Psalm 120:4
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
A warrior’s sharp arrows, with glowing coals of the broom tree!

King James Bible
Sharp arrows of the mighty, with coals of juniper.

American Standard Version
Sharp arrows of the mighty, With coals of juniper.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The sharp arrows of the mighty, with coals that lay waste.

English Revised Version
Sharp arrows of the mighty, with coals of juniper.

Webster's Bible Translation
Sharp arrows of the mighty, with coals of juniper.

Psalm 120:4 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The eightfold Tav. May God answer this his supplication as He has heard his praise, and interest Himself on behalf of His servant, the sheep that is exposed to great danger. The petitions "give me understanding" and "deliver me" go hand-in-hand, because the poet is one who is persecuted for the sake of his faith, and is just as much in need of the fortifying of his faith as of deliverance from the outward restraint that is put upon him. רנּה is a shrill audible prayer; תּחנּה, a fervent and urgent prayer. ענה, prop. to answer, signifies in Psalm 119:172 to begin, strike up, attune (as does ἀποκρίνεσθαι also sometimes). According to the rule in Psalm 50:23 the poet bases his petition for help upon the purpose of thankful praise of God and of His word. Knowing how to value rightly what he possesses, he is warranted in further supplicating and hoping for the good that he does not as yet possess. The "salvation" for which he longs (תּאב as in Psalm 119:40, Psalm 119:20) is redemption from the evil world, in which the life of his own soul is imperilled. May then God's judgments (defective plural, as in Psalm 119:43, Psalm 119:149, which the Syriac only takes a singular) succour him (יעזּרני, not יעזרני). God's hand, Psalm 119:173, and God's word afford him succour; the two are involved in one another, the word is the medium of His hand. After this relationship of the poet to God's word, which is attested a hundredfold in the Psalm, it may seem strange that he can say of himself תּעיתי כּשׂה אבד; and perhaps the accentuation is correct when it does not allow itself to be determined by Isaiah 53:6, but interprets: If I have gone astray - seek Thou like a lost sheep Thy servant. שׂה אבד is a sheep that is lost (cf. אבדים as an appellation of the dispersion, Isaiah 27:13) and in imminent danger of total destruction (cf. Psalm 31:13 with Leviticus 26:38). In connection with that interpretation which is followed by the interpunction, Psalm 119:176 is also more easily connected with what precedes: his going astray is no apostasy; his home, to which he longs to return when he has been betrayed into by-ways, is beside the Lord.

Psalm 120:4 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

sharp, etc. or, it is as the sharp arrows of the mighty men, with coals of juniper.

Psalm 57:4 My soul is among lions: and I lie even among them that are set on fire, even the sons of men, whose teeth are spears and arrows...

Psalm 59:7 Behold, they belch out with their mouth: swords are in their lips: for who, say they, does hear?

Proverbs 11:9,12,18 An hypocrite with his mouth destroys his neighbor: but through knowledge shall the just be delivered...

Proverbs 16:27 An ungodly man digs up evil: and in his lips there is as a burning fire.

Proverbs 18:8,21 The words of a talebearer are as wounds, and they go down into the innermost parts of the belly...

James 3:5-8 Even so the tongue is a little member, and boasts great things. Behold, how great a matter a little fire kindles!...

arrows

Psalm 7:13 He has also prepared for him the instruments of death; he ordains his arrows against the persecutors.

Psalm 52:5 God shall likewise destroy you for ever, he shall take you away, and pluck you out of your dwelling place...

Psalm 140:9,11 As for the head of those that compass me about, let the mischief of their own lips cover them...

Deuteronomy 32:23,24 I will heap mischiefs on them; I will spend my arrows on them...

Proverbs 12:22 Lying lips are abomination to the LORD: but they that deal truly are his delight.

Proverbs 19:5,9 A false witness shall not be unpunished, and he that speaks lies shall not escape...

Revelation 21:8 But the fearful, and unbelieving, and the abominable, and murderers, and fornicators, and sorcerers, and idolaters...

Cross References
Ephesians 6:16
In all circumstances take up the shield of faith, with which you can extinguish all the flaming darts of the evil one;

Psalm 45:5
Your arrows are sharp in the heart of the king's enemies; the peoples fall under you.

Psalm 127:4
Like arrows in the hand of a warrior are the children of one's youth.

Psalm 140:10
Let burning coals fall upon them! Let them be cast into fire, into miry pits, no more to rise!

Proverbs 25:18
A man who bears false witness against his neighbor is like a war club, or a sword, or a sharp arrow.

Isaiah 5:28
their arrows are sharp, all their bows bent, their horses' hoofs seem like flint, and their wheels like the whirlwind.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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