Psalm 109:31
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
For he stands at the right hand of the needy one, to save him from those who condemn his soul to death.

King James Bible
For he shall stand at the right hand of the poor, to save him from those that condemn his soul.

American Standard Version
For he will stand at the right hand of the needy, To save him from them that judge his soul.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Because he hath stood at the right hand of the poor, to save my soul from persecutors

English Revised Version
For he shall stand at the right hand of the needy, to save him from them that judge his soul.

Webster's Bible Translation
For he will stand at the right hand of the poor, to save him from those that condemn his soul.

Psalm 109:31 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The thunder and lightning are now as it were followed by a shower of tears of deep sorrowful complaint. Psalm 109 here just as strikingly accords with Psalm 69, as Psalm 69 does with Psalm 22 in the last strophe but one. The twofold name Jahve Adonaj (vid., Symbolae, p. 16) corresponds to the deep-breathed complaint. עשׂה אתּי, deal with me, i.e., succouring me, does not greatly differ from לי in 1 Samuel 14:6. The confirmation, Psalm 109:21, runs like Psalm 69:17 : Thy loving-kindness is טּוב, absolutely good, the ground of everything that is good and the end of all evil. Hitzig conjectures, as in Psalm 69:17, חסדך כּטוב, "according to the goodness of Thy loving-kindness;" but this formula is without example: "for Thy loving-kindness is good" is a statement of the motive placed first and corresponding to the "for thy Name's sake." In Psalm 109:22 (a variation of Psalm 55:5) חלל, not חלל, is traditional; this חלל, as being verb. denom. from חלל, signifies to be pierced, and is therefore equivalent to חולל (cf. Luke 2:35). The metaphor of the shadow in Psalm 109:23 is as in Psalm 102:12. When the day declines, the shadow lengthens, it becomes longer and longer (Virgil, majoresque cadunt altis de montibus umbrae), till it vanishes in the universal darkness. Thus does the life of the sufferer pass away. The poet intentionally uses the Niph. נהלכתּי (another reading is נהלכתּי); it is a power rushing upon him from without that drives him away thus after the manner of a shadow into the night. The locust or grasshopper (apart from the plague of the locusts) is proverbial as being a defenceless, inoffensive little creature that is soon driven away, Job 39:20. ננער, to be shaken out or off (cf. Arabic na‛ûra, a water-wheel that fills its clay-vessels in the river and empties them out above, and הנּער, Zechariah 11:16, where Hitzig wishes to read הנּער, dispulsio equals dispulsi). The fasting in Psalm 109:24 is the result of the loathing of all food which sets in with deep grief. כּחשׁ משּׁמן signifies to waste away so that there is no more fat left.

(Note: The verbal group כחשׁ, כחד, Arab. ḥajda, kaḥuṭa, etc. has the primary signification of withdrawal and taking away or decrease; to deny is the same as to withdraw from agreement, and he becomes thin from whom the fat withdraws, goes away. Saadia compares on this passage (פרה) בהמה כחושׁה, a lean cow, Berachoth 32a. In like manner Targum II renders Genesis 41:27 תּורתא כהישׁתא, the lean kine.)

In Psalm 109:25 אני is designedly rendered prominent: in this the form of his affliction he is the butt of their reproaching, and they shake their heads doubtfully, looking upon him as one who is punished of God beyond all hope, and giving him up for lost. It is to be interpreted thus after Psalm 69:11.

Psalm 109:31 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

for he

Psalm 16:8 I have set the LORD always before me: because he is at my right hand, I shall not be moved.

Psalm 73:23 Nevertheless I am continually with you: you have held me by my right hand.

Psalm 110:5 The Lord at your right hand shall strike through kings in the day of his wrath.

Psalm 121:5 The LORD is your keeper: the LORD is your shade on your right hand.

poor

Psalm 109:16 Because that he remembered not to show mercy, but persecuted the poor and needy man, that he might even slay the broken in heart.

Psalm 68:5 A father of the fatherless, and a judge of the widows, is God in his holy habitation.

Psalm 72:4,12,13 He shall judge the poor of the people, he shall save the children of the needy, and shall break in pieces the oppressor...

Psalm 140:12 I know that the LORD will maintain the cause of the afflicted, and the right of the poor.

to save

Psalm 10:14 You have seen it; for you behold mischief and spite, to requite it with your hand: the poor commits himself to you...

Exodus 22:22-24 You shall not afflict any widow, or fatherless child...

Proverbs 22:22,23 Rob not the poor, because he is poor: neither oppress the afflicted in the gate...

Ecclesiastes 5:8 If you see the oppression of the poor, and violent perverting of judgment and justice in a province, marvel not at the matter...

Isaiah 54:17 No weapon that is formed against you shall prosper; and every tongue that shall rise against you in judgment you shall condemn...

Acts 4:10-12 Be it known to you all, and to all the people of Israel, that by the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, whom you crucified...

Acts 5:30,31 The God of our fathers raised up Jesus, whom you slew and hanged on a tree...

those that condemn. Heb. the judges of

Cross References
Psalm 16:8
I have set the LORD always before me; because he is at my right hand, I shall not be shaken.

Psalm 37:33
The LORD will not abandon him to his power or let him be condemned when he is brought to trial.

Psalm 73:23
Nevertheless, I am continually with you; you hold my right hand.

Psalm 110:5
The Lord is at your right hand; he will shatter kings on the day of his wrath.

Psalm 121:5
The LORD is your keeper; the LORD is your shade on your right hand.

Jump to Previous
Condemn David Death Hand Hands Judge Judging Life Needy Poor Psalm Right Save Soul Stand Standeth Stands
Jump to Next
Condemn David Death Hand Hands Judge Judging Life Needy Poor Psalm Right Save Soul Stand Standeth Stands
Links
Psalm 109:31 NIV
Psalm 109:31 NLT
Psalm 109:31 ESV
Psalm 109:31 NASB
Psalm 109:31 KJV

Psalm 109:31 Bible Apps
Psalm 109:31 Biblia Paralela
Psalm 109:31 Chinese Bible
Psalm 109:31 French Bible
Psalm 109:31 German Bible

Bible Hub

ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
Psalm 109:30
Top of Page
Top of Page