Proverbs 4:20
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
My son, be attentive to my words; incline your ear to my sayings.

King James Bible
My son, attend to my words; incline thine ear unto my sayings.

American Standard Version
My son, attend to my words; Incline thine ear unto my sayings.

Douay-Rheims Bible
My son, hearken to my words, and incline thy ear to my sayings.

English Revised Version
My son, attend to my words; incline thine ear unto my sayings.

Webster's Bible Translation
My son, attend to my words; incline thy ear to my sayings.

Proverbs 4:20 Parallel
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The exhortations attracting by means of promises, now become warnings fitted to alarm:

13 Hold fast to instruction, let her not go;

     Keep her, for she is thy life.

14 Into the path of the wicked enter not,

     And walk not in the way of the evil

15 Avoid it, enter not into it;

     Turn from it and pass away.

16 For they cannot sleep unless they do evil,

     And they are deprived of sleep unless they bring others to ruin.

17 For they eat the bread of wickedness,

     And they drink the wine of violence.

Elsewhere מוּסר means also self-discipline, or moral religious education, Proverbs 1:3; here discipline, i.e., parental educative counsel. תּרף is the segolated fut. apoc. Hiph. (indic. תּרפּה) from tarp, cf. the imper. Hiph. הרף from harp. נצּרה is the imper. Kal (not Piel, as Aben Ezra thinks) with Dagesh dirimens; cf. the verbal substantive נצּרה Psalm 141:3, with similar Dagesh, after the form יקּהה, Genesis 49:10. מוּסר (elsewhere always masc.) is here used in the fem. as the synonym of the name of wisdom: keep her (instruction), for she is thy life,

(Note: Punctuate כּי היא; the Zinnorith represents the place of the Makkeph, vid., Torath Emeth, p. 9.)

i.e., the life of thy life. In Proverbs 4:14 the godless (vid., on the root-idea of רשׁע under Psalm 1:1) and the habitually wicked, i.e., the vicious, stand in parallelism; בּוא and אשּׁר are related as entering and going on, ingressus and progressus. The verb אשׁר signifies, like ישׁר, to be straight, even, fortunate, whence אשׁר equals Arab. yusâr, happiness, and to step straight out, Proverbs 9:6, of which meanings אשּׁר is partly the intensive, as here, partly the causative, Proverbs 23:19 (elsewhere causative of the meaning, to be happy, Genesis 30:13). The meaning progredi is not mediated by a supplementary צעדיו; the derivative אשׁוּר (אשּׁוּר), a step, shows that it is derived immediately from the root-idea of a movement in a straight line. Still less justifiable is the rendering by Schultens, ne vestigia imprimas in via malorum; for the Arab. âththr is denom. of ithr, אתר, the primitive verb roots of which, athr, אתר equals אשׁר, are lost.

Proverbs 4:20 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Proverbs 5:1 My son, attend to my wisdom, and bow your ear to my understanding:

Proverbs 6:20,21 My son, keep your father's commandment, and forsake not the law of your mother...

Proverbs 7:1 My son, keep my words, and lay up my commandments with you.

Psalm 78:1 Give ear, O my people, to my law: incline your ears to the words of my mouth.

Psalm 90:12 So teach us to number our days, that we may apply our hearts to wisdom.

Isaiah 55:3 Incline your ear, and come to me: hear, and your soul shall live; and I will make an everlasting covenant with you...

Matthew 17:5 While he yet spoke, behold, a bright cloud overshadowed them: and behold a voice out of the cloud, which said, This is my beloved Son...

Cross References
Proverbs 2:2
making your ear attentive to wisdom and inclining your heart to understanding;

Proverbs 5:1
My son, be attentive to my wisdom; incline your ear to my understanding,

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