Proverbs 6:19
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
a false witness who breathes out lies, and one who sows discord among brothers.

King James Bible
A false witness that speaketh lies, and he that soweth discord among brethren.

American Standard Version
A false witness that uttereth lies, And he that soweth discord among brethren.

Douay-Rheims Bible
A deceitful witness that uttereth lies, and him that soweth discord among brethren.

English Revised Version
A false witness that uttereth lies, and he that soweth discord among brethren.

Webster's Bible Translation
A false witness that speaketh lies, and him that soweth discord among brethren.

Proverbs 6:19 Parallel
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

קורץ בּעיניו is translated according to the sense: who winks (nictat) with his eyes; but that is not the proper meaning of the word, for קרץ is used not only of the eyes. Proverbs 10:10 (cf. Proverbs 16:30, qui oculos morsicat or connivet), Psalm 35:19, but also of the lips, Proverbs 16:30. Thus Lwenstein's explanation: who opens up the eyes, is incorrect. The verb קרץ unites in it the meanings of Arab. qrts, to pinch off with a sharp implement, and Arab. qrd, with a blunt instrument (Arab. miḳraḍ, pincers). It means to pince, to nip, as Arab. ḳarṣ, pincer - e.g., ḳarṣ balskyn alarsasat, he cuts off with the knife the leaden seal - hence frequently, to nip together the eyes, provincially: to wink ("zwickern," frequent. of "zwicken," to nip) with the eyes - the action of the deceiver, who thereby gives the sign to others that they help or at least do not hinder him from bantering and mocking, belying and deceiving a third person (Fl.); cf. Ali's proverb, "O God, pardon to us the culpable winking with the eye (ramzat)," and Fleischer's notes thereon, the Proverbs of Ali, p. 100f.

That the words which follow, בּרגליו מולל, are meant of discourse, i.e., the giving of signs, with the feet, and, so to say, significant oratio pedestris (lxx, Aben-Ezra, Bertheau, Hitzig, and others), is very improbable, since the usage of language has set apart the Piel מלּל for the meaning loqui, and מולל admits another suitable signification, for מולל means in Talmudic fricare, confricare - e.g., המולל מלילות, he who grinds the parched ears of corn (b. Beza 12b; Ma'seroth, iv. 5) - after which Syr., Targ., תכס (stamping), Aq. τρίβων, Symm. προστρίβων, Jerome, (qui) terit pede, and Rashi משׁפשׁף (grinding, scratching); it means one who scrapes with his feet, draws them backwards and forwards on the ground in order thereby to give a sign to others; also the Arab. mll, levem et agilem esse, which as the synonym of Arab. sr is connected with Arab. fı̂ of the way, signifies properly to move the feet quickly hither and thither (Fl.).

(Note: The root-idea of the Arab. mall is unquietness of motion; the Arab. noun mallt signifies the glow with its flickering light and burning: glowing ashes, inner agitation, external haste; Arab. malil (מלל) is the feverish patient, but also one quickly hastening away, and generally an impatient or hasty person (vid., Wetstein in Baudissin in his Job. Tischendorfianus, vii. 6). The grinding is made by means of a quick movement hither and thither; and so also is speaking, for the instrument of speech, particularly the tongue, is set in motion. Only the meaning praecidere, circumcidere, does not connect itself with that root-idea: מל in this signification appears to be a nance of מר, stringere.)

מרה appears here, in accordance with its primary signification (projicere, sc. brachium or digitum equals monstrare), connected with בּעצבּעתיו; another expression for this scornful, malicious δακτυλοδεικνεῖν is שׁלח אצבּע, Isaiah 58:9.

Proverbs 6:19 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

a false

Psalm 12:2,3 They speak vanity every one with his neighbor: with flattering lips and with a double heart do they speak...

Psalm 19:5,9 Which is as a bridegroom coming out of his chamber, and rejoices as a strong man to run a race...

Psalm 25:18 Look on my affliction and my pain; and forgive all my sins.

Exodus 20:16 You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.

Exodus 23:1 You shall not raise a false report: put not your hand with the wicked to be an unrighteous witness.

Deuteronomy 19:16-20 If a false witness rise up against any man to testify against him that which is wrong...

1 Kings 21:10-15 And set two men, sons of Belial, before him, to bear witness against him, saying, You did blaspheme God and the king...

Psalm 27:12 Deliver me not over to the will of my enemies: for false witnesses are risen up against me, and such as breathe out cruelty.

Psalm 35:11 False witnesses did rise up; they laid to my charge things that I knew not.

Matthew 15:19 For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false witness, blasphemies:

Matthew 26:59 Now the chief priests, and elders, and all the council, sought false witness against Jesus, to put him to death;

Acts 6:13 And set up false witnesses, which said, This man ceases not to speak blasphemous words against this holy place, and the law:

that soweth

Proverbs 6:14 Frowardness is in his heart, he devises mischief continually; he sows discord.

Proverbs 16:28 A fraudulent man sows strife: and a whisperer separates chief friends.

Proverbs 22:10 Cast out the scorner, and contention shall go out; yes, strife and reproach shall cease.

Proverbs 26:20 Where no wood is, there the fire goes out: so where there is no talebearer, the strife ceases.

2 Timothy 2:23 But foolish and unlearned questions avoid, knowing that they do engender strifes.

James 3:14-16,18 But if you have bitter envying and strife in your hearts, glory not, and lie not against the truth...

3 John 1:9,10 I wrote to the church: but Diotrephes, who loves to have the preeminence among them, receives us not...

Cross References
Psalm 27:12
Give me not up to the will of my adversaries; for false witnesses have risen against me, and they breathe out violence.

Proverbs 6:14
with perverted heart devises evil, continually sowing discord;

Proverbs 12:17
Whoever speaks the truth gives honest evidence, but a false witness utters deceit.

Proverbs 14:5
A faithful witness does not lie, but a false witness breathes out lies.

Proverbs 19:5
A false witness will not go unpunished, and he who breathes out lies will not escape.

Proverbs 19:9
A false witness will not go unpunished, and he who breathes out lies will perish.

Proverbs 21:28
A false witness will perish, but the word of a man who hears will endure.

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