Psalm 111:1
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Praise the LORD! I will give thanks to the LORD with my whole heart, in the company of the upright, in the congregation.

King James Bible
Praise ye the LORD. I will praise the LORD with my whole heart, in the assembly of the upright, and in the congregation.

American Standard Version
Praise ye Jehovah. I will give thanks unto Jehovah with my whole heart, In the council of the upright, and in the congregation.

Douay-Rheims Bible
I will praise thee, O Lord, with my whole heart; in the council of the just: and in the congregation.

English Revised Version
Praise ye the LORD. I will give thanks unto the LORD with my whole heart, in the council of the upright, and in the congregation.

Webster's Bible Translation
Praise ye the LORD. I will praise the LORD with my whole heart, in the assembly of the upright, and in the congregation.

Psalm 111:1 Parallel
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

In Psalm 20:1-9 and Psalm 21:1-13 we see at once in the openings that what we have before us is the language of the people concerning their king. Here לאדני in Psalm 110:1 does not favour this, and נאם is decidedly against it. The former does not favour it, for it is indeed correct that the subject calls his king "my lord," e.g., 1 Samuel 22:12, although the more exact form of address is "my lord the king," e.g., 1 Samuel 24:9; but if the people are speaking here, what is the object of the title of honour being expressed as if coming from the mouth of an individual, and why not rather, as in Psalm 20-21, למלך or למשׁיחו? נאם is, however, decisive against the supposition that it is an Israelite who here expresses himself concerning the relation of his king to Jahve. For it is absurd to suppose that an Israelite speaking in the name of the people would begin in the manner of the prophets with נאם, more particularly since this נאם ה placed thus at the head of the discourse is without any perfectly analogous example (1 Samuel 2:30; Isaiah 1:24 are only similar) elsewhere, and is therefore extremely important. In general this opening position of נאם, even in cases where other genitives that יהוה follow, is very rare; נאם Numbers 24:3., Numbers 24:15, of David in 2 Samuel 23:1, of Agur in Proverbs 30:1, and always (even in Psalm 36:2) in an oracular signification. Moreover, if one from among the people were speaking, the declaration ought to be a retrospective glance at a past utterance of God. But, first, the history knows nothing of any such divine utterance; and secondly, נאם ה always introduces God as actually speaking, to which even the passage cited by Hofmann to the contrary, Numbers 14:28, forms no exception. Thus it will consequently not be a past utterance of God to which the poet glances back here, but one which David has just now heard ἐν πνεύματι (Matthew 22:43), and is therefore not a declaration of the people concerning David, but of David concerning Christ. The unique character of the declaration confirms this. Of the king of Israel it is said that he sits on the throne of Jahve (1 Chronicles 29:23), viz., as visible representative of the invisible King (1 Chronicles 28:5); Jahve, however, commands the person here addressed to take his place at His right hand. The right hand of a king is the highest place of honour, 1 Kings 2:19.

(Note: Cf. the custom of the old Arabian kings to have their viceroy (ridf) sitting at their right hand, Monumenta antiquiss. hist. Arabum, ed. Eichhorn, p. 220.)

Here the sitting at the right hand signifies not merely an idle honour, but reception into the fellowship of God as regards dignity and dominion, exaltation to a participation in God's reigning (βασιλεύειν, 1 Corinthians 15:25). Just as Jahve sits enthroned in the heavens and laughs at the rebels here below, so shall he who is exalted henceforth share this blessed calm with Him, until He subdues all enemies to him, and therefore makes him the unlimited, universally acknowledged ruler. עד as in Hosea 10:12, for עד־כּי or עד־אשׁר, does not exclude the time that lies beyond, but as in Psalm 112:8, Genesis 49:10, includes it, and in fact so that it at any rate marks the final subjugation of the enemies as a turning-point with which something else comes about (vid., Acts 3:21; 1 Corinthians 15:28). הדם is an accusative of the predicate. The enemies shall come to lie under his feet (1 Kings 5:17), his feet tread upon the necks of the vanquished (Joshua 10:24), so that the resistance that is overcome becomes as it were the dark ground upon which the glory of his victorious rule arises. For the history of time ends with the triumph of good over evil, - not, however, with the annihilation of evil, but with its subjugation. This is the issue, inasmuch as absolute omnipotence is effectual on behalf of and through the exalted Christ. In Psalm 110:2, springing from the utterance of Jahve, follow words expressing a prophetic prospect. Zion is the imperial abode of the great future King (Psalm 2:6). מטּה עזּך (cf. Jeremiah 48:17; Ezekiel 19:11-14) signifies "the sceptre (as insignia and the medium of exercise) of the authority delegated to thee" (1 Samuel 2:10, Micah 5:3). Jahve will stretch this sceptre far forth from Zion: no goal is mentioned up to which it shall extend, but passages like Zechariah 9:10 show how the prophets understand such Psalms. In Psalm 110:2 follow the words with which Jahve accompanies this extension of the dominion of the exalted One. Jahve will lay all his enemies at his feet, but not in such a manner that he himself remains idle in the matter. Thus, then, having come into the midst of the sphere (בּקרב) of his enemies, shall he reign, forcing them to submission and holding them down. We read this רדה in a Messianic connection in Psalm 72:8. So even in the prophecy of Balaam (Numbers 24:19), where the sceptre (Numbers 24:17) is an emblem of the Messiah Himself.

Psalm 111:1 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge


3468. B.C.

Praise ye the Lord. Heb. Hallelujah

Psalm 106:1,48 Praise you the LORD. O give thanks to the LORD; for he is good: for his mercy endures for ever...

as this is an alphabetical Psalm, every member of each verse beginning consecutively with a letter of the Hebrew alphabet, Hallelujah, which begins with the fifth, must be considered as the title.

I will

Psalm 9:1 I will praise you, O LORD, with my whole heart; I will show forth all your marvelous works.

Psalm 103:1 Bless the LORD, O my soul: and all that is within me, bless his holy name.

Psalm 138:1 I will praise you with my whole heart: before the gods will I sing praise to you.


Psalm 22:25 My praise shall be of you in the great congregation: I will pay my vows before them that fear him.

Psalm 35:18 I will give you thanks in the great congregation: I will praise you among much people.

Psalm 40:9,10 I have preached righteousness in the great congregation: see, I have not refrained my lips, O LORD, you know...

Psalm 89:5,7 And the heavens shall praise your wonders, O LORD: your faithfulness also in the congregation of the saints...

Psalm 107:32 Let them exalt him also in the congregation of the people, and praise him in the assembly of the elders.

Psalm 108:3 I will praise you, O LORD, among the people: and I will sing praises to you among the nations.

Psalm 109:30 I will greatly praise the LORD with my mouth; yes, I will praise him among the multitude.

Psalm 149:1 Praise you the LORD. Sing to the LORD a new song, and his praise in the congregation of saints.

1 Chronicles 29:10-20 Why David blessed the LORD before all the congregation: and David said, Blessed be you, LORD God of Israel our father...

2 Chronicles 6:3,4 And the king turned his face, and blessed the whole congregation of Israel: and all the congregation of Israel stood...

2 Chronicles 20:26-28 And on the fourth day they assembled themselves in the valley of Berachah; for there they blessed the LORD...

Cross References
Psalm 35:18
I will thank you in the great congregation; in the mighty throng I will praise you.

Psalm 86:12
I give thanks to you, O Lord my God, with my whole heart, and I will glorify your name forever.

Psalm 89:7
a God greatly to be feared in the council of the holy ones, and awesome above all who are around him?

Psalm 109:30
With my mouth I will give great thanks to the LORD; I will praise him in the midst of the throng.

Psalm 138:1
I give you thanks, O LORD, with my whole heart; before the gods I sing your praise;

Psalm 149:1
Praise the LORD! Sing to the LORD a new song, his praise in the assembly of the godly!

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