Psalm 4:5
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Offer right sacrifices, and put your trust in the LORD.

King James Bible
Offer the sacrifices of righteousness, and put your trust in the LORD.

American Standard Version
Offer the sacrifices of righteousness, And put your trust in Jehovah.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Offer up the sacrifice of justice, and trust in the Lord: many say, Who sheweth us good things?

English Revised Version
Offer the sacrifices of righteousness, and put your trust in the LORD.

Webster's Bible Translation
Offer the sacrifices of righteousness, and put your trust in the LORD.

Psalm 4:5 Parallel
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

(Heb.: 3:8-9) The bold קוּמה is taken from the mouth of Moses, Numbers 10:35. God is said to arise when He takes a decisive part in what takes place in this world. Instead of kûmah it is accented kumáh as Milra, in order (since the reading קומה אדני is assumed) that the final ah may be sharply cut off from the guttural initial of the next word, and thus render a clear, exact pronunciation of the latter possible (Hitz., Ew. 228, b).

(Note: This is the traditional reason of the accentuation shub h, kûm h, shith h before יהוה: it is intended to prevent the one or other of the two gutturals being swallowed up (יבולעו שׁלא) by too rapid speaking. Hence it is that the same thing takes place even when another word, not the name of God, follows, if it begins with א or the like, and is closely connected with it by meaning and accentuation: e.g., Judges 4:18 סוּרה twice Milra before ;א Psalm 57:9 עוּרה, Milra before ;ה למּה, Milra before ;ה Exodus 5:22; נחה Isaiah 11:2, and חבאת Genesis 26:10, Milra before ;ע and the following fact favours it, viz., that for a similar reason Pasek is placed where two י owt would come together, e.g., Genesis 21:14 Adonaj jir'eh with the stroke of separation between the two words, cf. Exodus 15:18; Proverbs 8:21. The fact that in Jeremiah 40:5, ישׁבה remains Milel, is accounted for by its being separated from the following אל־גּליה by Pazer; a real exception, however (Michlol 112 b), - and not as Norzi from misapprehension observes, a controverted one, - is שׁבה, Milel before העיר 2 Samuel 15:27, but it is by no means sufficient to oppose the purely orthophonic (not rhythmical) ground of this ultima-accentuation. Even the semi-guttural ר sometimes has a like influence over the tone: rı̂báh rı̂bı̂ Psalm 43:1; Psalm 119:154.)

Beside יהוה we have אלהי evah, with the suff. of appropriating faith. The cry for help is then substantiated by כּי and the retrospective perf. They are not such perff. of prophetically certain hope as in Psalm 6:9; Psalm 7:7; Psalm 9:5., for the logical connection requires an appeal to previous experience in the present passage: they express facts of experience, which are taken from many single events (hence כל) down to the present time. The verb הכּה is construed with a double accusative, as e.g., Iliad xvi. 597 τὸν μὲν ἄρα Γλαῦκος στῆθος μέσον οὔτασε δουρί. The idea of contempt (Job 16:10) is combined with that of rendering harmless in this "smiting upon the cheek." What is meant is a striking in of the jaw-bone and therewith a breaking of the teeth in pieces (שׁבּר). David means, an ignominious end has always come upon the ungodly who rose up against him and against God's order in general, as their punishment. The enemies are conceived of as monsters given to biting, and the picture of their fate is fashioned according to this conception. Jahve has the power and the will to defend His Anointed against their hostility: הישׁוּעה לה penes Jovam est salus. ישׁוּעה (from ישׁע, Arab. wasi‛a, amplum esse) signifies breadth as applied to perfect freedom of motion, removal of all straitness and oppression, prosperity without exposure to danger and unbeclouded. In the ל of possession lies the idea of the exclusiveness of the possession and of perfect freedom of disposal. At Jahve's free disposal stands הישׁוּעה, salvation, in all its fulness (just so in Jonah 2:10, Revelation 7:10). In connection therewith David first of all thinks of his own need of deliverance. But as a true king he cannot before God think of himself, without connecting himself with his people. Therefore he closes with the intercessory inference: ברכתך על־עמּך Upon Thy people by Thy blessing! We may supply תּהי or תּבא. Instead of cursing his faithless people he implores a blessing upon those who have been piteously led astray and deceived. This "upon Thy people be Thy blessing!" has its counterpart in the "Father forgive them" of the other David, whom His people crucified. The one concluding word of the Psalm - observes Ewald - casts a bright light into the very depths of his noble soul.

Psalm 4:5 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge


Psalm 50:14 Offer to God thanksgiving; and pay your vows to the most High:

Psalm 51:19 Then shall you be pleased with the sacrifices of righteousness, with burnt offering and whole burnt offering...

Deuteronomy 33:19 They shall call the people to the mountain; there they shall offer sacrifices of righteousness...

2 Samuel 15:12 And Absalom sent for Ahithophel the Gilonite, David's counselor, from his city, even from Giloh, while he offered sacrifices...

Isaiah 1:11-18 To what purpose is the multitude of your sacrifices to me? said the LORD: I am full of the burnt offerings of rams...

Isaiah 61:8 For I the LORD love judgment, I hate robbery for burnt offering; and I will direct their work in truth...

Malachi 1:8,11-14 And if you offer the blind for sacrifice, is it not evil? and if you offer the lame and sick, is it not evil...

Matthew 5:23,23 Therefore if you bring your gift to the altar, and there remember that your brother has ought against you...

Hebrews 13:15,16 By him therefore let us offer the sacrifice of praise to God continually, that is, the fruit of our lips giving thanks to his name...


Psalm 2:12 Kiss the Son, lest he be angry, and you perish from the way, when his wrath is kindled but a little...

Psalm 26:1 Judge me, O LORD; for I have walked in my integrity: I have trusted also in the LORD; therefore I shall not slide.

Psalm 37:3 Trust in the LORD, and do good; so shall you dwell in the land, and truly you shall be fed.

Psalm 62:8 Trust in him at all times; you people, pour out your heart before him: God is a refuge for us. Selah.

Psalm 34:11,12 Come, you children, listen to me: I will teach you the fear of the LORD...

Isaiah 26:3,4 You will keep him in perfect peace, whose mind is stayed on you: because he trusts in you...

Isaiah 50:10 Who is among you that fears the LORD, that obeys the voice of his servant, that walks in darkness, and has no light?...

1 Peter 4:19 Why let them that suffer according to the will of God commit the keeping of their souls to him in well doing, as to a faithful Creator.

Cross References
Deuteronomy 33:19
They shall call peoples to their mountain; there they offer right sacrifices; for they draw from the abundance of the seas and the hidden treasures of the sand."

Psalm 37:3
Trust in the LORD, and do good; dwell in the land and befriend faithfulness.

Psalm 37:5
Commit your way to the LORD; trust in him, and he will act.

Psalm 51:19
then will you delight in right sacrifices, in burnt offerings and whole burnt offerings; then bulls will be offered on your altar.

Psalm 62:8
Trust in him at all times, O people; pour out your heart before him; God is a refuge for us. Selah

Malachi 3:3
He will sit as a refiner and purifier of silver, and he will purify the sons of Levi and refine them like gold and silver, and they will bring offerings in righteousness to the LORD.

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