Psalm 34:13
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Keep your tongue from evil and your lips from speaking deceit.

King James Bible
Keep thy tongue from evil, and thy lips from speaking guile.

American Standard Version
Keep thy tongue from evil, And thy lips from speaking guile.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Keep thy tongue from evil, and thy lips from speaking guile.

English Revised Version
Keep thy tongue from evil, and thy lips from speaking guile.

Webster's Bible Translation
Keep thy tongue from evil, and thy lips from speaking guile.

Psalm 34:13 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

(Heb.: 34:8-11) This praise is supported by a setting forth of the gracious protection under which God's saints continually are. The מלאך יהוה, is none other than He who was the medium of Jahve's intercourse with the patriarchs, and who accompanied Israel to Canaan. This name is not collective (Calvin, Hupfeld, Kamphausen, and others). He, the One, encampeth round about them, in so far as He is the Captain of the host of Jahve (Joshua 5:14), and consequently is accompanied by a host of inferior ministering angels; or insofar as He can, as being a spirit not limited by space, furnish protection that covers them on every side. חנה (cf. Zechariah 9:8) is perhaps an allusion to מחנים in Genesis 32:2., that angel-camp which joined itself to Jacob's camp, and surrounded it like a barricade or carrago. On the fut. consec. ויחלּצם, et expedit eos, as a simple expression of the sequence, or even only of a weak or loose internal connection, vid., Ewald, 343, a. By reason of this protection by the Angel of God arises (Psalm 34:9) the summons to test the graciousness of God in their own experience. Tasting (γεύσαστηαι, Hebrews 6:4., 1 Peter 2:3) stands before seeing; for spiritual experience leads to spiritual perception or knowledge, and not vice versa. Nisi gustaveris, says Bernard, non videbis. David is desirous that others also should experience what he has experienced in order that they may come to know what he has come to know, viz., the goodness of God.

(Note: On account of this Psalm 34:9, Γεύσασθε καὶ Ἴδετε κ. τ. λ., Psalm 33 (34) was the Communion Psalm of the early church, Constit. Apost. viii. 13, Cyril,. Catech. Myst. v 17.)

Hence, in Psalm 34:10, the call to the saints to fear Jahve (יראוּ instead of יראוּ, in order to preserve the distinction between veremini and videbunt, as in Joshua 24:14; 1 Samuel 12:24); for whoso fears Him, possesses everything in Him. The young mature lions may sooner lack and suffer hunger, because they have no prey, than that he should suffer any want whatsoever, the goal of whose striving is fellowship with God. The verb רוּשׁ (to lack, be poor, once by metaplasm ירשׁ, 1 Samuel 2:7, root רשׁ, to be or to make loose, lax), elsewhere used only of men, is here, like Psalm 104:21 בּקּשׁ מאל, transferred to the lions, without כּפירים being intended to refer emblematically (as in Psalm 35:17; Psalm 57:5; Psalm 17:12) to his powerful foes at the courts of Saul and of Achish.

Psalm 34:13 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Keep

Psalm 39:1 I said, I will take heed to my ways, that I sin not with my tongue: I will keep my mouth with a bridle, while the wicked is before me.

Proverbs 18:21 Death and life are in the power of the tongue: and they that love it shall eat the fruit thereof.

Matthew 12:35-37 A good man out of the good treasure of the heart brings forth good things...

James 1:19,26 Why, my beloved brothers, let every man be swift to hear, slow to speak, slow to wrath...

James 3:2,5-10 For in many things we offend all. If any man offend not in word, the same is a perfect man, and able also to bridle the whole body...

speaking

Psalm 55:11 Wickedness is in the middle thereof: deceit and guile depart not from her streets.

Proverbs 12:7,19,22 The wicked are overthrown, and are not: but the house of the righteous shall stand...

Proverbs 19:9 A false witness shall not be unpunished, and he that speaks lies shall perish.

Isaiah 63:8 For he said, Surely they are my people, children that will not lie: so he was their Savior.

Colossians 3:9 Lie not one to another, seeing that you have put off the old man with his deeds;

1 Peter 2:1,22 Why laying aside all malice, and all guile, and hypocrisies, and envies, all evil speakings...

Revelation 14:4,5 These are they which were not defiled with women; for they are virgins. These are they which follow the Lamb wherever he goes...

Cross References
James 1:26
If anyone thinks he is religious and does not bridle his tongue but deceives his heart, this person's religion is worthless.

1 Peter 2:22
He committed no sin, neither was deceit found in his mouth.

1 Peter 3:10
For "Whoever desires to love life and see good days, let him keep his tongue from evil and his lips from speaking deceit;

Psalm 39:1
I said, "I will guard my ways, that I may not sin with my tongue; I will guard my mouth with a muzzle, so long as the wicked are in my presence."

Psalm 141:3
Set a guard, O LORD, over my mouth; keep watch over the door of my lips!

Proverbs 13:3
Whoever guards his mouth preserves his life; he who opens wide his lips comes to ruin.

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