Psalm 55:4
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
My heart is in anguish within me; the terrors of death have fallen upon me.

King James Bible
My heart is sore pained within me: and the terrors of death are fallen upon me.

American Standard Version
My heart is sore pained within me: And the terrors of death are fallen upon me.

Douay-Rheims Bible
My heart is troubled within me: and the fear of death is fallen upon me.

English Revised Version
My heart is sore pained within me: and the terrors of death are fallen upon me.

Webster's Bible Translation
My heart is severely pained within me: and the terrors of death have fallen upon me.

Psalm 55:4 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

(Heb.: 54:6-9) In this second half, the poet, in the certainty of being heard, rejoices in help, and makes a vow of thanksgiving. The בּ of בּסמכי is not meant to imply that God is one out of many who upheld his threatened life; but rather that He comes within the category of such, and fills it up in Himself alone, cf. Psalm 118:7; and for the origin of this Beth essentiae, Psalm 99:6, Judges 11:35. In Psalm 54:7 the Kerמ merits the preference over the Chethמb (evil shall "revert" to my spies), which would at least require על instead of ל (cf. Psalm 7:17). Concerning שׁררי, vid., on Psalm 27:11. In the rapid transition to invocation in Psalm 54:7 the end of the Psalm announces itself. The truth of God is not described as an instrumental agent of the cutting off, but as an impelling cause. It is the same Beth as in the expression בּנדבה (Numbers 15:3): by or out of free impulse. These free-will sacrifices are not spiritual here in opposition to the ritual sacrifices (Psalm 50:14), but ritual as an outward representation of the spiritual. The subject of הצּילני is the Name of God; the post-biblical language, following Leviticus 24:11, calls God straightway השּׁם, and passages like Isaiah 30:27 and the one before us come very near to this usage. The praeterites mention the ground of the thanksgiving. What David now still hopes for will then lie behind him in the past. The closing line, v. 9b, recalls Psalm 35:21, cf. Psalm 59:11; Psalm 92:12; the invoking of the curse upon his enemies in v. 8 recalls Psalm 17:13; Psalm 56:8; Psalm 59:12.; and the vow of thanksgiving in v. 8 recalls Psalm 22:26; Psalm 35:18; Psalm 40:10.

Psalm 55:4 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

My

Psalm 6:3 My soul is also sore vexed: but you, O LORD, how long?

Psalm 69:20 Reproach has broken my heart; and I am full of heaviness: and I looked for some to take pity, but there was none; and for comforters...

Psalm 88:3 For my soul is full of troubles: and my life draws near to the grave.

Psalm 102:3-5 For my days are consumed like smoke, and my bones are burned as an hearth...

Matthew 26:37,38 And he took with him Peter and the two sons of Zebedee, and began to be sorrowful and very heavy...

Mark 14:33,34 And he takes with him Peter and James and John, and began to be sore amazed, and to be very heavy...

John 12:27 Now is my soul troubled; and what shall I say? Father, save me from this hour: but for this cause came I to this hour.

2 Corinthians 1:8-10 For we would not, brothers, have you ignorant of our trouble which came to us in Asia, that we were pressed out of measure...

terrors

Psalm 18:4,5 The sorrows of death compassed me, and the floods of ungodly men made me afraid...

Psalm 116:3 The sorrows of death compassed me, and the pains of hell got hold on me: I found trouble and sorrow.

Isaiah 38:10-13 I said in the cutting off of my days, I shall go to the gates of the grave: I am deprived of the residue of my years...

Hebrews 5:7 Who in the days of his flesh...

Cross References
Psalm 18:4
The cords of death encompassed me; the torrents of destruction assailed me;

Psalm 18:5
the cords of Sheol entangled me; the snares of death confronted me.

Psalm 38:8
I am feeble and crushed; I groan because of the tumult of my heart.

Psalm 56:3
When I am afraid, I put my trust in you.

Psalm 116:3
The snares of death encompassed me; the pangs of Sheol laid hold on me; I suffered distress and anguish.

Isaiah 28:19
As often as it passes through it will take you; for morning by morning it will pass through, by day and by night; and it will be sheer terror to understand the message.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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