Proverbs 6:31
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
but if he is caught, he will pay sevenfold; he will give all the goods of his house.

King James Bible
But if he be found, he shall restore sevenfold; he shall give all the substance of his house.

American Standard Version
But if he be found, he shall restore sevenfold; He shall give all the substance of his house.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And if he be taken he shall restore sevenfold, and shall give up all the substance of his house.

English Revised Version
But if he be found, he shall restore sevenfold; he shall give all the substance of his house.

Webster's Bible Translation
But if he is found, he shall restore seven-fold; he shall give all the substance of his house.

Proverbs 6:31 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The proaemium of these twelve proverbial discourses is now at an end. Wisdom herself begins striking the note of the Decalogue:

25 Long not for her beauty in thy heart,

     And let her not catch thee with her eyelids;

26 Because for a harlot one cometh down to a piece of bread,

     And a man's wife lieth in wait for a precious soul.

The warning 25a is in the spirit of the "thou shalt not covet," Exodus 20:17, and the ἐν τῇ καρδίᾳ αὑτοῦ, Matthew 5:28, of the Preacher on the Mount. The Talmudic proverb הרהודי עבירה קשו מעבירה (Joma 29a) means only that the imagination of the sinful act exhausts the body even more than the act itself. The warning, "let her not catch thee with her eyelids," refers to her (the adulteress's) coquettish ogling and amorous winking. In the reason added, beginning with כּי בעד־ (thus it is to be punctuated), there is the appositional connection אשּׁה זונה, Gesen. 113; the idea of זונה goes over into 26b. "לחם כּכּר [ equals כּרכּר, R. kr, to round, vid., at Genesis 49:5], properly a circle of bread, is a small round piece of bread, such as is still baked in Italy (pagnotta) and in the East (Arab. ḳurṣ), here an expression for the smallest piece" (Fl.). בּעד (constr. of בּעד), as Job 2:4; Isaiah 32:14, is used in the sense of ὑπέρ, pro, and with עד there is connected the idea of the coming down to this low point. Ewald, Bertheau explain after the lxx, τιμὴ γὰρ πόρνης ὅση καὶ ἑνὸς ἄρτου, γυνὴ δὲ ἀνδρῶν τιμίας ψυχὰς ἀγρεύει. But nothing is said here of price (reward); the parallelism is synonymous, not antithetic: he is doubly threatened with loss who enters upon such a course. The adulterer squanders his means (Proverbs 29:3) to impoverishment (vid., the mention of a loaf of bread in the description of poverty 1 Samuel 2:36), and a man's wife (but at the same time seeking converse with another) makes a prey of a precious soul; for whoever consents to adulterous converse with her, loses not perhaps his means, but certainly freedom, purity, dignity of soul, yea, his own person. צוּד comprehends - as צידון, fisher's town [Zidon], Arab. ṣyâd, hunter and fisher, show - all kinds of hunting, but in Hebr. is used only of the hunting of wild beasts. The root-meaning (cf. צדיּה) is to spy, to seize.

Proverbs 6:31 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

if

Exodus 22:1,3,4 If a man shall steal an ox, or a sheep, and kill it, or sell it; he shall restore five oxen for an ox, and four sheep for a sheep...

2 Samuel 12:6 And he shall restore the lamb fourfold, because he did this thing, and because he had no pity.

Job 20:18 That which he labored for shall he restore, and shall not swallow it down: according to his substance shall the restitution be...

Luke 19:8 And Zacchaeus stood, and said to the Lord: Behold, Lord, the half of my goods I give to the poor...

he shall give

Matthew 18:25 But for as much as he had not to pay, his lord commanded him to be sold, and his wife, and children, and all that he had...

Cross References
Genesis 4:15
Then the LORD said to him, "Not so! If anyone kills Cain, vengeance shall be taken on him sevenfold." And the LORD put a mark on Cain, lest any who found him should attack him.

Exodus 22:1
"If a man steals an ox or a sheep, and kills it or sells it, he shall repay five oxen for an ox, and four sheep for a sheep.

Psalm 79:12
Return sevenfold into the lap of our neighbors the taunts with which they have taunted you, O Lord!

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