Proverbs 3:1
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
My son, do not forget my teaching, but let your heart keep my commandments,

King James Bible
My son, forget not my law; but let thine heart keep my commandments:

American Standard Version
My son, forget not my law; But let thy heart keep my commandments:

Douay-Rheims Bible
My son, forget not my law, and let thy heart keep my commandments.

English Revised Version
My son, forget not my law; but let thine heart keep my commandments:

Webster's Bible Translation
My son, forget not my law; but let thy heart keep my commandments;

Proverbs 3:1 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

17 Who forsakes the companion of her youth,

     And forgets the covenant of her God;

18 For she sinks down to death together with her house,

     And to the shadow of Hades her paths -

19 All they who go to her return not again,

     And reach not the paths of life

אלּוּף, as here used, has nothing to do with the phylarch-name, similar in sound, which is a denom. of אלף; but it comes immediately from אלף, to accustom oneself to a person or cause, to be familiar therewith (while the Aram. אלף, ילף, to learn, Pa. to teach), and thus means, as the synon. of רע, the companion or familiar associate (vid., Schultens). Parallels such as Jeremiah 3:4 suggested to the old interpreters the allegorical explanation of the adulteress as the personification of the apostasy or of heresy. Proverbs 2:18 the lxx translate: ἔθετο γὰρ παρὰ τῷ θανάτῳ τὸν οἶκον αὐτῆς: she (the dissolute wife) has placed her house beside death (the abyss of death). This שׁחה [ἔθετο] is perhaps the original, for the text as it lies before us is doubtful, though, rightly understood, admissible. The accentuation marks בּיתהּ as the subject, but בּית is elsewhere always masc., and does not, like the rarer ארח, Proverbs 2:15, admit in usage a double gender; also, if the fem. usage were here introduced (Bertheau, Hitzig), then the predicate, even though ביתה were regarded as fem., might be, in conformity with rule, שׁח, as e.g., Isaiah 2:17. שׁחה is, as in Psalm 44:26, 3rd pr. of שׁוּח, Arab. sâkh, to go down, to sink; the emendation שׁחה (Joseph Kimchi) does not recommend itself on this account, that שׁחה and שׁחח mean, according to usage, to stoop or to bend down; and to interpret (Ralbag, השׁפילה) שׁחה transitively is inadmissible. For that reason Aben Ezra interprets ביתה as in apposition: to death, to its house; but then the poet in that case should say אל־שׁאול, for death is not a house. On the other hand, we cannot perceive in ביתה an accus. of the nearer definition (J. H. Michaelis, Fl.); the expression would here, as 15a, be refined without purpose. Bttcher has recognised ביתה as permutative, the personal subject: for she sinks down to death, her house, i.e., she herself, together with all that belongs to her; cf. the permutative of the subject, Job 29:3; Isaiah 29:23 (vid., comm. l.c.), and the more particularly statement of the object, Exodus 2:6, etc. Regarding רפאים, shadows of the under-world (from רפה, synon. חלה, weakened, or to become powerless), a word common to the Solomonic writings, vid., Comment. on Isaiah, p. 206. What Proverbs 2:18 says of the person of the adulteress, Proverbs 2:19 says of those who live with her ביתה, her house-companions. בּאיה, "those entering in to her," is equivalent to בּאים אליה; the participle of verbs eundi et veniendi takes the accusative object of the finite as gen. in st. constr., as e.g., Proverbs 1:12; Proverbs 2:7; Genesis 23:18; Genesis 9:10 (cf. Jeremiah 10:20). The ישׁוּבוּן, with the tone on the ult., is a protestation: there is no return for those who practise fornication,

(Note: One is here reminded of the expression in the Aeneid, vi. 127-129:

Revocare gradum superasque evadere ad auras,

Hoc opes, hoc labor est.

See also an impure but dreadful Talmudic story about a dissolute Rabbi, b. Aboda zara, 17a.)

and they do not reach the paths of life from which they have so widely strayed.

(Note: In correct texts ולא־ישיגו has the Makkeph. Vid., Torath Emeth, p. 41; Accentuationssystem, xx. 2.)

Proverbs 3:1 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

forget

Proverbs 1:8 My son, hear the instruction of your father, and forsake not the law of your mother:

Proverbs 4:5 Get wisdom, get understanding: forget it not; neither decline from the words of my mouth.

Proverbs 31:5 Lest they drink, and forget the law, and pervert the judgment of any of the afflicted.

Deuteronomy 4:23 Take heed to yourselves, lest you forget the covenant of the LORD your God, which he made with you, and make you a graven image...

Psalm 119:93,153,176 I will never forget your precepts: for with them you have quickened me...

Hosea 4:6 My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge: because you have rejected knowledge, I will also reject you...

let

Deuteronomy 4:9 Only take heed to yourself, and keep your soul diligently, lest you forget the things which your eyes have seen...

Deuteronomy 6:6-9 And these words, which I command you this day, shall be in your heart...

Deuteronomy 8:1 All the commandments which I command you this day shall you observe to do, that you may live, and multiply...

Deuteronomy 30:16-20 In that I command you this day to love the LORD your God, to walk in his ways...

Psalm 119:11,16,34,47,48 Your word have I hid in my heart, that I might not sin against you...

Isaiah 51:17 Awake, awake, stand up, O Jerusalem, which have drunk at the hand of the LORD the cup of his fury...

Jeremiah 31:33 But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, said the LORD...

John 14:21-24 He that has my commandments, and keeps them, he it is that loves me: and he that loves me shall be loved of my Father...

Cross References
Exodus 20:6
but showing steadfast love to thousands of those who love me and keep my commandments.

Deuteronomy 30:16
If you obey the commandments of the LORD your God that I command you today, by loving the LORD your God, by walking in his ways, and by keeping his commandments and his statutes and his rules, then you shall live and multiply, and the LORD your God will bless you in the land that you are entering to take possession of it.

Psalm 91:16
With long life I will satisfy him and show him my salvation."

Psalm 119:61
Though the cords of the wicked ensnare me, I do not forget your law.

Psalm 119:153
Look on my affliction and deliver me, for I do not forget your law.

Proverbs 2:1
My son, if you receive my words and treasure up my commandments with you,

Proverbs 4:2
for I give you good precepts; do not forsake my teaching.

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