Psalm 114:4
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
The mountains skipped like rams, the hills like lambs.

King James Bible
The mountains skipped like rams, and the little hills like lambs.

American Standard Version
The mountains skipped like rams, The little hills like lambs.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The mountains skipped like rams, and the hills like the lambs of the flock.

English Revised Version
The mountains skipped like rams, the little hills like young sheep.

Webster's Bible Translation
The mountains skipped like rams, and the little hills like lambs.

Psalm 114:4 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The thoughts of Psalm 113:7 and Psalm 113:8 are transplanted from the song of Hannah. עפר, according to 1 Kings 16:2, cf. Psalm 14:7, is an emblem of lowly estate (Hitzig), and אשׁפּת (from שׁפת) an emblem of the deepest poverty and desertion; for in Syria and Palestine the man who is shut out from society lies upon the mezbele (the dunghill or heap of ashes), by day calling upon the passers-by for alms, and by night hiding himself in the ashes that have been warmed by the sun (Job, ii. 152). The movement of the thoughts in Psalm 113:8, as in Psalm 113:1, follows the model of the epizeuxis. Together with the song of Hannah the poet has before his eye Hannah's exaltation out of sorrow and reproach. He does not, however, repeat the words of her song which have reference to this (1 Samuel 2:5), but clothes his generalization of her experience in his own language. If he intended that עקרת should be understood out of the genitival relation after the form עטרת, why did he not write מושׁיבי הבּית עקרה? הבּית would then be equivalent to בּיתה, Psalm 68:7. עקרת הבּית is the expression for a woman who is a wife, and therefore housewife, הבּית (בּעלת) נות, but yet not a mother. Such an one has no settled position in the house of the husband, the firm bond is wanting in her relationship to her husband. If God gives her children, He thereby makes her then thoroughly at home and rooted-in in her position. In the predicate notion אם הבּנים שׂמחה the definiteness attaches to the second member of the string of words, as in Genesis 48:19; 2 Samuel 12:30 (cf. the reverse instance in Jeremiah 23:26, נבּאי השּׁקר, those prophesying that which is false), therefore: a mother of the children. The poet brings the matter so vividly before him, that he points as it were with his finger to the children with which God blesses her.

Psalm 114:4 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Psalm 39:6 Surely every man walks in a vain show: surely they are disquieted in vain: he heaps up riches, and knows not who shall gather them.

Psalm 68:16 Why leap you, you high hills? this is the hill which God desires to dwell in; yes, the LORD will dwell in it for ever.

Exodus 19:18 And mount Sinai was altogether on a smoke, because the LORD descended on it in fire...

Exodus 20:18 And all the people saw the thunder, and the lightning, and the noise of the trumpet, and the mountain smoking...

Judges 5:4,5 LORD, when you went out of Seir, when you marched out of the field of Edom, the earth trembled, and the heavens dropped...

Jeremiah 4:23,24 I beheld the earth, and, see, it was without form, and void; and the heavens, and they had no light...

Micah 1:3,4 For, behold, the LORD comes forth out of his place, and will come down, and tread on the high places of the earth...

Nahum 1:5 The mountains quake at him, and the hills melt, and the earth is burned at his presence, yes, the world, and all that dwell therein.

Habakkuk 3:6,8 He stood, and measured the earth: he beheld, and drove asunder the nations; and the everlasting mountains were scattered...

2 Peter 3:7-11 But the heavens and the earth, which are now, by the same word are kept in store...

Revelation 20:11 And I saw a great white throne, and him that sat on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away...

Cross References
Exodus 19:18
Now Mount Sinai was wrapped in smoke because the LORD had descended on it in fire. The smoke of it went up like the smoke of a kiln, and the whole mountain trembled greatly.

Judges 5:5
The mountains quaked before the LORD, even Sinai before the LORD, the God of Israel.

Psalm 18:7
Then the earth reeled and rocked; the foundations also of the mountains trembled and quaked, because he was angry.

Psalm 29:6
He makes Lebanon to skip like a calf, and Sirion like a young wild ox.

Habakkuk 3:6
He stood and measured the earth; he looked and shook the nations; then the eternal mountains were scattered; the everlasting hills sank low. His were the everlasting ways.

Zechariah 4:7
Who are you, O great mountain? Before Zerubbabel you shall become a plain. And he shall bring forward the top stone amid shouts of 'Grace, grace to it!'"

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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