Psalm 74:20
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Have regard for the covenant, for the dark places of the land are full of the habitations of violence.

King James Bible
Have respect unto the covenant: for the dark places of the earth are full of the habitations of cruelty.

American Standard Version
Have respect unto the covenant; For the dark places of the earth are full of the habitations of violence.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Have regard to thy covenant: for they that are the obscure of the earth have been filled with dwellings of iniquity.

English Revised Version
Have respect unto the covenant: for the dark places of the earth are full of the habitations of violence.

Webster's Bible Translation
Have respect to the covenant: for the dark places of the earth are full of the habitations of cruelty.

Psalm 74:20 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

With this prayer for the destruction of the enemies by God's interposition closes the first half of the Psalm, which has for its subject-matter the crying contradiction between the present state of things and God's relationship to Israel. The poet now draws comfort by looking back into the time when God as Israel's King unfolded the rich fulness of His salvation everywhere upon the earth, where Israel's existence was imperilled. בּקרב הארץ, not only within the circumference of the Holy Land, but, e.g., also within that of Egypt (Exodus 8:18-22). The poet has Egypt directly in his mind, for there now follows first of all a glance at the historical (Psalm 74:13-15), and then at the natural displays of God's power (Psalm 74:16, Psalm 74:17). Hengstenberg is of opinion that Psalm 74:13-15 also are to be understood in the latter sense, and appeals to Job 26:11-13. But just as Isaiah (Isaiah 51:9, cf. Psalm 27:1) transfers these emblems of the omnipotence of God in the natural world to His proofs of power in connection with the history of redemption which were exhibited in the case of a worldly power, so does the poet here also in Psalm 74:13-15. The תּנּיּן (the extended saurian) is in Isaiah, as in Ezekiel (התּנּים, Psalm 29:3; Psalm 32:2), an emblem of Pharaoh and of his kingdom; in like manner here the leviathan is the proper natural wonder of Egypt. As a water-snake or a crocodile, when it comes up with its head above the water, is killed by a powerful stroke, did God break the heads of the Egyptians, so that the sea cast up their dead bodies (Exodus 14:30). The ציּים, the dwellers in the steppe, to whom these became food, are not the Aethiopians (lxx, Jerome), or rather the Ichthyophagi (Bocahrt, Hengstenberg), who according to Agatharcides fed ἐκ τῶν ἐκριπτομένων εἰς τὴν χέρσον κητῶν, but were no cannibals, but the wild beasts of the desert, which are called עם, as in Proverbs 30:25. the ants and the rock-badgers. לציים is a permutative of the notion לעם, which was not completed: to a (singular) people, viz., to the wild animals of the steppe. Psalm 74:15 also still refers not to miracles of creation, but to miracles wrought in the course of the history of redemption; Psalm 74:15 refers to the giving of water out of the rock (Psalm 78:15), and Psalm 74:15 to the passage through the Jordan, which was miraculously dried up (הובשׁתּ, as in Joshua 2:10; Joshua 4:23; Joshua 5:1). The object מעין ונחל is intended as referring to the result: so that the water flowed out of the cleft after the manner of a fountain and a brook. נהרות are the several streams of the one Jordan; the attributive genitive איתן describe them as streams having an abundance that does not dry up, streams of perennial fulness. The God of Israel who has thus marvellously made Himself known in history is, however, the Creator and Lord of all created things. Day and night and the stars alike are His creatures. In close connection with the night, which is mentioned second, the moon, the מאור of the night, precedes the sun; cf. Psalm 8:4, where כּונן is the same as הכין in this passage. It is an error to render thus: bodies of light, and more particularly the sun; which would have made one expect מאורות before the specializing Waw. גּבוּלות are not merely the bounds of the land towards the sea, Jeremiah 5:22, but, according to Deuteronomy 32:8; Acts 17:26, even the boundaries of the land in themselves, that is to say, the natural boundaries of the inland country. קיץ וחרף are the two halves of the year: summer including spring (אביב), which begins in Nisan, the spring-month, about the time of the vernal equinox, and autumn including winter (צתו), after the termination of which the strictly spring vegetation begins (Sol 2:11). The seasons are personified, and are called God's formations or works, as it were the angels of summer and of winter.

Psalm 74:20 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

have

Psalm 89:28,34-36 My mercy will I keep for him for ever more, and my covenant shall stand fast with him...

Psalm 105:8 He has remembered his covenant for ever, the word which he commanded to a thousand generations.

Psalm 106:45 And he remembered for them his covenant, and repented according to the multitude of his mercies.

Genesis 17:7,8 And I will establish my covenant between me and you and your seed after you in their generations for an everlasting covenant...

Exodus 24:6-8 And Moses took half of the blood, and put it in basins; and half of the blood he sprinkled on the altar...

Leviticus 26:40-45 If they shall confess their iniquity, and the iniquity of their fathers, with their trespass which they trespassed against me...

Deuteronomy 9:27 Remember your servants, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; look not to the stubbornness of this people, nor to their wickedness...

2 Samuel 23:5 Although my house be not so with God; yet he has made with me an everlasting covenant, ordered in all things, and sure...

Jeremiah 33:20-26 Thus said the LORD; If you can break my covenant of the day, and my covenant of the night...

Luke 1:72-75 To perform the mercy promised to our fathers, and to remember his holy covenant...

Hebrews 8:10 For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, said the Lord; I will put my laws into their mind...

the dark

Deuteronomy 12:31 You shall not do so to the LORD your God: for every abomination to the LORD, which he hates, have they done to their gods...

Romans 1:29-31 Being filled with all unrighteousness, fornication, wickedness, covetousness, maliciousness; full of envy, murder...

Ephesians 4:17,18 This I say therefore, and testify in the Lord, that you from now on walk not as other Gentiles walk, in the vanity of their mind...

habitations

Psalm 5:8 Lead me, O LORD, in your righteousness because of my enemies; make your way straight before my face.

Genesis 49:5-7 Simeon and Levi are brothers; instruments of cruelty are in their habitations...

Cross References
Genesis 17:7
And I will establish my covenant between me and you and your offspring after you throughout their generations for an everlasting covenant, to be God to you and to your offspring after you.

Psalm 88:6
You have put me in the depths of the pit, in the regions dark and deep.

Psalm 106:45
For their sake he remembered his covenant, and relented according to the abundance of his steadfast love.

Psalm 143:3
For the enemy has pursued my soul; he has crushed my life to the ground; he has made me sit in darkness like those long dead.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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