Psalm 23:2
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
He makes me lie down in green pastures. He leads me beside still waters.

King James Bible
He maketh me to lie down in green pastures: he leadeth me beside the still waters.

American Standard Version
He maketh me to lie down in green pastures; He leadeth me beside still waters.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He hath set me in a place of pasture. He hath brought me up, on the water of refreshment:

English Revised Version
He maketh me to lie down in green pastures: he leadeth me beside the still waters.

Webster's Bible Translation
He maketh me to lie down in green pastures: he leadeth me beside the still waters.

Psalm 23:2 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

(Heb.: 22:28-32)The long line closing strophe, which forms as it were the pedestal to the whole, shows how far not only the description of the affliction of him who is speaking here, but also the description of the results of his rescue, transcend the historical reality of David's experience. The sufferer expects, as the fruit of the proclamation of that which Jahve has done for him, the conversion of all peoples. The heathen have become forgetful and will again recollect themselves; the object, in itself clear enough in Psalm 9:18, becomes clear from what follows: there is a γνῶσις τοῦ θεοῦ (Psychol. S. 346ff.; tr. pp. 407ff.) among the heathen, which the announcement of the rescue of this afflicted one will bring back to their consciousness.

(Note: Augustin De trinitate xiv. 13, Non igitur sic erant oblitae istae gentes Deum, ut ejus nec commemoratae recordarentur.)

This prospect (Jeremiah 16:19.) is, in Psalm 22:29 (cf. Jeremiah 10:7), based upon Jahve's right of kingship over all peoples. A ruler is called משׁל as being exalted above others by virtue of his office (משׁל according to its primary meaning equals Arab. mṯl, erectum stare, synonymous with כּחן, vid., on Psalm 110:4, cf. עמד Micah 5:3). In וּמשׁל we have the part., used like the 3 praet., without any mark of the person (cf. Psalm 7:10; Psalm 55:20), to express the pure praes., and, so to speak, as tempus durans: He rules among the nations (ἔθνη). The conversion of the heathen by that sermon will, therefore, be the realisation of the kingdom of God.

Psalm 23:2 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

maketh

Isaiah 30:23 Then shall he give the rain of your seed, that you shall sow the ground with; and bread of the increase of the earth...

Ezekiel 34:13,14 And I will bring them out from the people, and gather them from the countries, and will bring them to their own land...

green pastures [heb.] pastures of tender grass
leadeth

Psalm 46:4 There is a river, the streams whereof shall make glad the city of God, the holy place of the tabernacles of the most High.

Isaiah 49:9,10 That you may say to the prisoners, Go forth; to them that are in darkness, Show yourselves. They shall feed in the ways...

Revelation 7:17 For the Lamb which is in the middle of the throne shall feed them, and shall lead them to living fountains of waters...

Revelation 21:7 He that overcomes shall inherit all things; and I will be his God, and he shall be my son.

Revelation 22:1,17 And he showed me a pure river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb...

still waters [heb.] waters of quietness

Job 34:29 When he gives quietness, who then can make trouble? and when he hides his face, who then can behold him?...

Isaiah 8:6 For as much as this people refuses the waters of Shiloah that go softly, and rejoice in Rezin and Remaliah's son;

Cross References
Revelation 7:17
For the Lamb in the midst of the throne will be their shepherd, and he will guide them to springs of living water, and God will wipe away every tear from their eyes."

Psalm 36:8
They feast on the abundance of your house, and you give them drink from the river of your delights.

Psalm 46:4
There is a river whose streams make glad the city of God, the holy habitation of the Most High.

Psalm 65:11
You crown the year with your bounty; your wagon tracks overflow with abundance.

Psalm 139:10
even there your hand shall lead me, and your right hand shall hold me.

Isaiah 49:10
they shall not hunger or thirst, neither scorching wind nor sun shall strike them, for he who has pity on them will lead them, and by springs of water will guide them.

Ezekiel 34:14
I will feed them with good pasture, and on the mountain heights of Israel shall be their grazing land. There they shall lie down in good grazing land, and on rich pasture they shall feed on the mountains of Israel.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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