Psalm 140:7
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
O LORD, my Lord, the strength of my salvation, you have covered my head in the day of battle.

King James Bible
O GOD the Lord, the strength of my salvation, thou hast covered my head in the day of battle.

American Standard Version
O Jehovah the Lord, the strength of my salvation, Thou hast covered my head in the day of battle.

Douay-Rheims Bible
O Lord, Lord, the strength of my salvation: thou hast overshadowed my head in the day of battle.

English Revised Version
O GOD the Lord, the strength of my salvation, thou hast covered my head in the day of battle.

Webster's Bible Translation
O GOD the Lord, the strength of my salvation, thou hast covered my head in the day of battle.

Psalm 140:7 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The assimilation of the Nun of the verb נצר is given up, as in Psalm 61:8; Psalm 78:7, and frequently, in order to make the form more full-toned. The relative clause shows that אישׁ חמסים is not intended to be understood exclusively of one person. בּלב strengthens the notion of that which is deeply concealed and premeditated. It is doubtful whether יגוּרוּ signifies to form into troops or to stir up. But from the fact that גּוּר in Psalm 56:7; Psalm 59:4, Isaiah 54:15, signifies not congregare but se congregare, it is to be inferred that גּוּר in the passage before us, like גּרה (or התגּרה in Deuteronomy 2:9, Deuteronomy 2:24), in Syriac and Targumic גּרג, signifies concitare, to excite (cf. שׂוּר together with שׂרה, Hosea 12:4.). In Psalm 140:4 the Psalm coincides with Psalm 64:4; Psalm 58:5. They sharpen their tongue, so that it inflicts a fatal sting like the tongue of a serpent, and under their lips, shooting out from thence, is the poison of the adder (cf. Sol 4:11). עכשׁוּב is a ἅπαξ λεγομ. not from כּשׁב (Jesurun, p. 207), but from עכשׁ, Arab. ‛ks and ‛kš, root ‛k (vid., Fleischer on Isaiah 59:5, עכּבישׁ), both of which have the significations of bending, turning, and coiling after the manner of a serpent; the Beth is an organic addition modifying the meaning of the root.

(Note: According to the original Lexicons Arab. ‛ks signifies to bend one's self, to wriggle, to creep sideways like the roots of the vine, in the V form to move one's self like an adder (according to the Ḳamûs) and to walk like a drunken man (according to Neshwn); but Arab. ‛kš signifies to be intertwined, knit or closely united together, said of hairs and of the branches of trees, in the V form to fight hand to hand and to get in among the crowd. The root is apparently expanded into עכשׁוב by an added Beth which serves as a notional speciality, as in Arab. ‛rqûb the convex bend of the steep side of a rock, or in the case of the knee of the hind-legs of animals, and in Arab. charnûb (in the dialect of the country along the coast of Palestine, where the tree is plentiful, in Neshwn churnûb), the horn-like curved pod of the carob-tree (Ceratonia Siliqua), syncopated Arab. charrûb, charrûb (not charûb), from Arab. charn, cogn. qarn, a horn, cf. Arab. chrnâyt, the beak of a bird of prey, Arab. chrnûq, the stork [vid. on Psalm 104:17], Arab. chrnı̂n, the rhinoceros [vid. on Psalm 29:6], Arab. chrnuı̂t, the unicorn [vid. ibid.]. - Wetzstein.)

Psalm 140:7 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the strength

Psalm 18:1,2,35 I will love you, O LORD, my strength...

Psalm 27:1 The LORD is my light and my salvation; whom shall I fear? the LORD is the strength of my life; of whom shall I be afraid?

Psalm 28:7,8 The LORD is my strength and my shield; my heart trusted in him, and I am helped: therefore my heart greatly rejoices...

Psalm 59:17 To you, O my strength, will I sing: for God is my defense, and the God of my mercy.

Psalm 62:2,7 He only is my rock and my salvation; he is my defense; I shall not be greatly moved...

Psalm 89:26 He shall cry to me, You are my father, my God, and the rock of my salvation.

Psalm 95:1 O come, let us sing to the LORD: let us make a joyful noise to the rock of our salvation.

Deuteronomy 33:27-29 The eternal God is your refuge, and underneath are the everlasting arms: and he shall thrust out the enemy from before you...

Isaiah 12:2 Behold, God is my salvation; I will trust, and not be afraid: for the LORD JEHOVAH is my strength and my song...

thou hast covered

Psalm 144:10 It is he that gives salvation to kings: who delivers David his servant from the hurtful sword.

1 Samuel 17:36,37,45-51 Your servant slew both the lion and the bear: and this uncircumcised Philistine shall be as one of them...

2 Samuel 8:6,14 Then David put garrisons in Syria of Damascus: and the Syrians became servants to David, and brought gifts...

Cross References
Psalm 28:8
The LORD is the strength of his people; he is the saving refuge of his anointed.

Psalm 118:14
The LORD is my strength and my song; he has become my salvation.

Psalm 144:10
who gives victory to kings, who rescues David his servant from the cruel sword.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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