Psalm 78:43
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
when he performed his signs in Egypt and his marvels in the fields of Zoan.

King James Bible
How he had wrought his signs in Egypt, and his wonders in the field of Zoan:

American Standard Version
How he set his signs in Egypt, And his wonders in the field of Zoan,

Douay-Rheims Bible
How he wrought his signs in Egypt, and his wonders in the field of Tanis.

English Revised Version
How he set his signs in Egypt, and his wonders in the field of Zoan;

Webster's Bible Translation
How he had wrought his signs in Egypt, and his wonders in the field of Zoan:

Psalm 78:43 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Passing over to the giving of the quails, the poet is thinking chiefly of the first occasion mentioned in Exodus 16, which directly preceded the giving of the manna. But the description follows the second: יסּע (He caused to depart, set out) after Numbers 11:31. "East" and "south" belong together: it was a south-east wind from the Aelanitic Gulf. "To rain down" is a figurative expression for a plentiful giving of dispensing from above. "Its camp, its tents," are those of Israel, Numbers 11:31, cf. Exodus 16:13. The תּעוה, occurring twice, Psalm 78:29-30 (of the object of strong desire, as in Psalm 21:3), points to Kibroth-hattaavah, the scene of this carnal lusting; הביא is the transitive of the בּוא in Proverbs 13:12. In Psalm 78:30-31 even in the construction the poet closely follows Numbers 11:33 (cf. also זרוּ with לזרא, aversion, loathing, Numbers 11:20). The Waw unites what takes place simultaneously; a construction which presents the advantage of being able to give special prominence to the subject. The wrath of God consisted in the breaking out of a sickness which was the result of immoderate indulgence, and to which even the best-nourished and most youthfully vigorous fell a prey. When the poet goes on in Psalm 78:32 to say that in spite of these visitations (בּכל־זאת) they went on sinning, he has chiefly before his mind the outbreak of "fat" rebelliousness after the return of the spies, cf. Psalm 78:32 with Numbers 14:11. And Psalm 78:33 refers to the judgment of death in the wilderness threatened at that time to all who had come out of Egypt from twenty years old and upward (Numbers 14:28-34). Their life devoted to death vanished from that time onwards בּהבל, in breath-like instability, and בּבּהלה, in undurable precipitancy; the mode of expression in Psalm 31:11; Job 36:1 suggests to the poet an expressive play of words. When now a special judgment suddenly and violently thinned the generation that otherwise was dying off, as in Numbers 21:6., then they inquired after Him, they again sought His favour, those who were still preserved in the midst of this dying again remembered the God who had proved Himself to be a "Rock" (Deuteronomy 32:15, Deuteronomy 32:18, Deuteronomy 32:37) and to be a "Redeemer" (Genesis 48:16) to them. And what next? Psalm 78:36-37

(Note: According to the reckoning of the Masora this Psalm 78:36 is the middle verse of the 2527 verses of the Psalter (Buxtorf, Tiberias, 1620, p. 133).)

tell us what effect they gave to this disposition to return to God. They appeased Him with their mouth, is meant to say: they sought to win Him over to themselves by fair speeches, inasmuch as they thus anthropopathically conceived of God, and with their tongue they played the hypocrite to Him; their heart, however, was not sincere towards Him (עם like את in Psalm 78:8), i.e., not directed straight towards Him, and they proved themselves not stedfast (πιστοί, or properly βέβαιοι) in their covenant-relationship to Him.

Psalm 78:43 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

how

Psalm 105:27-38 They showed his signs among them, and wonders in the land of Ham...

Psalm 135:9 Who sent tokens and wonders into the middle of you, O Egypt, on Pharaoh, and on all his servants.

Exodus 3:19,20 And I am sure that the king of Egypt will not let you go, no, not by a mighty hand...

Deuteronomy 4:34 Or has God assayed to go and take him a nation from the middle of another nation, by temptations, by signs, and by wonders, and by war...

Deuteronomy 6:22 And the LORD showed signs and wonders, great and sore, on Egypt, on Pharaoh, and on all his household, before our eyes:

Nehemiah 9:10 And showed signs and wonders on Pharaoh, and on all his servants, and on all the people of his land...

wrought. Heb. set.
wonders

Psalm 78:12 Marvelous things did he in the sight of their fathers, in the land of Egypt, in the field of Zoan.

Cross References
Exodus 4:21
And the LORD said to Moses, "When you go back to Egypt, see that you do before Pharaoh all the miracles that I have put in your power. But I will harden his heart, so that he will not let the people go.

Exodus 7:3
But I will harden Pharaoh's heart, and though I multiply my signs and wonders in the land of Egypt,

Numbers 13:22
They went up into the Negeb and came to Hebron. Ahiman, Sheshai, and Talmai, the descendants of Anak, were there. (Hebron was built seven years before Zoan in Egypt.)

1 Chronicles 16:12
Remember the wondrous works that he has done, his miracles and the judgments he uttered,

Psalm 74:9
We do not see our signs; there is no longer any prophet, and there is none among us who knows how long.

Psalm 78:12
In the sight of their fathers he performed wonders in the land of Egypt, in the fields of Zoan.

Psalm 105:27
They performed his signs among them and miracles in the land of Ham.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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