Psalm 6:10
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
All my enemies shall be ashamed and greatly troubled; they shall turn back and be put to shame in a moment.

King James Bible
Let all mine enemies be ashamed and sore vexed: let them return and be ashamed suddenly.

American Standard Version
All mine enemies shall be put to shame and sore troubled: They shall turn back, they shall be put to shame suddenly.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Let all my enemies be ashamed, and be very much troubled: let them be turned back, and be ashamed very speedily.

English Revised Version
All mine enemies shall be ashamed and sore vexed: they shall turn back, they shall be ashamed suddenly.

Webster's Bible Translation
Let all my enemies be ashamed and greatly disquieted: let them return and be suddenly ashamed.

Psalm 6:10 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

(Heb.: 6:5-8) God has turned away from him, hence the prayer שׁוּבה, viz., אלי. The tone of שׁוּבה is on the ult., because it is assumed to be read שׁוּבה אדני. The ultima accentuation is intended to secure its distinct pronunciation to the final syllable of שׁובה, which is liable to be drowned and escape notice in connection with the coming together of the two aspirates (vid., on Psalm 3:8). May God turn to him again, rescue (חלּץ from חלץ, which is transitive in Hebr. and Aram., to free, expedire, exuere, Arab. chalaṣa, to be pure, prop. to be loose, free) his soul, in which his affliction has taken deep root, from this affliction, and extend to him salvation on the ground of His mercy towards sinners. He founds this cry for help upon his yearning to be able still longer to praise God, - a happy employ, the possibility of which would be cut off from him if he should die. זכר, as frequently הזכּיר, is used of remembering one with reverence and honour; הודה (from ודה) has the dat. honoris after it. שׁאול, Psalm 6:6, ἅδης (Revelation 20:13), alternates with מות. Such is the name of the grave, the yawning abyss, into which everything mortal descends (from שׁאל equals שׁוּל Arab. sâl, to be loose, relaxed, to hang down, sink down: a sinking in, that which is sunken in,

(Note: The form corresponds to the Arabic form fi‛âlun, which, though originally a verbal abstract, has carried over the passive meaning into the province of the concrete, e.g., kitâb equals maktûb and ilâh, אלוהּ equals ma‛lûh equals ma‛bûd (the feared, revered One).)

a depth). The writers of the Psalms all (which is no small objection against Maccabean Psalms) know only of one single gathering-place of the dead in the depth of the earth, where they indeed live, but it is only a quasi life, because they are secluded from the light of this world and, what is the most lamentable, from the light of God's presence. Hence the Christian can only join in the prayer of v. 6 of this Psalm and similar passages (Psalm 30:10; Psalm 88:11-13; Psalm 115:17; Isaiah 38:18.) so far as he transfers the notion of hades to that of gehenna.

(Note: An adumbration of this relationship of Christianity to the religion of the Old Testament is the relationship of Islam to the religion of the Arab wandering tribes, which is called the "religion of Abraham" (Din Ibrâhim), and knows no life after death; while Islam has taken from the later Judaism and from Christianity the hope of a resurrection and heavenly blessedness.)

In hell there is really no remembrance and no praising of God. David's fear of death as something in itself unhappy, is also, according to its ultimate ground, nothing but the fear of an unhappy death. In these "pains of hell" he is wearied with (בּ as in Psalm 69:4) groaning, and bedews his couch every night with a river of tears. Just as the Hiph. השׂחה signifies to cause to swim from שׂחה to swim, so the Hiph. המסה signifies to dissolve, cause to melt, from מסה (cogn. מסס) to melt. דּמעה, in Arabic a nom. unit. a tear, is in Hebrew a flood of tears.

In Psalm 6:8 עיני does not signify my "appearance" (Numbers 11:7), but, as becomes clear from Psalm 31:10; Psalm 88:10, Job 17:7, "my eye;" the eye reflects the whole state of a man's health. The verb עשׁשׁ appears to be a denominative from עשׁ: to be moth-eaten.

(Note: Reuchlin in his grammatical analysis of the seven Penitential Psalms, which he published in 1512 after his Ll. III de Rudimentis Hebraicis (1506), explains it thus: עשׁשׁה Verminavit. Sic a vermibus dictum qui turbant res claras puras et nitidas, and in the Rudim. p. 412: Turbatus est a furore oculus meus, corrosus et obfuscatus, quasi vitro laternae obductus.)

The signification senescere for the verb עתק is more certain. The closing words בּכל־צוררי (cf. Numbers 10:9 הצּר הצּרר the oppressing oppressor, from the root צר Arab. tsr, to press, squeeze, and especially to bind together, constringere, coartare

(Note: In Arabic ציר dir is the word for a step-mother as the oppressor of the step-children; and צרר dirr, a concubine as the oppressor of her rival.)),

in which the writer indicates, partially at least, the cause of his grief (כּעס, in Job 18:7 כּעשׁ), are as it were the socket into which the following strophe is inserted.

Psalm 6:10 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Let all

Psalm 5:10 Destroy you them, O God; let them fall by their own counsels; cast them out in the multitude of their transgressions...

Psalm 7:6 Arise, O LORD, in your anger, lift up yourself because of the rage of my enemies...

Psalm 25:3 Yes, let none that wait on you be ashamed: let them be ashamed which transgress without cause.

Psalm 35:26 Let them be ashamed and brought to confusion together that rejoice at my hurt...

Psalm 40:14,15 Let them be ashamed and confounded together that seek after my soul to destroy it...

Psalm 71:13 Let them be confounded and consumed that are adversaries to my soul; let them be covered with reproach and dishonor that seek my hurt.

Psalm 83:16,17 Fill their faces with shame; that they may seek your name, O LORD...

Psalm 86:17 Show me a token for good; that they which hate me may see it, and be ashamed: because you, LORD, have helped me, and comforted me.

Psalm 109:28,29 Let them curse, but bless you: when they arise, let them be ashamed; but let your servant rejoice...

Psalm 112:10 The wicked shall see it, and be grieved; he shall gnash with his teeth, and melt away: the desire of the wicked shall perish.

Psalm 132:18 His enemies will I clothe with shame: but on himself shall his crown flourish.

Isaiah 26:11 LORD, when your hand is lifted up, they will not see: but they shall see, and be ashamed for their envy at the people; yes...

Jeremiah 20:11 But the LORD is with me as a mighty terrible one: therefore my persecutors shall stumble, and they shall not prevail...

sore

Psalm 2:5 Then shall he speak to them in his wrath, and vex them in his sore displeasure.

Psalm 21:8,9 Your hand shall find out all your enemies: your right hand shall find out those that hate you...

return

Job 6:29 Return, I pray you, let it not be iniquity; yes, return again, my righteousness is in it.

Malachi 3:18 Then shall you return, and discern between the righteous and the wicked, between him that serves God and him that serves him not.

and be

Proverbs 29:1 He, that being often reproved hardens his neck, shall suddenly be destroyed, and that without remedy.

1 Thessalonians 5:3 For when they shall say, Peace and safety; then sudden destruction comes on them, as travail on a woman with child...

Cross References
Psalm 71:13
May my accusers be put to shame and consumed; with scorn and disgrace may they be covered who seek my hurt.

Psalm 71:24
And my tongue will talk of your righteous help all the day long, for they have been put to shame and disappointed who sought to do me hurt.

Psalm 73:19
How they are destroyed in a moment, swept away utterly by terrors!

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