Proverbs 29:1
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
He who is often reproved, yet stiffens his neck, will suddenly be broken beyond healing.

King James Bible
He, that being often reproved hardeneth his neck, shall suddenly be destroyed, and that without remedy.

American Standard Version
He that being often reproved hardeneth his neck Shall suddenly be destroyed, and that without remedy.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The man that with a stiff neck despiseth him that reproveth him, shall suddenly be destroyed: and health shall not follow him.

English Revised Version
He that being often reproved hardeneth his neck shall suddenly be broken, and that without remedy.

Webster's Bible Translation
He, that being often reproved hardeneth his neck, shall suddenly be destroyed, and that without remedy.

Proverbs 29:1 Parallel
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

23 He that reproveth a man who is going backwards,

     Findeth more thanks than the flatterer.

It is impossible that aj can be the suffix of אחרי; the Talmud, Tamid 28a, refers it to God; but that it signifies: after my (Solomon's) example or precedence (Aben Ezra, Ahron b. Josef, Venet., J. H. Michaelis), is untenable - such a name given by the teacher here to himself is altogether aimless. Others translate, with Jerome: Qui corripit hominem gratiam postea inveniet apud eum magis, quam ille qui per linguae blandimenta decipit, for they partly purpose to read אחרי־כן, partly to give to 'אח the meaning of postea. אחרי, Ewald says, is a notable example of an adverb. Hitzig seeks to correct this adv. as at Nehemiah 3:30., but where, with Keil, אחרו is to be read; at Joshua 2:7, where אחרי is to be erased; and at Deuteronomy 2:30, where the traditional text is accountable. This אחרי may be formed like אזי and מתי; but if it had existed, it would not be a ἅπαξ λεγ. The accentuation also, in the passage before us, does not recognise it; but it takes אחרי and אדם together, and how otherwise than that it appears, as Ibn-Jachja in his Grammar, and Immanuel

(Note: Abulwald (Rikma, p. 69) also rightly explains אחרי, as a characterizing epithet, by אחרני (turned backwards).)

have recognised it, to be a noun terminating in aj. It is a formation, like לפני, 1 Kings 6:10 (cf. Olshausen's Lehrb. p. 428f.), of the same termination as שׁדּי, חגּי, and in the later Aram.-Heb. זכּי, and the like. The variant אחרי, noticed by Heidenheim, confirms it; and the distinction between different classes of men (vid., vol. i. p. 39) which prevails in the Book of Proverbs favours it. A אדם אחרי is defined, after the manner of Jeremiah (Jeremiah 7:24): a man who is directed backwards, and not לפנים, forwards. Not the renegade - for מוכיח, opp. מחליק לשׁון, does not lead to so strong a conception - but the retrograder is thus called in German: Rcklufige one who runs backwards or Rckwendige one who turns backwards, who turns away from the good, the right, and the true, and always departs the farther away from them (Immanuel: going backwards in his nature or his moral relations). This centrifugal direction, leading to estrangement from the fear of Jahve, or, what is the same thing, from the religion of revelation, would lead to entire ruin if unreserved and fearless denunciation did not interpose and seek to restrain it; and he who speaks

(Note: Lwenstein writes מוכיח, after Metheg-Setzung, 43, not incorrectly; for the following word, although toned on the first syllable, begins with guttural having the same sound.)

so truly, openly, and earnestly home to the conscience of one who is on the downward course, gains for himself thereby, on the part of him whom he has directed aright, and on the part of all who are well disposed, better thanks (and also, on the part of God, a better reward, James 5:19.) than he who, speaking to him, smooths his tongue to say to him who is rich, or in a high position, only that which is agreeable. Laudat adulator, sed non est verus amator. The second half of the verse consists, as often (Psalm 73:8; Job 33:1; cf. Thorath Emeth, p. 51), of only two words, with Mercha Silluk.

Proverbs 29:1 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

he, that being often reproved or a man of reproofs

Proverbs 1:24-31 Because I have called, and you refused; I have stretched out my hand, and no man regarded...

1 Samuel 2:25,34 If one man sin against another, the judge shall judge him: but if a man sin against the LORD, who shall entreat for him...

1 Kings 17:1 And Elijah the Tishbite, who was of the inhabitants of Gilead, said to Ahab, As the LORD God of Israel lives, before whom I stand...

1 Kings 18:18 And he answered, I have not troubled Israel; but you, and your father's house, in that you have forsaken the commandments of the LORD...

1 Kings 20:42 And he said to him, Thus said the LORD, Because you have let go out of your hand a man whom I appointed to utter destruction...

1 Kings 21:20-23 And Ahab said to Elijah, Have you found me, O my enemy? And he answered, I have found you...

1 Kings 22:20-23,28,34-37 And the LORD said, Who shall persuade Ahab, that he may go up and fall at Ramothgilead? And one said on this manner...

2 Chronicles 25:16 And it came to pass, as he talked with him, that the king said to him, Are you made of the king's counsel? forbear...

2 Chronicles 33:10 And the LORD spoke to Manasseh, and to his people: but they would not listen.

2 Chronicles 36:15-17 And the LORD God of their fathers sent to them by his messengers, rising up betimes, and sending...

Jeremiah 25:3-5 From the thirteenth year of Josiah the son of Amon king of Judah, even to this day, that is the three and twentieth year...

Jeremiah 26:3-5 If so be they will listen, and turn every man from his evil way, that I may repent me of the evil...

Jeremiah 35:13-16 Thus said the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Go and tell the men of Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem...

Zechariah 1:3-6 Therefore say you to them, Thus said the LORD of hosts; Turn you to me, said the LORD of hosts, and I will turn to you...

Matthew 26:21-25 And as they did eat, he said, Truly I say to you, that one of you shall betray me...

John 6:70,71 Jesus answered them, Have not I chosen you twelve, and one of you is a devil...

John 13:10,11,18,26 Jesus said to him, He that is washed needs not save to wash his feet, but is clean every whit: and you are clean, but not all...

Acts 1:18,25 Now this man purchased a field with the reward of iniquity; and falling headlong, he burst asunder in the middle...


2 Chronicles 36:13 And he also rebelled against king Nebuchadnezzar, who had made him swear by God: but he stiffened his neck...

Nehemiah 9:29 And testified against them, that you might bring them again to your law: yet they dealt proudly, and listened not to your commandments...

Isaiah 48:4 Because I knew that you are obstinate, and your neck is an iron sinew, and your brow brass;

Jeremiah 17:23 But they obeyed not, neither inclined their ear, but made their neck stiff, that they might not hear, nor receive instruction.


Proverbs 6:15 Therefore shall his calamity come suddenly; suddenly shall he be broken without remedy.

Proverbs 28:18 Whoever walks uprightly shall be saved: but he that is perverse in his ways shall fall at once.

Isaiah 30:13,14 Therefore this iniquity shall be to you as a breach ready to fall, swelling out in a high wall...

Zechariah 7:11-14 But they refused to listen, and pulled away the shoulder, and stopped their ears, that they should not hear...

1 Thessalonians 5:3 For when they shall say, Peace and safety; then sudden destruction comes on them, as travail on a woman with child...

Cross References
1 Samuel 2:25
If someone sins against a man, God will mediate for him, but if someone sins against the LORD, who can intercede for him?" But they would not listen to the voice of their father, for it was the will of the LORD to put them to death.

2 Chronicles 36:16
But they kept mocking the messengers of God, despising his words and scoffing at his prophets, until the wrath of the LORD rose against his people, until there was no remedy.

Job 9:4
He is wise in heart and mighty in strength--who has hardened himself against him, and succeeded?--

Proverbs 1:24
Because I have called and you refused to listen, have stretched out my hand and no one has heeded,

Proverbs 6:15
therefore calamity will come upon him suddenly; in a moment he will be broken beyond healing.

Proverbs 28:28
When the wicked rise, people hide themselves, but when they perish, the righteous increase.

Isaiah 48:4
Because I know that you are obstinate, and your neck is an iron sinew and your forehead brass,

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