Psalm 74:7
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
They set your sanctuary on fire; they profaned the dwelling place of your name, bringing it down to the ground.

King James Bible
They have cast fire into thy sanctuary, they have defiled by casting down the dwelling place of thy name to the ground.

American Standard Version
They have set thy sanctuary on fire; They have profaned the dwelling-place of thy name by casting it to the ground.

Douay-Rheims Bible
They have set fire to thy sanctuary: they have defiled the dwelling place of thy name on the earth.

English Revised Version
They have set thy sanctuary on fire; they have profaned the dwelling place of thy name even to the ground.

Webster's Bible Translation
They have cast fire into thy sanctuary, they have defiled by casting down the dwelling-place of thy name to the ground.

Psalm 74:7 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The poet begins with the earnest prayer that God would again have compassion upon His church, upon which His judgment of anger has fallen, and would again set up the ruins of Zion. Why for ever (Psalm 74:10, Psalm 79:5; Psalm 89:47, cf. Psalm 13:2)? is equivalent to, why so continually and, as it seems, without end? The preterite denotes the act of casting off, the future, Psalm 74:1, that lasting condition of this casting off. למה, when the initial of the following word is a guttural, and particularly if it has a merely half-vowel (although in other instances also, Genesis 12:19; Genesis 27:45; Sol 1:7), is deprived of its Dagesh and accented on the ultima, in order (as Mose ha-Nakdan expressly observes) to guard against the swallowing up of the ah; cf. on Psalm 10:1. Concerning the smoking of anger, vid., Psalm 18:9. The characteristically Asaphic expression צאן מרעיתו is not less Jeremianic, Jeremiah 23:1. In Psalm 74:2 God is reminded of what He has once done for the congregation of His people. קדם, as in Psalm 44:2, points back into the Mosaic time of old, to the redemption out of Egypt, which is represented in קנה (Exodus 15:17) as a purchasing, and in גאל (Psalm 77:15; Psalm 78:35, Exodus 15:13) as a ransoming (redemptio). שׁבט נחלתך is a factitive object; שׁבט is the name given to the whole nation in its distinctness of race from other peoples, as in Jeremiah 10:16; Jeremiah 51:19, cf. Isaiah 63:17. זה (Psalm 74:2) is rightly separated from הר־ציון (Mugrash); it stands directly for אשׁר, as in Psalm 104:8, Psalm 104:26; Proverbs 23:22; Job 15:17 (Ges. 122, 2). The congregation of the people and its central abode are, as though forgotten of God, in a condition which sadly contrasts with their election. משּׁאות נצח are ruins (vid., Psalm 73:18) in a state of such total destruction, that all hope of their restoration vanishes before it; נצח here looks forward, just as עולם (חרבות), Isaiah 63:12; Psalm 61:4, looks backwards. May God then lift His feet up high (פּעמים poetical for רגלים, cf. Psalm 58:11 with Psalm 68:24), i.e., with long hurried steps, without stopping, move towards His dwelling - lace that now lies in ruins, that by virtue of His interposition it may rise again. Hath the enemy made merciless havoc - he hath ill-treated (הרע, as in Psalm 44:3) everything (כּל, as in Psalm 8:7, Zephaniah 1:2, for חכּל or את־כּל) in the sanctuary - how is it possible that this sacrilegious vandalism should remain unpunished!

Psalm 74:7 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

cast fire into thy sanctuary. Heb. sent thy sanctuary into the fire

2 Kings 25:9 And he burnt the house of the LORD, and the king's house, and all the houses of Jerusalem...

Isaiah 64:11 Our holy and our beautiful house, where our fathers praised you, is burned up with fire: and all our pleasant things are laid waste.

Matthew 22:7 But when the king heard thereof, he was wroth: and he sent forth his armies, and destroyed those murderers, and burned up their city.

defiled

Psalm 89:39 You have made void the covenant of your servant: you have profaned his crown by casting it to the ground.

Ezekiel 24:21 Speak to the house of Israel, Thus said the Lord GOD; Behold, I will profane my sanctuary, the excellency of your strength...

dwelling

Exodus 20:24 An altar of earth you shall make to me, and shall sacrifice thereon your burnt offerings, and your peace offerings, your sheep...

Deuteronomy 12:5 But to the place which the LORD your God shall choose out of all your tribes to put his name there...

1 Kings 8:20 And the LORD has performed his word that he spoke, and I am risen up in the room of David my father, and sit on the throne of Israel...

Cross References
2 Kings 25:9
And he burned the house of the LORD and the king's house and all the houses of Jerusalem; every great house he burned down.

Psalm 79:1
O God, the nations have come into your inheritance; they have defiled your holy temple; they have laid Jerusalem in ruins.

Psalm 89:39
You have renounced the covenant with your servant; you have defiled his crown in the dust.

Psalm 137:7
Remember, O LORD, against the Edomites the day of Jerusalem, how they said, "Lay it bare, lay it bare, down to its foundations!"

Jeremiah 19:13
The houses of Jerusalem and the houses of the kings of Judah--all the houses on whose roofs offerings have been offered to all the host of heaven, and drink offerings have been poured out to other gods--shall be defiled like the place of Topheth.'"

Lamentations 2:2
The Lord has swallowed up without mercy all the habitations of Jacob; in his wrath he has broken down the strongholds of the daughter of Judah; he has brought down to the ground in dishonor the kingdom and its rulers.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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