Proverbs 30:9
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
lest I be full and deny you and say, “Who is the LORD?” or lest I be poor and steal and profane the name of my God.

King James Bible
Lest I be full, and deny thee, and say, Who is the LORD? or lest I be poor, and steal, and take the name of my God in vain.

American Standard Version
Lest I be full, and deny thee , and say, Who is Jehovah? Or lest I be poor, and steal, And use profanely the name of my God.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Lest perhaps being filled, I should be tempted to deny, and say: Who is the Lord? or being compelled by poverty, I should steal, and forswear the name of my God.

English Revised Version
Lest I be full, and deny thee, and say, Who is the LORD? or lest I be poor, and steal, and use profanely the name of my God.

Webster's Bible Translation
Lest I be full, and deny thee, and say, Who is the LORD? or lest I be poor, and steal, and take the name of my God in vain.

Proverbs 30:9 Parallel
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The כי now following confirms the fruitlessness of the long zealous search:

2 For I am without reason for a man,

   And a man's understanding I have not.

3 And I have not learned wisdom,

   That I may possess the knowledge of the All-Holy.

He who cannot come to any fixed state of consecration, inasmuch as he is always driven more and more back from the goal he aims at, thereby brings guilt upon himself as a sinner so great, that every other man stands above him, and he is deep under them all. So here Agur finds the reason why in divine things he has failed to attain unto satisfying intelligence, not in the ignorance and inability common to all men - he appears to himself as not a man at all, but as an irrational beast, and he misses in himself the understanding which a man properly might have and ought to have. The מן of מאישׁ is not the partitive, like Isaiah 44:11, not the usual comparative: than any one (Bttcher), which ought to be expressed by מכּל־אישׁ, but it is the negative, as Isaiah 52:14; Fleischer: rudior ego sum quam ut homo appeller, or: brutus ego, hominis non similis. Regarding בּער, vid., under Proverbs 12:1.

(Note: According to the Arab. בעיר is not a beast as grazing, but as dropping stercus (ba'r, camel's or sheep's droppings); to the R. בר, Mhlau rightly gives the meanings of separating, whence are derived the meanings of grazing as well as of removing (cleansing) (cf. Pers. thak karadn, to make clean equals to make clean house, tabula rasa).)

Proverbs 30:3 now says that he went into no school of wisdom, and for that reason in his wrestling after knowledge could attain to nothing, because the necessary conditions to this were wanting to him. But then the question arises: Why this complaint? He must first go to school in order to obtain, according to the word "To him who hath is given," that for which he strove. Thus למדתּי refers to learning in the midst of wrestling; but למד, spiritually understood, signifies the acquiring of a kennens [knowledge] or knnens [knowledge equals ability]: he has not brought it out from the deep point of his condition of knowledge to make wisdom his own, so that he cannot adjudge to himself knowledge of the all-holy God (for this knowledge is the kernel and the star of true wisdom). If we read 3b לא אדע, this would be synchronistic, nesciebam, with למדתי standing on the same line. On the contrary, the positive אדע subordinates itself to ולא־למדתי, as the Arab. fâa' lama, in the sense of (ita) ut scirem scientiam Sanctissimi, thus of a conclusion, like Lamentations 1:19, a clause expressive of the intention, Ewald, 347a. קדשׁים is, as at Proverbs 9:10, the name of God in a superlative sense, like the Arab. el-kuddûs.

Proverbs 30:9 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

I be full

Deuteronomy 6:10-12 And it shall be, when the LORD your God shall have brought you into the land which he swore to your fathers, to Abraham, to Isaac...

Deuteronomy 8:10-14 When you have eaten and are full, then you shall bless the LORD your God for the good land which he has given you...

Deuteronomy 31:20 For when I shall have brought them into the land which I swore to their fathers, that flows with milk and honey...

Deuteronomy 32:15 But Jeshurun waxed fat, and kicked: you are waxen fat, you are grown thick, you are covered with fatness...

Nehemiah 9:25,26 And they took strong cities, and a fat land, and possessed houses full of all goods, wells dig, vineyards, and olive groves...

Job 31:24-28 If I have made gold my hope, or have said to the fine gold, You are my confidence...

Jeremiah 2:31 O generation, see you the word of the LORD. Have I been a wilderness to Israel? a land of darkness? why say my people, We are lords...

Ezekiel 16:14,15,49,50 And your renown went forth among the heathen for your beauty: for it was perfect through my comeliness, which I had put on you...

Daniel 4:17,30 This matter is by the decree of the watchers, and the demand by the word of the holy ones...

Hosea 13:6 According to their pasture, so were they filled; they were filled, and their heart was exalted; therefore have they forgotten me.

Acts 12:22,23 And the people gave a shout, saying, It is the voice of a god, and not of a man...

deny thee

Exodus 5:2 And Pharaoh said, Who is the LORD, that I should obey his voice to let Israel go? I know not the LORD, neither will I let Israel go.

2 Chronicles 32:15-17 Now therefore let not Hezekiah deceive you, nor persuade you on this manner, neither yet believe him...


Proverbs 6:30,31 Men do not despise a thief, if he steal to satisfy his soul when he is hungry...

Psalm 125:3 For the rod of the wicked shall not rest on the lot of the righteous; lest the righteous put forth their hands to iniquity.

and take the name

Proverbs 29:24 Whoever is partner with a thief hates his own soul: he hears cursing, and denudes it not.

Exodus 20:7 You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain; for the LORD will not hold him guiltless that takes his name in vain.

Leviticus 5:1 And if a soul sin, and hear the voice of swearing, and is a witness, whether he has seen or known of it; if he do not utter it...

Matthew 26:72,74 And again he denied with an oath, I do not know the man...

Cross References
Exodus 20:7
"You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain, for the LORD will not hold him guiltless who takes his name in vain.

Deuteronomy 8:12
lest, when you have eaten and are full and have built good houses and live in them,

Deuteronomy 31:20
For when I have brought them into the land flowing with milk and honey, which I swore to give to their fathers, and they have eaten and are full and grown fat, they will turn to other gods and serve them, and despise me and break my covenant.

Joshua 24:27
And Joshua said to all the people, "Behold, this stone shall be a witness against us, for it has heard all the words of the LORD that he spoke to us. Therefore it shall be a witness against you, lest you deal falsely with your God."

Nehemiah 9:25
And they captured fortified cities and a rich land, and took possession of houses full of all good things, cisterns already hewn, vineyards, olive orchards and fruit trees in abundance. So they ate and were filled and became fat and delighted themselves in your great goodness.

Job 31:28
this also would be an iniquity to be punished by the judges, for I would have been false to God above.

Proverbs 6:30
People do not despise a thief if he steals to satisfy his appetite when he is hungry,

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