Proverbs 28:23
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Whoever rebukes a man will afterward find more favor than he who flatters with his tongue.

King James Bible
He that rebuketh a man afterwards shall find more favour than he that flattereth with the tongue.

American Standard Version
He that rebuketh a man shall afterward find more favor Than he that flattereth with the tongue.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He that rebuketh a man, shall afterward find favour with him, more than he that by a flattering tongue deceiveth him.

English Revised Version
He that rebuketh a man shall afterward find more favour than he that flattereth with the tongue.

Webster's Bible Translation
He that rebuketh a man afterward shall find more favor than he that flattereth with the tongue.

Proverbs 28:23 Parallel
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

17 A man burdened with the guilt of blood upon his soul

     Fleeth to the pit; let no one detain him.

Luther translates: "A man that doeth violence to the blood of any one," as if he had read the word עשׁק. Lwenstein persuades himself that עשׁק may mean "having oppressed," and for this refers to לבוּשׁ, having clothed, in the Mishna נשׁוּי, רבוּב, Lat. coenatus, juratus; but none of all these cases are of the same nature, for always the conduct designated is interpreted as a suffering of that which is done, e.g., the drawing on, as a being clothed; the riding, as a being ridden, etc. Of עשׁק, in the sense of the oppression of another, there is no such part. pass. as throws the action as a condition back upon the subject. This is valid also against Aben Ezra, who supposes that עשׁק means oppressing after the forms אנוּר, שׁדוּד, שׁכוּן, for of שׁכוּן, settled equals dwelling, that which has just been said is true; that אנוּר is equivalent to אגר, cf. regarding it under Proverbs 30:1, and that שׁדוּד, Psalm 137:8, is equivalent to שׁדד, is not true. Kimchi adds, under the name of his father (Joseph Kimchi), also שׁחוּט, Jeremiah 9:7 equals שׁוחט; but that "slaughtered" can be equivalent to slaughtering is impossible. Some MSS have the word עשׂק, which is not inadmissible, but not in the sense of "accused" (Lwenstein), but: persecuted, exposed to war; for עשׁק signifies to treat hostilely, and post-bibl. generally to aspire after or pursue anything, e.g., עסוק בּדברי תורה, R. עשׂ (whence Piel contrectare, cf. Isaiah 23:2, according to which עשׁק appears to be an intensifying of this עשׂה). However, there is no ground for regarding עשׁק

(Note: Bttcher supposes much rather עשּׁק equals מעשּׁק; also, Proverbs 25:11, דבּר equals מדבּר; but that does not follow from the defectiva scriptio, nor from anything else.)

as not original, nor in the sense of "hard pressed;" for it is not used of avenging persecution, but: inwardly pressed, for Isaiah 38:14 עשׁקה also signifies the anguish of a guilty conscience. Whoever is inwardly bowed down by the blood of a man whom he has murdered, betakes himself to a ceaseless flight to escape the avenger of blood, the punishment of his guilt, and his own inward torment; he flees and finds no rest, till at last the grave (בור according to the Eastern, i.e., the Babylonian, mode of writing בּר) receives him, and death accomplishes the only possible propitiation of the murderer. The exhortation, "let no one detain him," does not mean that one should not lay hold on the fugitive; but, since תּמך בּ does not mean merely to hold fast, but to hold right, that one should not afford him any support, any refuge, any covering or security against the vengeance which pursues him; that one should not rescue him from the arm of justice, and thereby invade and disturb the public administration of justice, which rests on moral foundations; on the other side, the Book of Prov; Proverbs 24:11., has uttered its exhortation to save a human life whenever it is possible to do so. The proverb lying before us cannot thus mean anything else than that no one should give to the murderer, as such, any assistance; that no one should save him clandestinely, and thereby make himself a partaker of his sin. Grace cannot come into the place of justice till justice has been fully recognised. Human sympathy, human forbearance, under the false title of grace, do not stand in contrast to this justice. We must, however, render אל־יתמכו־בו not directly as an admonition against that which is immoral; it may also be a declaration of that which is impossible: only let no one support him, let no one seek to deliver him from the unrest which drives him from place to place. This is, however, in vain; he is unceasingly driven about to fulfil his lot. But the translation: nemine eum sustinente (Fleischer), is inadmissible; a mere declaration of a fact without any subjective colouring is never אל reven si g seq. fut.

Proverbs 28:23 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Proverbs 27:5,6 Open rebuke is better than secret love...

2 Samuel 12:7 And Nathan said to David, You are the man. Thus said the LORD God of Israel, I anointed you king over Israel...

1 Kings 1:23,32-40 And they told the king, saying, Behold Nathan the prophet. And when he was come in before the king...

Psalm 141:5 Let the righteous smite me; it shall be a kindness: and let him reprove me; it shall be an excellent oil, which shall not break my head...

Matthew 20:15 Is it not lawful for me to do what I will with my own? Is your eye evil, because I am good?

Mark 7:22 Thefts, covetousness, wickedness, deceit, lasciviousness, an evil eye, blasphemy, pride, foolishness:


Genesis 13:10-13 And Lot lifted up his eyes, and beheld all the plain of Jordan, that it was well watered every where...

Genesis 19:17 And it came to pass, when they had brought them forth abroad, that he said, Escape for your life; look not behind you...

Job 20:18-22 That which he labored for shall he restore, and shall not swallow it down: according to his substance shall the restitution be...

Job 22:16,17 Which were cut down out of time, whose foundation was overflowed with a flood...

Cross References
Proverbs 24:25
but those who rebuke the wicked will have delight, and a good blessing will come upon them.

Proverbs 27:5
Better is open rebuke than hidden love.

Proverbs 27:6
Faithful are the wounds of a friend; profuse are the kisses of an enemy.

Proverbs 29:5
A man who flatters his neighbor spreads a net for his feet.

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