Proverbs 30:12
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
There are those who are clean in their own eyes but are not washed of their filth.

King James Bible
There is a generation that are pure in their own eyes, and yet is not washed from their filthiness.

American Standard Version
There is a generation that are pure in their own eyes, And yet are not washed from their filthiness.

Douay-Rheims Bible
A generation that are pure in their own eyes, and yet are not washed from their filthiness.

English Revised Version
There is a generation that are pure in their own eyes; and yet are not washed from their filthiness.

Webster's Bible Translation
There is a generation that are pure in their own eyes, and yet are not washed from their filthiness.

Proverbs 30:12 Parallel
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

5 Every word of Eloah is pure;

   A shield is He for those who hide themselves in Him.

6 Add thou not to His words,

   Lest He convict thee and thou becomest a liar.

Although the tetrastich is an independent proverb, yet it is connected to the foregoing Neûm [utterance, Proverbs 30:1]. The more limited a man is in his knowledge of God - viz. in that which presents itself to him lumine naturae, - so much the more thankful must he be that God has revealed Himself in history, and so much the more firmly has he to hold fast by the pure word of the divine revelation. In the dependent relation of Proverbs 30:5 to Psalm 18:31 (2 Samuel 22:31), and of Proverbs 30:6 to Deuteronomy 4:2, there is no doubt the self-testimony of God given to Israel, and recorded in the book of the Tôra, is here meant. כּל־אמרת is to be judged after πᾶσα γραφή, 2 Timothy 3:16, not: every declaration of God, wherever promulgated, but: every declaration within the revelation lying before us. The primary passage Psalm 18:31 has not כל here, but, instead of it, לכל החסים, and instead of אמרת אלוהּ it has יהוה 'אם; his change of the name of Jahve is also not favourable to the opinion that Proverbs 30:5. is a part of the Neûm, viz., that it is the answer thereto. The proverb in this contains traces of the Book of Job, with which in many respects that Neûm harmonizes; in the Book of Job, אלוהּ (with שׁדּי) is the prevailing name of God; whereas in the Book of Proverbs it occurs only in the passage before us. Mhlau, p. 41, notes it as an Arabism. צרף (Arab. ṣaraf, to turn, to change) is the usual word for the changing process of smelting; צרוּף signifies solid, pure, i.e., purified by separating: God's word is, without exception, like pure, massive gold. Regarding חסה, to hide oneself, vid., under Psalm 2:12;: God is a shield for those who make Him, as revealed in His word, their refuge. The part. חסה occurs, according to the Masora, three times written defectively, - Proverbs 14:32; 2 Samuel 22:31; Nehemiah 1:7; in the passage before us it is to be written לחוסים; the proverbs of Agur and Lemuel have frequently the plena scriptio of the part. act. Kal, as well as of the fut. Kal, common to the Book of Job (vid., Mhlau, p. 65).

In 6a, after Aben Ezra's Moznajim 2b (11b of Heidenheim's edition), and Zachoth 53a (cf. Lipmann's ed.), and other witnesses (vid., Norzi), t sp (the ף with dagesh) is to be written, - the Cod. Jaman. and others defect. without ו, - not tôsf; for, since תּוסף (Exodus 10:28) is yet further abbreviated in this way, it necessarily loses

(Note: That both Shevas in tôsp are quiesc., vid., Kimchi, Michlol 155 a b, who is finally decided as to this. That the word should be read tôspe'al is the opinion of Chagg in הנוח 'ס (regarding the quiesc. letters), p. 6 of the Ed. by Dukes-Ewald.)

the aspiration of the tenuis, as in ילדתּ ( equals ילדת). The words of God are the announcements of His holy will, measured by His wisdom; they are then to be accepted as they are, and to be recognised and obeyed. He who adds anything to them, either by an overstraining of them or by repressing them, will not escape the righteous judgment of God: God will convict him of falsifying His word (הוכיח, Psalm 50:21; only here with ב of the obj.), and expose him as a liar - viz. by the dispensations which unmask the falsifier as such, and make manifest the falsehood of his doctrines as dangerous to souls and destructive to society. An example of this is found in the kingdom of Israel, in the destruction of which the curse of the human institution of its state religion, set up by Jeroboam, had no little share. Also the Jewish traditional law, although in itself necessary for the carrying over of the law into the praxis of private and public life, falls under the Deuteron. prohibition - which the poet here repeats - so far as it claimed for itself the same divine authority as that of the written law, and so far as it hindered obedience to the law - by the straining-at-a-gnat policy - and was hostile to piety. Or, to adduce an example of an addition more dogmatic than legal, what a fearful impulse was given to fleshly security by that overstraining of the promises in Genesis 17, which were connected with circumcision by the tradition, "the circumcised come not into hell," or by the overstraining of the prerogative attributed by Paul, Romans 9:4., to his people according to the Scriptures, in the principle, "All Israelites have a part in the future world!" Regarding the accentuation of the perf. consec. after פּן, vid., at Psalm 28:1. The penultima accent is always in pausa (cf. Proverbs 30:9 and Proverbs 30:10).

Proverbs 30:12 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

that are

Proverbs 21:2 Every way of a man is right in his own eyes: but the LORD ponders the hearts.

Judges 17:5,13 And the man Micah had an house of gods, and made an ephod, and teraphim, and consecrated one of his sons, who became his priest...

1 Samuel 15:13,14 And Samuel came to Saul: and Saul said to him, Blessed be you of the LORD: I have performed the commandment of the LORD...

Job 33:9 I am clean without transgression, I am innocent; neither is there iniquity in me.

Psalm 36:2 For he flatters himself in his own eyes, until his iniquity be found to be hateful.

Isaiah 65:5 Which say, Stand by yourself, come not near to me; for I am holier than you. These are a smoke in my nose...

Jeremiah 2:22-24,35 For though you wash you with nitre, and take you much soap, yet your iniquity is marked before me, said the Lord GOD...

Luke 11:39-40 And the Lord said to him, Now do you Pharisees make clean the outside of the cup and the platter...

Luke 16:15 And he said to them, You are they which justify yourselves before men; but God knows your hearts...

Luke 18:11 The Pharisee stood and prayed thus with himself, God, I thank you, that I am not as other men are, extortionists, unjust, adulterers...

2 Timothy 3:5 Having a form of godliness, but denying the power thereof: from such turn away.

Titus 1:15,16 To the pure all things are pure: but to them that are defiled and unbelieving is nothing pure...

1 John 1:8-10 If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us...


Psalm 51:2,7 Wash me thoroughly from my iniquity, and cleanse me from my sin...

Isaiah 1:16 Wash you, make you clean; put away the evil of your doings from before my eyes; cease to do evil;

Jeremiah 4:14 O Jerusalem, wash your heart from wickedness, that you may be saved. How long shall your vain thoughts lodge within you?

Ecclesiastes 4:1 So I returned, and considered all the oppressions that are done under the sun: and behold the tears of such as were oppressed...

Isaiah 32:7 The instruments also of the churl are evil: he devises wicked devices to destroy the poor with lying words...

Amos 2:7 That pant after the dust of the earth on the head of the poor, and turn aside the way of the meek...

Amos 4:1 Hear this word, you cows of Bashan, that are in the mountain of Samaria, which oppress the poor, which crush the needy...

Amos 8:4 Hear this, O you that swallow up the needy, even to make the poor of the land to fail,

Micah 2:1,2 Woe to them that devise iniquity, and work evil on their beds! when the morning is light, they practice it...

Micah 3:1-5 And I said, Hear, I pray you, O heads of Jacob, and you princes of the house of Israel; Is it not for you to know judgment...

Habakkuk 3:14 You did strike through with his staves the head of his villages: they came out as a whirlwind to scatter me...

Zephaniah 3:3 Her princes within her are roaring lions; her judges are evening wolves; they gnaw not the bones till the morrow.

Matthew 23:14 Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for you devour widows' houses, and for a pretense make long prayer...

James 5:1-4 Go to now, you rich men, weep and howl for your miseries that shall come on you...

Cross References
Luke 18:11
The Pharisee, standing by himself, prayed thus: 'God, I thank you that I am not like other men, extortioners, unjust, adulterers, or even like this tax collector.

Titus 1:15
To the pure, all things are pure, but to the defiled and unbelieving, nothing is pure; but both their minds and their consciences are defiled.

Titus 1:16
They profess to know God, but they deny him by their works. They are detestable, disobedient, unfit for any good work.

Proverbs 16:2
All the ways of a man are pure in his own eyes, but the LORD weighs the spirit.

Isaiah 65:5
who say, "Keep to yourself, do not come near me, for I am too holy for you." These are a smoke in my nostrils, a fire that burns all the day.

Jeremiah 2:23
How can you say, 'I am not unclean, I have not gone after the Baals'? Look at your way in the valley; know what you have done-- a restless young camel running here and there,

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