Proverbs 31:19
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
She puts her hands to the distaff, and her hands hold the spindle.

King James Bible
She layeth her hands to the spindle, and her hands hold the distaff.

American Standard Version
She layeth her hands to the distaff, And her hands hold the spindle.

Douay-Rheims Bible
She hath put out her hand to strong things, and her fingers have taken hold of the spindle.

English Revised Version
She layeth her hands to the distaff, and her hands hold the spindle.

Webster's Bible Translation
She layeth her hands to the spindle, and her hands hold the distaff.

Proverbs 31:19 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The poet now describes how she disposes of things:

13 ד She careth for wool and flax,

        And worketh these with her hands' pleasure.

The verb דּרשׁ proceeds, as the Arab. shows,

(Note: The inquirer is there called (Arab.) daras, as libros terens.)

from the primary meaning terere; but to translate with reference thereto: tractat lanam et linum (lxx, Schultens, Dathe, Rosemller, Fleischer), is inadmissible. The Heb. דרשׁ does not mean the external working at or manufacturing of a thing; but it means, even when it refers to this, the intention of the mind purposely directed thereto. Thus wool and flax come into view as the material of work which she cares to bring in; and ותּעשׂ signifies the work itself, following the creation of the need of work. Hitzig translates the second line: she works at the business of her hands. Certainly ב after עשׂה may denote the sphere of activity, Exodus 31:4; 1 Kings 5:30, etc.; but if חפץ had here the weakened signification business, πρᾶγμα, - which it gains in the same way as we say business, affair, of any object of care - the scarcely established meaning presents itself, that she shows herself active in that which she has made the business of her hands. How much more beautiful, on the contrary, is the thought: she is active with her hands' pleasure! חפץ is, as Schultens rightly explains, inclinatio flexa et propensa in aliquid, and pulchre manibus diligentissimis attribuitur lubentia cum oblectatione et per oblectationem sese animans. עשׂה, without obj. accus., signifies often: to accomplish, e.g., Psalm 22:32; here it stands, in a sense, complete in itself, and without object. accus., as when it means "handeln" [agere], Proverbs 13:16, and particularly to act in the service of God equals to offer sacrifice, Exodus 10:25; it means here, and at Ruth 2:19; Habakkuk 2:4, to be active, as at Isaiah 19:15, to be effective; ותּעשׂ is equivalent to ותעשׂ בּמּלאכה or ותעשׂ מלאכתּהּ (cf. under Proverbs 10:4). And pleasure and love for the work, חפץ, can be attributed to the hands with the same right as at Psalm 78:72, discretion. The disposition which animates a man, especially his inner relation to the work devolving upon him, communicates itself to his hands, which, according as he has joy or aversion in regard to his work, will be nimble or clumsy. The Syr. translates: "and her hands are active after the pleasure of her heart;" but בחפץ is not equivalent to כּחפצהּ; also בּחפץ, in the sense of con amore (Bttcher), is not used.

Proverbs 31:19 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

she takes the spindle in her right hand, by twisting which she twists the thread; while she holds the distaff, on which the wool or flais?? rolled, in the guard of the left arm and draws down the thread with the fingers of the left hand

Exodus 35:25,26 And all the women that were wise hearted did spin with their hands, and brought that which they had spun, both of blue, and of purple...

Cross References
2 Samuel 3:29
May it fall upon the head of Joab and upon all his father's house, and may the house of Joab never be without one who has a discharge or who is leprous or who holds a spindle or who falls by the sword or who lacks bread!"

Proverbs 31:18
She perceives that her merchandise is profitable. Her lamp does not go out at night.

Proverbs 31:20
She opens her hand to the poor and reaches out her hands to the needy.

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