Psalm 82:1
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
God has taken his place in the divine council; in the midst of the gods he holds judgment:

King James Bible
A Psalm of Asaph. God standeth in the congregation of the mighty; he judgeth among the gods.

American Standard Version
God standeth in the congregation of God; He judgeth among the gods.

Douay-Rheims Bible
A psalm for Asaph. God hath stood in the congregation of gods: and being in the midst of them he judgeth gods.

English Revised Version
A Psalm of Asaph. God standeth in the congregation of God; he judgeth among the gods.

Webster's Bible Translation
A Psalm of Asaph. God standeth in the congregation of the mighty; he judgeth among the gods.

Psalm 82:1 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The Passover discourse now takes a sorrowful and awful turn: Israel's disobedience and self-will frustrated the gracious purpose of the commandments and promises of its God. "My people" and "Israel" alternate as in the complaint in Isaiah 1:3. לא־אבה followed by the dative, as in Deuteronomy 13:9 ([8], ου ̓ συνθελήσεις αὐτῷ). Then God made their sin their punishment, by giving them over judicially (שׁלּח as in Job 8:4) into the obduracy of their heart, which rudely shuts itself up against His mercy (from שׁרר, Aramaic שׁרר, Arabic sarra, to make firm equals to cheer, make glad), so that they went on (cf. on the sequence of tense, Psalm 61:8) in their, i.e., their own, egotistical, God-estranged determinations; the suffix is thus accented, as e.g., in Isaiah 65:2, cf. the borrowed passage Jeremiah 7:24, and the same phrase in Micah 6:16. And now, because this state of unfaithfulness in comparison with God's faithfulness has remained essentially the same even to to-day, the exalted Orator of the festival passes over forthwith to the generation of the present, and that, as is in accordance with the cheerful character of the feast, in a charmingly alluring manner. Whether we take לוּ in the signification of si (followed by the participle, as in 2 Samuel 18:12), or like אם above in Psalm 81:9 as expressing a wish, o si (if but!), Psalm 81:15. at any rate have the relation of the apodosis to it. From כּמעט (for a little, easily) it may be conjectured that the relation of Israel at that time to the nations did not correspond to the dignity of the nation of God which is called to subdue and rule the world in the strength of God. השׁיב signifies in this passage only to turn, not: to again lay upon. The meaning is, that He would turn the hand which is now chastening His people against those by whom He is chastening them (cf. on the usual meaning of the phrase, Isaiah 1:25; Amos 1:8; Jeremiah 6:9; Ezekiel 38:12). The promise in Psalm 81:16 relates to Israel and all the members of the nation. The haters of Jahve would be compelled reluctantly to submit themselves to Him, and their time would endure for ever. "Time" is equivalent to duration, and in this instance with the collateral notion of Prosperity, as elsewhere (Isaiah 13:22) of the term of punishment. One now expects that it should continue with ואאכילהוּ, in the tone of a promise. The Psalm, however, closes with an historical statement. For ויּאכילהו cannot signify et cibaret eum; it ought to be pronounced ויאכילהו. The pointing, like the lxx, Syriac, and Vulgate, takes v. 17a (cf. Deuteronomy 32:13.) as a retrospect, and apparently rightly so. For even the Asaphic Psalm 77 and 78 break off with historical pictures. V. 17b is, accordingly, also to be taken as retrospective. The words of the poet in conclusion once more change into the words of God. The closing word runs אשׂבּיעך, as in Psalm 50:8, Deuteronomy 4:31, and (with the exception of the futt. Hiph. of Lamed He verbs ending with ekka) usually. The Babylonian system of pointing nowhere recognises the suffix-form ekka. If the Israel of the present would hearken to the Lawgiver of Sinai, says v. 17, then would He renew to it the miraculous gifts of the time of the redemption under Moses.

Psalm 82:1 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

A.M.

3108. B.C.

896. A Psalm. Some refer this psalm to the time of David, and others to that of Hezekiah; but it is more probable that it was composed when Jehoshaphat reformed the courts throughout his kingdom.

2 Chronicles 19:6,7 And said to the judges, Take heed what you do: for you judge not for man, but for the LORD, who is with you in the judgment...

God, etc. Or, God standeth in the assembly of God. (ail) he judgeth among the judges. (elohim) God is among His own people; and presides especially in those courts of justice which Himself has established.

Exodus 18:21 Moreover you shall provide out of all the people able men, such as fear God, men of truth, hating covetousness...

2 Chronicles 19:6,7 And said to the judges, Take heed what you do: for you judge not for man, but for the LORD, who is with you in the judgment...

Ecclesiastes 5:8 If you see the oppression of the poor, and violent perverting of judgment and justice in a province, marvel not at the matter...

the gods

Psalm 82:6,7 I have said, You are gods; and all of you are children of the most High...

Psalm 138:1 I will praise you with my whole heart: before the gods will I sing praise to you.

Exodus 21:6 Then his master shall bring him to the judges; he shall also bring him to the door, or to the door post...

Exodus 22:28 You shall not revile the gods, nor curse the ruler of your people.

John 10:35 If he called them gods, to whom the word of God came, and the scripture cannot be broken;

Cross References
Exodus 12:12
For I will pass through the land of Egypt that night, and I will strike all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and on all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgments: I am the LORD.

Exodus 21:6
then his master shall bring him to God, and he shall bring him to the door or the doorpost. And his master shall bore his ear through with an awl, and he shall be his slave forever.

Exodus 22:8
If the thief is not found, the owner of the house shall come near to God to show whether or not he has put his hand to his neighbor's property.

Exodus 22:28
"You shall not revile God, nor curse a ruler of your people.

2 Chronicles 19:6
and said to the judges, "Consider what you do, for you judge not for man but for the LORD. He is with you in giving judgment.

Job 21:22
Will any teach God knowledge, seeing that he judges those who are on high?

Psalm 58:11
Mankind will say, "Surely there is a reward for the righteous; surely there is a God who judges on earth."

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Psalm 81:16
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