Psalm 4:2
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
O men, how long shall my honor be turned into shame? How long will you love vain words and seek after lies? Selah

King James Bible
O ye sons of men, how long will ye turn my glory into shame? how long will ye love vanity, and seek after leasing? Selah.

American Standard Version
O ye sons of men, how long shall my glory be turned into dishonor? How long will ye love vanity, and seek after falsehood? Selah

Douay-Rheims Bible
O ye sons of men, how long will you be dull of heart? why do you love vanity, and seek after lying?

English Revised Version
O ye sons of men, how long shall my glory be turned into dishonour? how long will ye love vanity, and seek after falsehood? Selah

Webster's Bible Translation
O ye sons of men, how long will ye turn my glory into shame? how long will ye love vanity, and seek after falsehood? Selah.

Psalm 4:2 Parallel
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

(Heb.: 3:4-5) But cleansed by penitence he stands in a totally different relationship to God and God to him from that which men suppose. Every hour he has reason to fear some overwhelming attack but Jahve is the shield which covers him behind and before (בּעד constr. of בּעד equals Arab. ba‛da, prop. pone, post). His kingdom is taken from him, but Jahve is his glory. With covered head and dejected countenance he ascended the Mount of Olives (2 Samuel 15:30), but Jahve is the "lifter up of his head," inasmuch as He comforts and helps him. The primary passage of this believing utterance "God is a shield" is Genesis 15:1 (cf. Deuteronomy 33:29). Very far from praying in vain, he is assured, that when he prays his prayer will be heard and answered. The rendering "I cried and He answered me" is erroneous here where אקרא does not stand in an historical connection. The future of sequence does not require it, as is evident from Psalm 55:17. (comp. on Psalm 120:1); it is only an expression of confidence in the answer on God's part, which will follow his prayer. In constructions like קולי אקרא, Hitzig and Hupfeld regard קולי as the narrower subject-notion beside the more general one (as Psalm 44:3; Psalm 69:11; Psalm 83:19): my voice - I cried; but the position of the words is not favourable to this in the passage before us and in Psalm 17:10; Psalm 27:7; Psalm 57:5; Psalm 66:17; Psalm 142:2, Isaiah 36:9, though it may be in Psalm 69:11; Psalm 108:2. According to Ew. 281, c, קולי is an accusative of more precise definition, as without doubt in Isaiah 10:30 cf. Psalm 60:7; Psalm 17:13.; the cry is thereby described as a loud cry.

(Note: Bttcher, Collectanea pp. 166f., also adopts the view, that נפשׁי, פּי, קולי are each appositum vicarium subjecti and therefore nomin. in such passages. But 1) the fact that את never stands beside them is explained by the consideration that it is not suited to an adverbial collateral definition. And 2) that elsewhere the same notions appear as direct subjects, just as 3) that elsewhere they alternate with the verbal subject-notion in the parallel member of the verse (Psalm 130:5; Proverbs 8:4) - these last two admit of no inference. The controverted question of the syntax is, moreover, an old one and has been treated of at length by Kimchi in his Book of Roots s. r. אוה.)

To this cry, as ויּענני as being a pure mood of sequence implies, succeeds the answer, or, which better corresponds to the original meaning of ענה (comp. Arab. ‛nn, to meet, stand opposite) reply;

(Note: Vid., Redslob in his treatise: Die Integritat der Stelle Hosea 7.4-10 in Frage gestellt S. 7.)

and it comes from the place whither it was directed: מהר קדשוּ. He had removed the ark from Kirjath Jeraim to Zion. He had not taken it with him when he left Jerusalem and fled before Absolom, 2 Samuel 15:25. He was therefore separated by a hostile power from the resting-place of the divine presence. But his prayer urged its way on to the cherubim-throne; and to the answer of Him who is enthroned there, there is no separating barrier of space or created things.

Psalm 4:2 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge


Psalm 57:4 My soul is among lions: and I lie even among them that are set on fire, even the sons of men, whose teeth are spears and arrows...

Psalm 58:1 Do you indeed speak righteousness, O congregation? do you judge uprightly, O you sons of men?

Ecclesiastes 8:11 Because sentence against an evil work is not executed speedily, therefore the heart of the sons of men is fully set in them to do evil.

Ecclesiastes 9:3 This is an evil among all things that are done under the sun, that there is one event to all: yes...


Psalm 72:2 He shall judge your people with righteousness, and your poor with judgment.

Exodus 10:3 And Moses and Aaron came in to Pharaoh, and said to him, Thus said the LORD God of the Hebrews...

Numbers 14:11 And the LORD said to Moses, How long will this people provoke me? and how long will it be ere they believe me...

Proverbs 1:22 How long, you simple ones, will you love simplicity? and the scorners delight in their scorning, and fools hate knowledge?

my glory

Psalm 3:3 But you, O LORD, are a shield for me; my glory, and the lifter up of my head.

Psalm 14:6 You have shamed the counsel of the poor, because the LORD is his refuge.

Psalm 106:20 Thus they changed their glory into the similitude of an ox that eats grass.

Isaiah 20:5 And they shall be afraid and ashamed of Ethiopia their expectation, and of Egypt their glory.

Isaiah 45:17 But Israel shall be saved in the LORD with an everlasting salvation: you shall not be ashamed nor confounded world without end.

Jeremiah 2:11 Has a nation changed their gods, which are yet no gods? but my people have changed their glory for that which does not profit.

Hosea 4:7 As they were increased, so they sinned against me: therefore will I change their glory into shame.

1 Corinthians 1:31 That, according as it is written, He that glories, let him glory in the Lord.


Psalm 2:1 Why do the heathen rage, and the people imagine a vain thing?

1 Samuel 12:21 And turn you not aside: for then should you go after vain things, which cannot profit nor deliver; for they are vain.

Isaiah 59:4 None calls for justice, nor any pleads for truth: they trust in vanity, and speak lies; they conceive mischief...

Jeremiah 2:5 Thus said the LORD, What iniquity have your fathers found in me, that they are gone far from me, and have walked after vanity...

Jonah 2:8 They that observe lying vanities forsake their own mercy.


Psalm 5:6 You shall destroy them that speak leasing: the LORD will abhor the bloody and deceitful man.

Psalm 58:3 The wicked are estranged from the womb: they go astray as soon as they be born, speaking lies.

Psalm 63:11 But the king shall rejoice in God; every one that swears by him shall glory: but the mouth of them that speak lies shall be stopped.

Jeremiah 9:3 And they bend their tongues like their bow for lies: but they are not valiant for the truth on the earth...

Ephesians 4:25 Why putting away lying, speak every man truth with his neighbor: for we are members one of another.

Cross References
Psalm 3:3
But you, O LORD, are a shield about me, my glory, and the lifter of my head.

Psalm 12:2
Everyone utters lies to his neighbor; with flattering lips and a double heart they speak.

Psalm 31:6
I hate those who pay regard to worthless idols, but I trust in the LORD.

Psalm 31:18
Let the lying lips be mute, which speak insolently against the righteous in pride and contempt.

Psalm 62:4
They only plan to thrust him down from his high position. They take pleasure in falsehood. They bless with their mouths, but inwardly they curse. Selah

Psalm 69:7
For it is for your sake that I have borne reproach, that dishonor has covered my face.

Psalm 69:19
You know my reproach, and my shame and my dishonor; my foes are all known to you.

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