Proverbs 3:20
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
by his knowledge the deeps broke open, and the clouds drop down the dew.

King James Bible
By his knowledge the depths are broken up, and the clouds drop down the dew.

American Standard Version
By his knowledge the depths were broken up, And the skies drop down the dew.

Douay-Rheims Bible
By his wisdom the depths have broken out, and the clouds grow thick with dew

English Revised Version
By his knowledge the depths were broken up, and the skies drop down the dew.

Webster's Bible Translation
By his knowledge the depths are broken up, and the clouds drop down the dew.

Proverbs 3:20 Parallel
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Such submission to God, the All-wise, the All-directing, who loves us with fatherly affection, is wisdom, and such wisdom is above all treasures.

13 Blessed is the man who has found wisdom,

     And the man who has gained understanding;

14 For better is her acquisition than the acquisition of silver,

     And her gain than fine gold.

15 More precious is she than corals;

     And all thy jewels do not equal her value.

The imperfect יפיק, which as the Hiph. of פּוּק, exire, has the general meaning educere, interchanges with the perfect מצא. This bringing forth is either a delivering up, i.e., giving out or presenting, Isaiah 58:10; Psalm 140:9; Psalm 144:13 (cf. נפק, Arab. nafaḳ, to give out, to pay out), or a fetching out, getting out, receiving, Proverbs 8:35; Proverbs 12:2; Proverbs 18:22. Thus 13a reminds one of the parable of the treasure in the field, and 13b of that of the goodly pearl for which the ἔμπορος who sought the pearl parted with all that he had. Here also is declared the promise of him who trades with a merchant for the possession of wisdom; for סחרהּ and סחר (both, as Isaiah 23:3, Isaiah 23:18; Isaiah 45:15, from סחר, the latter after the forms זרע, נטע, without our needing to assume a second primary form, סחר) go back to the root-word סחר, to trade, go about as a trader, with the fundamental meaning ἐμπορεύεσθαι (lxx); and also the mention of the pearls is not wanting here, for at all events the meaning "pearls" has blended itself with פּנינים, which is a favourite word in the Mashal poetry, though it be not the original meaning of the word. In 14b כּסף is surpassed by חרוּץ (besides in the Proverbs, found only in this meaning in Psalm 68:14), which properly means ore found in a mine, from חרץ, to cut in, to dig up, and hence the poetic name of gold, perhaps of gold dug out as distinguished from molten gold. Hitzig regards χρυσός as identical with it; but this word (Sanskr. without the ending hir, Zench. zar) is derived from ghar, to glitter (vid., Curtius). תּבוּאתהּ we have translated "gain," for it does not mean the profit which wisdom brings, the tribute which it yields, but the gain, the possession of wisdom herself.

Proverbs 3:20 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the depths

Genesis 1:9 And God said, Let the waters under the heaven be gathered together to one place, and let the dry land appear: and it was so.

Genesis 7:11 In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month...

Job 38:8-11 Or who shut up the sea with doors, when it broke forth, as if it had issued out of the womb...

Psalm 104:8,9 They go up by the mountains; they go down by the valleys to the place which you have founded for them...

the clouds

Genesis 27:28,37-39 Therefore God give you of the dew of heaven, and the fatness of the earth, and plenty of corn and wine...

Deuteronomy 33:28 Israel then shall dwell in safety alone: the fountain of Jacob shall be on a land of corn and wine...

Job 36:27,28 For he makes small the drops of water: they pour down rain according to the vapor thereof...

Job 38:26-28 To cause it to rain on the earth, where no man is; on the wilderness, wherein there is no man...

Psalm 65:9-12 You visit the earth, and water it: you greatly enrich it with the river of God, which is full of water: you prepare them corn...

Jeremiah 14:22 Are there any among the vanities of the Gentiles that can cause rain? or can the heavens give showers? are not you he, O LORD our God?...

Joel 2:23 Be glad then, you children of Zion, and rejoice in the LORD your God: for he has given you the former rain moderately...

Cross References
Genesis 7:11
In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month, on that day all the fountains of the great deep burst forth, and the windows of the heavens were opened.

Genesis 27:28
May God give you of the dew of heaven and of the fatness of the earth and plenty of grain and wine.

Deuteronomy 33:28
So Israel lived in safety, Jacob lived alone, in a land of grain and wine, whose heavens drop down dew.

Job 36:28
which the skies pour down and drop on mankind abundantly.

Proverbs 8:24
When there were no depths I was brought forth, when there were no springs abounding with water.

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