn to him the other also.

Romans 12:17
Repay no one evil for evil, but give thought to do what is honorable in the sight of all.

Romans 12:19
Beloved, never avenge yourselves, but leave it to the wrath of God, for it is written, "Vengeance is mine, I will repay, says the Lord."

1 Thessalonians 5:15
See that no one repays anyone evil for evil, but always seek to do good to one another and to everyone.

1 Peter 3:9
Do not repay evil for evil or reviling for reviling, but on the contrary, bless, for to this you were called, that you may obtain a blessing.

Psalm 27:14
Wait for the LORD; be strong, and let your heart take courage; wait for the LORD!

Proverbs 20:21
An inheritance gained hastily in the beginning will not be blessed in the end.

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