Psalm 127:1
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Unless the LORD builds the house, those who build it labor in vain. Unless the LORD watches over the city, the watchman stays awake in vain.

King James Bible
A Song of degrees for Solomon. Except the LORD build the house, they labour in vain that build it: except the LORD keep the city, the watchman waketh but in vain.

American Standard Version
Except Jehovah build the house, They labor in vain that build it: Except Jehovah keep the city, The watchman waketh but in vain.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Unless the Lord build the house, they labour in vain that build it. Unless the Lord keep the city, he watcheth in vain that keepeth it.

English Revised Version
A Song of Ascents; of Solomon. Except the LORD build the house, they labour in vain that build it: except the LORD keep the city, the watchman waketh but in vain.

Webster's Bible Translation
A Song of degrees for Solomon. Except the LORD shall build the house, they labor in vain that build it: except the LORD shall keep the city, the watchman waketh in vain.

Psalm 127:1 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

When passages like Isaiah 1:9; Genesis 47:25, or others where והיינו is perf. consec., are appealed to in order to prove that היינוּ כּחלמים may signify erimus quasi somniantes, they are instances that are different in point of syntax. Any other rendering than that of the lxx is here impossible, viz.: Ἐν τῷ ἐπιστρέψαι κύριον τὴν αἰχμαλωσίαν Σιὼν ἐγενήθημεν ὡς παρακεκλημένοι (כּנחמים? - Jerome correctly, quasi somniantes). It is, however, just as erroneous when Jerome goes on to render: tunc implebitur risu os nostrum; for it is true the future after אז has a future signification in passages where the context relates to matters of future history, as in Psalm 96:12; Zephaniah 3:9, but it always has the signification of the imperfect after the key-note of the historical past has once been struck, Exodus 15:1; Joshua 8:30; Joshua 10:12; 1 Kings 11:7; 1 Kings 16:21; 2 Kings 15:16; Job 38:21; it is therefore, tunc implebatur. It is the exiles at home again upon the soil of their fatherland who here cast back a glance into the happy time when their destiny suddenly took another turn, by the God of Israel disposing the heart of the conqueror of Babylon to set them at liberty, and to send them to their native land in an honourable manner. שׁיבת is not equivalent to שׁבית, nor is there any necessity to read it thus (Olshausen, Bצttcher, and Hupfeld). שׁיבה (from שׁוּב, like בּיאה, קימה) signifies the return, and then those returning; it is, certainly, an innovation of this very late poet. When Jahve brought home the homeward-bound ones of Zion - the poet means to say - we were as dreamers. Does he mean by this that the long seventy years' term of affliction lay behind us like a vanished dream (Joseph Kimchi), or that the redemption that broke upon us so suddenly seemed to us at first not to be a reality but a beautiful dream? The tenor of the language favours the latter: as those not really passing through such circumstances, but only dreaming. Then - the poet goes on to say - our mouth was filled with laughter (Job 8:21) and our tongue with a shout of joy, inasmuch, namely, as the impression of the good fortune which contrasted so strongly with our trouble hitherto, compelled us to open our mouth wide in order that our joy might break forth in a full stream, and our jubilant mood impelled our tongue to utter shouts of joy, which knew no limit because of the inexhaustible matter of our rejoicing. And how awe-inspiring was Israel's position at that time among the peoples! and what astonishment the marvellous change of Israel's lot produced upon them! Even the heathen confessed that it was Jahve's work, and that He had done great things for them (Joel 2:20., 1 Samuel 12:24) - the glorious predictions of Isaiah, as in Psalm 45:14; Psalm 52:10, and elsewhere, were being fulfilled. The church on its part seals that confession coming from the mouth of the heathen. This it is that made them so joyful, that God had acknowledged them by such a mighty deed.

Psalm 127:1 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

A Song.

Psalm 120:1 In my distress I cried to the LORD, and he heard me.

Psalm 121:1 I will lift up my eyes to the hills, from where comes my help.

Psalm 122:1 I was glad when they said to me, Let us go into the house of the LORD.

Psalm 123:1 To you lift I up my eyes, O you that dwell in the heavens.

Psalm 124:1 If it had not been the LORD who was on our side, now may Israel say;

Psalm 125:1 They that trust in the LORD shall be as mount Zion, which cannot be removed, but stays for ever.

Psalm 126:1 When the LORD turned again the captivity of Zion, we were like them that dream.

for Solomon. or, of Solomon

Psalm 72:1 Give the king your judgments, O God, and your righteousness to the king's son.

The Lord

Psalm 33:16-18 There is no king saved by the multitude of an host: a mighty man is not delivered by much strength...

Proverbs 16:9 A man's heart devises his way: but the LORD directs his steps.

Proverbs 21:30,31 There is no wisdom nor understanding nor counsel against the LORD...

Ecclesiastes 9:11 I returned, and saw under the sun, that the race is not to the swift, nor the battle to the strong, neither yet bread to the wise...

1 Corinthians 3:7 So then neither is he that plants any thing, neither he that waters; but God that gives the increase.

build

1 Chronicles 22:10,11 He shall build an house for my name; and he shall be my son, and I will be his father...

1 Chronicles 28:10,20 Take heed now; for the LORD has chosen you to build an house for the sanctuary: be strong, and do it...

1 Chronicles 29:19 And give to Solomon my son a perfect heart, to keep your commandments, your testimonies, and your statutes, and to do all these things...

1 Corinthians 3:9-15 For we are laborers together with God: you are God's husbandry, you are God's building...

they labour

1 Corinthians 15:14 And if Christ be not risen, then is our preaching vain, and your faith is also vain.

Galatians 4:11 I am afraid of you, lest I have bestowed on you labor in vain.

that build it. Heb. that are builders of it in it
except

Psalm 121:3-5 He will not suffer your foot to be moved: he that keeps you will not slumber...

Isaiah 27:3 I the LORD do keep it; I will water it every moment: lest any hurt it, I will keep it night and day.

Zechariah 2:4,5 And said to him, Run, speak to this young man, saying...

the watchman

Songs 3:3 The watchmen that go about the city found me: to whom I said, Saw you him whom my soul loves?

Songs 5:7 The watchmen that went about the city found me, they smote me, they wounded me; the keepers of the walls took away my veil from me.

Isaiah 21:5-12 Prepare the table, watch in the watchtower, eat, drink: arise, you princes, and anoint the shield...

Isaiah 56:10 His watchmen are blind: they are all ignorant, they are all dumb dogs, they cannot bark; sleeping, lying down, loving to slumber.

Isaiah 62:6 I have set watchmen on your walls, O Jerusalem, which shall never hold their peace day nor night: you that make mention of the LORD...

Jeremiah 51:12,31 Set up the standard on the walls of Babylon, make the watch strong, set up the watchmen, prepare the ambushes...

Ezekiel 33:2-9 Son of man, speak to the children of your people, and say to them, When I bring the sword on a land...

Cross References
Leviticus 26:20
And your strength shall be spent in vain, for your land shall not yield its increase, and the trees of the land shall not yield their fruit.

Psalm 78:69
He built his sanctuary like the high heavens, like the earth, which he has founded forever.

Psalm 121:3
He will not let your foot be moved; he who keeps you will not slumber.

Psalm 121:4
Behold, he who keeps Israel will neither slumber nor sleep.

Psalm 126:6
He who goes out weeping, bearing the seed for sowing, shall come home with shouts of joy, bringing his sheaves with him.

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