Psalm 138:6
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
For though the LORD is high, he regards the lowly, but the haughty he knows from afar.

King James Bible
Though the LORD be high, yet hath he respect unto the lowly: but the proud he knoweth afar off.

American Standard Version
For though Jehovah is high, yet hath he respect unto the lowly; But the haughty he knoweth from afar.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For the Lord is high, and looketh on the low: and the high he knoweth afar off.

English Revised Version
For though the LORD be high, yet hath he respect unto the lowly: but the haughty he knoweth from afar.

Webster's Bible Translation
Though the LORD is high, yet hath he respect to the lowly: but the proud he knoweth afar off.

Psalm 138:6 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The second part of the Psalm supplicates vengeance upon Edom and Babylon. We see from Obadiah's prophecy, which is taken up again by Jeremiah, how shamefully the Edomites, that brother-people related by descent to Israel and yet pre-eminently hostile to it, behaved in connection with the destruction of Jerusalem by the Chaldaeans as their malignant, rapacious, and inhuman helpers. The repeated imper. Piel ערוּ, from ערה (not imper. Kal from ערר, which would be ערוּ), ought to have been accented on the ult.; it is, however, in both cases accented on the first syllable, the pausal ערוּ (cf. כּלוּ in Psalm 37:20, and also הסּוּ, Nehemiah 8:11) giving rise to the same accentuation of the other (in order that two tone-syllables might not come together). The Pasek also stands between the two repeated words in order that they may be duly separated, and secures, moreover, to the guttural initial of the second ערוּ its distinct pronunciation (cf. Genesis 26:28; Numbers 35:16). It is to be construed: lay bare, lay bare (as in Habakkuk 3:13, cf. גּלּה in Micah 1:6) in it (Beth of the place), of in respect of it (Beth of the object), even to the foundation, i.e., raze it even to the ground, leave not one stone upon another. From the false brethren the imprecation turns to Babylon, the city of the imperial power of the world. The daughter, i.e., the population, of Babylon is addressed as השּׁדוּדה. It certainly seems the most natural to take this epithet as a designation of its doings which cry for vengeance. But it cannot in any case be translated: thou plunderer (Syriac like the Targum: bozuzto; Symmachus ἡ λῃστρίς), for שׁדד does not mean to rob and plunder, but to offer violence and to devastate. Therefore: thou devastator; but the word so pointed as we have it before us cannot have this signification: it ought to be השּׁדודה, like בּגודה in Jeremiah 3:7, Jeremiah 3:10, or השּׁדוּדה (with an unchangeable ā), corresponding to the Syriac active intensive form ālûṣo, oppressor, gōdûfo, slanderer, and the Arabic likewise active intensive form Arab. fâ‛ûl, e.g., fâshûs, a boaster, and also as an adjective: ǵôz fâshûs, empty nuts, cf. יקוּשׁ equals יקושׁ, a fowler, like nâṭûr (נאטור), a field-watcher. The form as it stands is part. pass., and signifies προνενομευμένη (Aquila), vastata (Jerome). It is possible that this may be said in the sense of vastanda, although in this sense of a part. fut. pass. the participles of the Niphal (e.g., Psalm 22:32; Psalm 102:19) and of the Pual (Psalm 18:4) are more commonly used. It cannot at any rate signify vastata in an historical sense, with reference to the destruction of Babylon by Darius Hystaspes (Hengstenberg); for Psalm 137:7 only prays that the retribution may come: it cannot therefore as yet have been executed; but if השׁדודה signified the already devastated one, it must (at least in the main) have been executed already. It might be more readily understood as a prophetical representation of the executed judgment of devastation; but this prophetic rendering coincides with the imprecative: the imagination of the Semite when he utters a curse sees the future as a realized fact. "Didst thou see the smitten one (maḍrûb)," i.e., he whom God must smite? Thus the Arab inquires for a person who is detested. "Pursue him who is seized (ilḥaḳ el̇ma'chûdh)," i.e., him whom God must allow thee to seize! Thy speak thus inasmuch as the imagination at once anticipates the seizure at the same time with the pursuit. Just as here both maḍrûb and ma'chûdh are participles of Kasl, so therefore השּׁדוּודה may also have the sense of vastanda (which must be laid waste!). That which is then further desired for Babylon is the requital of that which it has done to Israel, Isaiah 47:6. It is the same penal destiny, comprehending the children also, which is predicted against it in Isaiah 13:16-18, as that which was to be executed by the Medes. The young children (with reference to עולל, עולל, vid., on Psalm 8:3) are to be dashed to pieces in order that a new generation may not raise up again the world-wide dominion that has been overthrown, Isaiah 14:21. It is zeal for God that puts such harsh words into the mouth of the poet. "That which is Israel's excellency and special good fortune the believing Israelite desires to have bestowed upon the whole world, but for this very reason he desires to see the hostility of the present world of nations against the church of God broken" (Hofmann). On the other hand, it cannot be denied that the "blessed" of this Psalm is not suited to the mouth of the New Testament church. In the Old Testament the church as yet had the form of a nation, and the longing for the revelation of divine righteousness clothed itself accordingly in a warlike garb.

Psalm 138:6 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

though

Psalm 51:17 The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit: a broken and a contrite heart, O God, you will not despise.

Psalm 113:5,6 Who is like to the LORD our God, who dwells on high...

1 Samuel 2:7,8 The LORD makes poor, and makes rich: he brings low, and lifts up...

Proverbs 3:34 Surely he scorns the scorners: but he gives grace to the lowly.

Isaiah 57:15 For thus said the high and lofty One that inhabits eternity, whose name is Holy; I dwell in the high and holy place...

Isaiah 66:2 For all those things has my hand made, and all those things have been, said the LORD: but to this man will I look...

Luke 1:51-53 He has showed strength with his arm; he has scattered the proud in the imagination of their hearts...

Luke 14:11 For whoever exalts himself shall be abased; and he that humbles himself shall be exalted.

Luke 18:14 I tell you, this man went down to his house justified rather than the other: for every one that exalts himself shall be abased...

James 4:6 But he gives more grace. Why he said, God resists the proud, but gives grace to the humble.

1 Peter 5:5,6 Likewise, you younger, submit yourselves to the elder. Yes, all of you be subject one to another, and be clothed with humility...

but the proud

Exodus 18:11 Now I know that the LORD is greater than all gods: for in the thing wherein they dealt proudly he was above them.

Job 40:11,12 Cast abroad the rage of your wrath: and behold every one that is proud, and abase him...

Isaiah 2:11,17 The lofty looks of man shall be humbled, and the haughtiness of men shall be bowed down...

Ezekiel 28:1-9 The word of the LORD came again to me, saying...

Daniel 4:37 Now I Nebuchadnezzar praise and extol and honor the King of heaven, all whose works are truth, and his ways judgment...

Daniel 5:20-24 But when his heart was lifted up, and his mind hardened in pride, he was deposed from his kingly throne...

Acts 12:22,23 And the people gave a shout, saying, It is the voice of a god, and not of a man...

afar off

Psalm 139:2 You know my sitting down and my rising up, you understand my thought afar off.

Matthew 25:41 Then shall he say also to them on the left hand, Depart from me, you cursed, into everlasting fire...

2 Thessalonians 1:9 Who shall be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of his power;

Cross References
Luke 1:48
for he has looked on the humble estate of his servant. For behold, from now on all generations will call me blessed;

James 4:6
But he gives more grace. Therefore it says, "God opposes the proud but gives grace to the humble."

1 Peter 5:5
Likewise, you who are younger, be subject to the elders. Clothe yourselves, all of you, with humility toward one another, for "God opposes the proud but gives grace to the humble."

Psalm 18:35
You have given me the shield of your salvation, and your right hand supported me, and your gentleness made me great.

Psalm 40:4
Blessed is the man who makes the LORD his trust, who does not turn to the proud, to those who go astray after a lie!

Psalm 101:5
Whoever slanders his neighbor secretly I will destroy. Whoever has a haughty look and an arrogant heart I will not endure.

Psalm 113:4
The LORD is high above all nations, and his glory above the heavens!

Jump to Previous
Afar Exalted Far Haughty High Lifted Looks Proud Regardeth Regards Respect
Jump to Next
Afar Exalted Far Haughty High Lifted Looks Proud Regardeth Regards Respect
Links
Psalm 138:6 NIV
Psalm 138:6 NLT
Psalm 138:6 ESV
Psalm 138:6 NASB
Psalm 138:6 KJV

Psalm 138:6 Bible Apps
Psalm 138:6 Biblia Paralela
Psalm 138:6 Chinese Bible
Psalm 138:6 French Bible
Psalm 138:6 German Bible

Bible Hub

ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
Psalm 138:5
Top of Page
Top of Page