Proverbs 3:34
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Toward the scorners he is scornful, but to the humble he gives favor.

King James Bible
Surely he scorneth the scorners: but he giveth grace unto the lowly.

American Standard Version
Surely he scoffeth at the scoffers; But he giveth grace unto the lowly.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He shall scorn the scorners, and to the meek he will give grace.

English Revised Version
Surely he scorneth the scorners, but he giveth grace unto the lowly.

Webster's Bible Translation
Surely he scorneth the scorners: but he giveth grace to the lowly.

Proverbs 3:34 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The first illustration of neighbourly love which is recommended, is readiness to serve:

27 Refuse no manner of good to him to whom it is due

     When it is in thy power to do it.

28 Say not to thy neighbour, "Go, and come again,

     To-morrow I will give it," whilst yet thou hast it.

Regarding the intensive plur. בּעליו with a sing. meaning, see under Proverbs 1:19. The form of expression without the suffix is not בּעלי but בּעל טוב; and this denotes here, not him who does good (בעל as Arab. dhw or ṣaḥab), but him to whom the good deed is done (cf. Proverbs 17:8), i.e., as here, him who is worthy of it (בעל as Arab. âhl), him who is the man for it (Jewish interp.: מי שׁהוא ראוי לו). We must refuse nothing good (nothing either legally or morally good) to him who has a right to it (מנע מן as Job 22:7; Job 31:16),

(Note: Accentuate אל־תמנע טוב, not אל־תמנע־טוב. The doubling of the Makkeph is purposeless, and, on the contrary, the separating of טוב from מבעליו by the Dechi (the separating accent subordinate to Athnach) is proper. It is thus in the best MSS.)

if we are in a condition to do him this good. The phrase ישׁ־לאל ידי, Genesis 31:29, and frequently, signifies: it is belonging to (practicable) the power of my hand, i.e., I have the power and the means of doing it. As זד signifies the haughty, insolent, but may be also used in the neuter of insolent conduct (vid., Psalm 19:14), so אל signifies the strong, but also (although only in this phrase) strength. The Keri rejects the plur. ידיך, because elsewhere the hand always follows לאל in the singular. But it rejects the plur. לרעיך (Proverbs 3:28) because the address following is directed to one person. Neither of these emendations was necessary. The usage of the language permits exceptions, notwithstanding the usus tyrannus, and the plur. לרעיך may be interpreted distributively: to thy fellows, it may be this one or that one. Hitzig also regards לרעיך as a singular; but the masc. of רעיה, the ground-form of which is certainly ra‛j, is רעה, or shorter, רע. לך ושׁוּב does not mean: forth! go home again! but: go, and come again. שׁוּב, to come again, to return to something, to seek it once more.

(Note: Thus also (Arab.) raj' is used in Thaalebi's Confidential Companion, p. 24, line 3, of Flgel's ed. Admission was prevented to one Haschmid, then angry he sought it once more; he was again rejected, then he sought it not again (Arab. flm yraj'), but says, etc. Flgel has misunderstood the passage. Fleischer explains raj', with reference to Proverbs 3:28, by revenir la charge.)

The ו of ישׁו אתּך is, as 29b, the conditional: quum sit penes te, sc. quod ei des. "To-morrow shall I give" is less a promise than a delay and putting off, because it is difficult for him to alienate himself from him who makes the request. This holding fast by one's own is unamiable selfishness; this putting off in the fulfilment of one's duty is a sin of omission - οὐ γὰρ οἶδας, as the lxx adds, τὶ τέξεται ἡ ἐπιοῦσα.

Proverbs 3:34 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

he scorneth

Isaiah 57:15 For thus said the high and lofty One that inhabits eternity, whose name is Holy; I dwell in the high and holy place...

James 4:6 But he gives more grace. Why he said, God resists the proud, but gives grace to the humble.

1 Peter 5:5 Likewise, you younger, submit yourselves to the elder. Yes, all of you be subject one to another, and be clothed with humility...

Cross References
James 4:6
But he gives more grace. Therefore it says, "God opposes the proud but gives grace to the humble."

1 Peter 5:5
Likewise, you who are younger, be subject to the elders. Clothe yourselves, all of you, with humility toward one another, for "God opposes the proud but gives grace to the humble."

Psalm 18:26
with the purified you show yourself pure; and with the crooked you make yourself seem tortuous.

Psalm 138:6
For though the LORD is high, he regards the lowly, but the haughty he knows from afar.

Proverbs 14:9
Fools mock at the guilt offering, but the upright enjoy acceptance.

Proverbs 16:19
It is better to be of a lowly spirit with the poor than to divide the spoil with the proud.

Proverbs 21:24
"Scoffer" is the name of the arrogant, haughty man who acts with arrogant pride.

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