Psalm 139:3
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
You search out my path and my lying down and are acquainted with all my ways.

King James Bible
Thou compassest my path and my lying down, and art acquainted with all my ways.

American Standard Version
Thou searchest out my path and my lying down, And art acquainted with all my ways.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou hast understood my thoughts afar off: my path and my line thou hast searched out.

English Revised Version
Thou searchest out my path and my lying down, and art acquainted with all my ways.

Webster's Bible Translation
Thou compassest my path and my lying down, and art acquainted with all my ways.

Psalm 139:3 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

There are two things for which the poet gives thanks to God: He has answered him in the days of trouble connected with his persecution by Saul and in all distresses; and by raising him to the throne, and granting him victory upon victory, and promising him the everlasting possession of the throne, He has filled him with a proud courage, so that lofty feeling has taken up its abode in his soul, which was formerly fearful about help. Just as רהב signifies impetuosity, vehemence, and then also a monster, so הרהיב signifies both to break in upon one violently and overpowerlingly (Sol 6:5; cf. Syriac arheb, Arabic arhaba, to terrify), and to make any one courageous, bold, and confident of victory. בּנפשׁי עז forms a corollary to the verb that is marked by Mugrash or Dech: so that in my soul there was עז, i.e., power, viz., a consciousness of power (cf. Judges 5:21). The thanksgiving, which he, the king of the promise, offers to God on account of this, will be transmitted to all the kings of the earth when they shall hear (שׁמעוּ in the sense of a fut. exactum) the words of His mouth, i.e., the divine אמרה, and they shall sing of (שׁיר with בּ, like דּבּר בּ in Psalm 87:3, שׂיח בּ in Psalm 105:2 and frequently, הלּל בּ in Psalm 44:9, הזכּיר בּ in Psalm 20:8, and the like) the ways of the God of the history of salvation, they shall sing that great is the glory of Jahve. Psalm 138:6 tells us by what means He has so super-gloriously manifested Himself in His leadings of David. He has shown Himself to be the Exalted One who is His all-embracing rule does not leave the lowly (cf. David's confessions in Psalm 131:1; 2 Samuel 6:22) unnoticed (Psalm 113:6), but on the contrary makes him the especial object of His regard; and on the other hand even from afar (cf. Psalm 139:2) He sees through (ידע as in Psalm 94:11; Jeremiah 29:23) the lofty one who thinks himself unobserved and conducts himself as if he were answerable to no higher being (Psalm 10:4). In correct texts וגבה has Mugrash, and ממרחק Mercha. The form of the fut. Kal יידע is formed after the analogy of the Hiphil forms ייליל in Isaiah 16:7, and frequently, and ייטיב in Job 24:21; probably the word is intended to be all the more emphatic, inasmuch as the first radical, which disappears in ידע, is thus in a certain measure restored.

(Note: The Greek imperfects with the double (syllabic and temporal) augment, as ἑώρων, ἀνέῳγον, are similar. Chajuǵ also regards the first Jod in these forms as the preformative and the second as the radical, whereas Abulwald, Gramm. ch. xxvi. p. 170, explains the first as a prosthesis and the second as the preformative. According to the view of others, e.g., of Kimchi, יידע might be fut. Hiph. weakened from יהדע (יהידיע), which, apart from the unsuitable meaning, assumes a change of consonants that is all the more inadmissible as ידע itself springs from ודע. Nor is it to be supposed that יידע is modified from יידע (Luzzatto, 197), because it is nowhere written יידע.)

Psalm 139:3 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

compassest. or, winnowest

Job 13:26,27 For you write bitter things against me, and make me to possess the iniquities of my youth...

Job 14:16,17 For now you number my steps: do you not watch over my sin...

Job 31:4 Does not he see my ways, and count all my steps?

Matthew 3:12 Whose fan is in his hand, and he will thoroughly purge his floor, and gather his wheat into the garner...

my path

Psalm 139:18 If I should count them, they are more in number than the sand: when I awake, I am still with you.

Psalm 121:3-8 He will not suffer your foot to be moved: he that keeps you will not slumber...

Genesis 28:10-17 And Jacob went out from Beersheba, and went toward Haran...

2 Samuel 8:14 And he put garrisons in Edom; throughout all Edom put he garrisons, and all they of Edom became David's servants...

2 Samuel 11:2-5,27 And it came to pass in an evening, that David arose from off his bed, and walked on the roof of the king's house...

and art acquainted

2 Samuel 12:9-12 Why have you despised the commandment of the LORD, to do evil in his sight? you have killed Uriah the Hittite with the sword...

Proverbs 5:20,21 And why will you, my son, be ravished with a strange woman, and embrace the bosom of a stranger...

Ecclesiastes 12:14 For God shall bring every work into judgment, with every secret thing, whether it be good, or whether it be evil.

Isaiah 29:15 Woe to them that seek deep to hide their counsel from the LORD, and their works are in the dark, and they say, Who sees us?...

Jeremiah 23:24 Can any hide himself in secret places that I shall not see him? said the LORD. Do not I fill heaven and earth? said the LORD.

John 6:70,71 Jesus answered them, Have not I chosen you twelve, and one of you is a devil...

John 13:2,21 And supper being ended, the devil having now put into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, to betray him...

Acts 5:3,4 But Peter said, Ananias, why has Satan filled your heart to lie to the Holy Ghost, and to keep back part of the price of the land...

Cross References
Job 14:16
For then you would number my steps; you would not keep watch over my sin;

Job 31:4
Does not he see my ways and number all my steps?

Psalm 56:8
You have kept count of my tossings; put my tears in your bottle. Are they not in your book?

Psalm 119:168
I keep your precepts and testimonies, for all my ways are before you.

Daniel 5:23
but you have lifted up yourself against the Lord of heaven. And the vessels of his house have been brought in before you, and you and your lords, your wives, and your concubines have drunk wine from them. And you have praised the gods of silver and gold, of bronze, iron, wood, and stone, which do not see or hear or know, but the God in whose hand is your breath, and whose are all your ways, you have not honored.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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