Psalm 51:17
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit; a broken and contrite heart, O God, you will not despise.

King James Bible
The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit: a broken and a contrite heart, O God, thou wilt not despise.

American Standard Version
The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit: A broken and contrite heart, O God, thou wilt not despise.

Douay-Rheims Bible
A sacrifice to God is an afflicted spirit: a contrite and humbled heart, O God, thou wilt not despise.

English Revised Version
The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit: a broken and a contrite heart, O God, thou wilt not despise.

Webster's Bible Translation
The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit: a broken and a contrite heart, O God, thou wilt not despise.

Psalm 51:17 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

In the second part, the prayer for justification is followed by the prayer for renewing. A clean heart that is not beclouded by sin and a consciousness of sin (for לב includes the conscience, Psychology, S. 134; tr. p. 160); a stedfast spirit (נכון, cf. Psalm 78:37; Psalm 112:7) is a spirit certain respecting his state of favour and well-grounded in it. David's prayer has reference to the very same thing that is promised by the prophets as a future work of salvation wrought by God the Redeemer on His people (Jeremiah 24:7; Ezekiel 11:19; Ezekiel 36:26); it has reference to those spiritual facts of experience which, it is true, could be experienced even under the Old Testament relatively and anticipatively, but to the actual realization of which the New Testament history, fulfilling ancient prophecy has first of all produced effectual and comprehensive grounds and motives, viz., μετάνοια (לב equals νοῦς), καινὴ κτίσις, παλιγγενεσία καὶ ἀνακαὶνωσις πνεῦματος (Titus 3:5). David, without distinguishing between them, thinks of himself as king, as Israelite, and as man. Consequently we are not at liberty to say that רוּח הקּדשׁ (as in Isaiah 63:16), πνεῦμα ἁγιωσύνης equals ἅγιον, is here the Spirit of grace in distinction from the Spirit of office. If Jahve should reject David as He rejected Saul, this would be the extreme manifestation of anger (2 Kings 24:20) towards him as king and as a man at the same time. The Holy Spirit is none other than that which came upon him by means of the anointing, 1 Samuel 16:13. This Spirit, by sin, he has grieved and forfeited. Hence he prays God to show favour rather than execute His right, and not to take this His Holy Spirit from him.

Psalm 51:17 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

sacrifices

Psalm 107:22 And let them sacrifice the sacrifices of thanksgiving, and declare his works with rejoicing.

Mark 12:33 And to love him with all the heart, and with all the understanding, and with all the soul, and with all the strength...

Romans 12:1 I beseech you therefore, brothers, by the mercies of God, that you present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable to God...

Philippians 4:18 But I have all, and abound: I am full, having received of Epaphroditus the things which were sent from you, an odor of a sweet smell...

Hebrews 13:16 But to do good and to communicate forget not: for with such sacrifices God is well pleased.

1 Peter 2:5 You also, as lively stones, are built up a spiritual house, an holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices...

a broken spirit

Psalm 34:18 The LORD is near to them that are of a broken heart; and saves such as be of a contrite spirit.

Psalm 147:3 He heals the broken in heart, and binds up their wounds.

2 Kings 22:19 Because your heart was tender, and you have humbled yourself before the LORD, when you heard what I spoke against this place...

Isaiah 57:15 For thus said the high and lofty One that inhabits eternity, whose name is Holy; I dwell in the high and holy place...

Isaiah 61:1-3 The Spirit of the Lord GOD is on me; because the LORD has anointed me to preach good tidings to the meek...

Isaiah 66:2 For all those things has my hand made, and all those things have been, said the LORD: but to this man will I look...

Ezekiel 9:3,4,6 And the glory of the God of Israel was gone up from the cherub, whereupon he was, to the threshold of the house...

Matthew 5:3 Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

Luke 18:11-14 The Pharisee stood and prayed thus with himself, God, I thank you, that I am not as other men are, extortionists, unjust, adulterers...

thou

Psalm 22:24 For he has not despised nor abhorred the affliction of the afflicted; neither has he hid his face from him; but when he cried to him...

Psalm 102:17 He will regard the prayer of the destitute, and not despise their prayer.

2 Chronicles 33:12,13 And when he was in affliction, he sought the LORD his God, and humbled himself greatly before the God of his fathers...

Amos 5:21 I hate, I despise your feast days, and I will not smell in your solemn assemblies.

Luke 7:39-50 Now when the Pharisee which had bidden him saw it, he spoke within himself, saying, This man, if he were a prophet...

Luke 15:2-7,10,21-32 And the Pharisees and scribes murmured, saying, This man receives sinners, and eats with them...

Cross References
1 Samuel 15:22
And Samuel said, "Has the LORD as great delight in burnt offerings and sacrifices, as in obeying the voice of the LORD? Behold, to obey is better than sacrifice, and to listen than the fat of rams.

2 Kings 22:19
because your heart was penitent, and you humbled yourself before the LORD, when you heard how I spoke against this place and against its inhabitants, that they should become a desolation and a curse, and you have torn your clothes and wept before me, I also have heard you, declares the LORD.

Psalm 34:18
The LORD is near to the brokenhearted and saves the crushed in spirit.

Psalm 147:3
He heals the brokenhearted and binds up their wounds.

Isaiah 57:15
For thus says the One who is high and lifted up, who inhabits eternity, whose name is Holy: "I dwell in the high and holy place, and also with him who is of a contrite and lowly spirit, to revive the spirit of the lowly, and to revive the heart of the contrite.

Hosea 14:2
Take with you words and return to the LORD; say to him, "Take away all iniquity; accept what is good, and we will pay with bulls the vows of our lips.

Joel 2:13
and rend your hearts and not your garments." Return to the LORD your God, for he is gracious and merciful, slow to anger, and abounding in steadfast love; and he relents over disaster.

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